Michael Corleone

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Michael Corleone
Michaelcoreleone.jpg
Michael Corleone, as portrayed by Al Pacino in The Godfather.
First appearance The Godfather
Last appearance The Godfather's Revenge
Created by Mario Puzo
Portrayed by Al Pacino
Voiced by Joseph May
Information
Nickname(s) Mike,
Mikey,
Mickey,
Godfather
Aliases The Godfather, The Don, Don Corleone, Don Michael
Gender Male
Occupation Retired Mafia boss
Former United States Marine
Title Don Corleone
Family Corleone family
Spouse(s) Apollonia Vitelli-Corleone (deceased; 1947-48)
Kay Adams (divorced; 1951-60)
Children Anthony Corleone
Mary Corleone
Relatives Vincent Corleone (nephew)
Deanna Dunn (sister-in-law)
Sandra Corleone (sister-in-law)
Carlo Rizzi (brother-in-law)
Religion Roman Catholic
Father Vito Corleone
Mother Carmela Corleone
Brother Sonny Corleone
Fredo Corleone
Tom Hagen (adopted brother)
Sister Connie Corleone

Michael Corleone is a fictional character in Mario Puzo's novels, The Godfather and The Sicilian. He is also the main character of the Godfather film trilogy that was directed by Francis Ford Coppola, in which he was portrayed by Al Pacino, who was twice nominated for an Academy Award for his portrayal (Best Supporting Actor for The Godfather, and Best Actor for The Godfather Part II).

Michael Corleone, as portrayed by Pacino, was recognized as the 11th most iconic villain in film history by the American Film Institute,[1] although some critics consider him to be a tragic hero.[2]

Family[edit]

Born in 1920, Michael is the youngest son of Mafia Don Vito Corleone and his wife, Carmela. He has two older brothers, Santino "Sonny" Corleone and Frederico "Fredo" Corleone and a younger sister, Constanzia "Connie" Corleone. The family consigliere, Tom Hagen, is Michael's informal adoptive brother.

The Godfather[edit]

Unlike his two older brothers, Michael shuns the Corleone "family crime business", wanting to lead an honest, more Americanized life. His father, Vito, the Don of the powerful Corleone crime family, approves, preferring that his favorite son finish his education and pursue a traditional career.

When the United States enters World War II in 1941, Michael leaves Dartmouth College to enlist in the Marine Corps and fights in the Pacific. His father, to protect his son, arranged his deferment, but Michael refused and enlisted anyway. During the war, Michael receives a battlefield commission to the rank of captain and is awarded the Navy Cross for bravery. In 1944, his war heroism is featured in Life magazine. He is discharged early in 1945 to recover from a disabling wound; unbeknownst to him, his father also arranged his release. He returns home to attend his sister Connie's wedding, accompanied by Kay Adams, his non-Italian college sweetheart who is initially unaware that the Corleone family belong to the Mafia. Michael stays home for a few weeks before re-entering Dartmouth without consulting his family.

Just before Christmas 1945, Vito is nearly assassinated by drug kingpin Virgil Sollozzo, thrusting Michael into the Mafia world he disdains. Michael reaffirms his family loyalty at his father's bedside, then thwarts Sollozzo's second attempt on Vito's life. Knowing that as long as Sollozzo lives, his father's life is threatened, Michael plots to murder Sollozzo and NYPD Captain Marc McCluskey, the corrupt cop on Sollozzo's payroll who broke Michael's jaw. Michael's eldest brother Sonny, running the family while Vito recuperates, rejects Michael's plan, believing him incapable and knowing their father wants him protected from the family business. There is another complication: Mafia rules prohibit targeting police due to the severe retribution that would ensue. Michael successfully argues that McCluskey can be publicly exposed as a corrupt cop who crossed into their world. A meeting between Sollozzo and Michael is arranged. At the restaurant, Michael retrieves the gun that Caporegime Peter Clemenza had planted in the bathroom and fatally shoots Sollozzo and McCluskey.

Michael flees to Sicily and spends two years under Don Tommasino's protection. While there, Michael falls in love with and marries a young local woman named Apollonia Vitelli. A few months later, Michael receives news that Sonny was murdered. As he and Apollonia prepare to move to a safer villa in Siracusa, she is killed by a car-bomb intended for Michael, probably planted by his traitorous bodyguard, Fabrizio. True to the Sicilian tradition of "vendetta", in The Godfather Part II Michael locates Fabrizio in New York and has him executed.

Michael returns to the United States early 1951[3] and assumes Sonny's role as Vito's heir apparent. He and his father plot to wipe out the other New York Dons, deliberately allowing them to whittle away at the Corleone interests to appear weak. Meanwhile, Michael convinces his father the time is right to remove the family from the Mafia. More than a year after his return, Michael reunites with Kay and they marry. He promises her the Corleone family will be completely legitimate in five years. Within two years, they have two children, Anthony and Mary. In the novel, Kay gives birth to two sons.

Vito semi-retires in 1954, and Michael takes over the family business. He attempts to buy out casino owner Moe Greene's stake in the Las Vegas casino that the Corleones bankrolled, intending to move the family to Nevada and legitimize all Corleone enterprises. Greene refuses to sell, however, and derides the Corleone family for having grown weak and being run out of New York. Before his death, in 1955, Vito warns Michael that Emilio Barzini, head of a rival family, will likely attempt to assassinate Michael under the pretense of establishing peace between the families. Vito tells Michael that whoever approaches him about the meeting will be a traitor. When caporegime Salvatore Tessio unknowingly exposes his complicity with Barzini by arranging the meeting, Michael sets the plan in motion to murder the other New York Mafia's families heads: Barzini, Philip Tattaglia, Carmine Cuneo, and Victor Stracci, as well as Moe Greene. The plot unfolds on the same day Michael stands as godfather to Connie's newborn son. In the film, the scene quickly rotates between the mob dons and Greene being murdered and Michael at the baptism, all occurring simultaneously. Later the same day, Tessio and Carlo Rizzi, Connie's abusive husband (who abetted Sonny's murder) are executed. In one strike, Michael reestablishes the Corleone family as the nation's most powerful crime family and is considered more cunning and ruthless than his father.

Connie, distraught, accuses Michael of murdering her husband, Carlo. Michael dismisses her accusations as unfounded, and, when pressed by Kay, he convincingly denies any involvement. In the novel, Connie, once free of her abusive husband, recants her accusations a few weeks later, assuring Kay she was mistaken. Kay, initially believing Michael, later observes him receiving his capos. Clemenza respectfully addresses Michael as "Don Corleone" and kisses his hand in the same manner that he did with Michael's father. Kay realizes Connie's accusations were true. In the novel, Kay briefly leaves Michael, but Hagen persuades her to return.

The Godfather Part II[edit]

In The Godfather Part II, set in 1958-1959, Michael is now in his late-30s. The Corleone family has relocated to Nevada while Frank Pentangeli runs the family's operations in New York, former capo Peter Clemenza having died several years earlier. Although Michael is the most powerful Mafia leader in the nation, he works to legitimize the Corleone family. His efforts have been largely unsuccessful; his many enemies and growing obsession with revenge keep him tethered to the criminal underworld. Michael negotiates with Hyman Roth, his father's former business partner, over controlling casino operations in Cuba.

Hours after his son Anthony's First Communion party, Michael (and Kay) barely escapes being assassinated inside the Corleone compound. Michael suspects Roth ordered the hit, and believes a mole within the Corleone family aided him. To uncover Roth's involvement, Michael maintains their business relationship. He orders Pentangeli to settle a dispute with Roth's business partners, the Rosato Brothers. When Pentangeli meets with them, he is nearly killed, but survives the attack.

Meanwhile, Michael, Roth, and Michael's brother Fredo travel to Cuba to forge a partnership with Fulgencio Batista allowing them to operate in Cuba without interference in exchange for generous payments to the Cuban government. While in Cuba, Michael dispatches his bodyguard to eliminate Roth on New Year's Eve, but soldiers kill the bodyguard during the attempt. That same night, Fredo unintentionally exposes his betrayal within the family; Michael tells him he knows he was the traitor and gives him the Sicilian "kiss of death". During the New Year's Eve festivities, victorious rebel forces enter Havana, forcing Batista into exile and driving out the crime bosses. Fredo, fearing Michael, runs off; Roth escapes to Miami.

Meanwhile, Pentangeli, believing Michael had ordered a hit on him, prepares to testify against him in the Senate's investigation of organized crime. However, Michael has Pentageli's brother Vincenzo brought from Sicily. Just prior to the hearing, Vincenzo and Frank exchange glances. Understanding the threat, Pentageli recants his earlier sworn statements, throwing the hearings into chaos and effectively destroying the government's case against Michael.

Fredo confesses to Michael that Roth's right-hand man, Johnny Ola, had promised to make him rich independent of the family if he provided information on Michael. He also withheld key information about the Senate investigation. He resented being "passed over" in favor of Michael, believing he should have headed the family after their father's death. Michael disowns Fredo, but tells Al Neri that nothing is to happen to his brother while their mother is alive — the implication being Neri will execute Fredo after her death.

Kay is resigned that Michael will remain in the Mafia. She intends to leaves him, taking their children with her. Michael asks her to reconsider, but when Kay reveals she aborted their unborn child, Michael, enraged, strikes her. Kay is banished from the family and prevented her from seeing their children.

Following their mother's death, and at sister Connie's behest, Michael seemingly forgives Fredo, but soon after, Neri murders Fredo on Michael's orders. At the same time, Michael sends Hagen to persuade Pentangeli to commit suicide to spare his family. Michael has capo Rocco Lampone kill a heavily guarded Roth at John F. Kennedy International Airport upon his return to the U.S.

The film ends with Michael's recollections of a surprise birthday party for his father on December 7, 1941. In a flashback scene, Michael informs the family that he has dropped out of college and enlisted in the Marines. Only Fredo supports Michael's decision. When Vito arrives off-screen, everyone goes to greet him except Michael, who sits alone. The film's final shot shows Michael sitting alone in the Corleone's Lake Tahoe compound.

The Godfather Part III[edit]

In The Godfather Part III, set in 1979-80, Michael (now in his late 50s) has moved back to New York and taken great strides to remove the family from crime. He turns over his New York criminal interests to longtime enforcer Joey Zasa. To appease The Vatican, Michael sells his gambling interests to the other Mafia families and reorganizes his vast business holdings as the "Corleone Group." Wracked with guilt over his ruthless rise to power, he uses his wealth in an attempt to rehabilitate his reputation through numerous charitable acts, administered by a foundation named after his father, Vito. A decade earlier, he gave custody of his two children to his former wife, Kay, who has since remarried.

The Holy See has named him a Commander of the Order of Saint Sebastian for his good works. Michael and Kay have an uneasy reunion after nine years. Kay says she wants their son, Anthony, to have nothing to do with the Corleone "legacy". Both she and Anthony know the truth about Michael's brother Fredo's death. Michael, who had wanted Anthony to finish law school or work for the family business, gives his consent to Anthony becoming an opera singer.

Michael's new connection to the Church provides an opportunity to take over the large property company, Immobiliare. He is already the company's largest shareholder, and offers to buy the Vatican's 25 percent share, which will give him controlling interest. He also takes in his late brother Sonny's illegitimate son Vincent Mancini, a soldier in Zasa's crew, as his protegé.

Michael is troubled by Vincent's impulsiveness and fiery temper, and opposes Vince's romance with his daughter, Mary. Michael fears that Vincent's growing involvement in the "family business" will endanger Mary, just as it did Michael's first wife, Appollonia.[4]

On the night Michael announces he is dissolving his gambling empire, Zasa wipes out most of The Commission in a helicopter attack in Atlantic City. Michael escapes with Vincent's and Al Neri's help. Michael quickly realizes that his old friend, Don Altobello, conspiracy|conspired to murder him.

Traumatized by the attack, Michael suffers a diabetic stroke, briefly incapacitating him (Coppola reveals in his audio commentary that Michael is seen drinking a lot of water in the first two films—subtle hints that he is a diabetic[4]). While Michael recovers, Connie gives Vincent her consent to assassinate Zasa. Michael is enraged upon discovering this, and demands that no similar orders be issued while he is alive.

Michael returns to Sicily for Anthony's operatic debut at the Teatro Massimo. Suspecting that Altobello may make another murder attempt, he has Vincent infiltrate Altobello's regime under the pretense of defecting. Michael and Kay tour Sicily together, during which Michael asks for Kay's forgiveness. Kay admits she will always love him.

The Immobiliare deal has stalled, supposedly because Pope Paul VI must sign off on it. Michael learns that the Immobiliare deal is an elaborate swindle concocted by Immobiliare chairman Licio Lucchesi, who schemed with Vatican Bank head Archbishop Gilday and accountant Frederick Keinszig to embezzle a fortune from the Vatican Bank, using Michael's "investment" to cover their tracks. Hoping to salvage the deal, Michael seeks Don Tommasino's assistance. He directs Michael to Cardinal Lamberto (the future Pope John Paul I). With Lamberto's prodding, Michael makes his first confession in 30 years, breaking down and admitting he ordered Fredo's murder. Lamberto says Michael's suffering for his sins is just, but there is hope for redemption.

John Paul I dies soon after being elected pope, poisoned by Gilday. Michael learns that Altobello (in league with the conspirators) has hired an assassin named Mosca to kill him. Mosca murders Tommasino, and Michael vows before his old friend's casket to, 'sin no more.'

Vincent reports that Lucchesi, working with Altobello, is behind the assassination attempts on Michael. Michael grants Vincent permission to retaliate. Weary of the bloody, lonely life of a Don, Michael retires, making Vincent his successor. In return, Vincent agrees to end his romance with Mary.

That night, Michael, reconciled with Kay and Anthony, watches his son's performance in the opera Cavalleria Rusticana. Meanwhile, Vincent orchestrates the murders of Lucchesi, Gilday and Keinszig. Connie Corleone murders Altobello with a poisoned cannoli.

After the performance, Mosca shoots Michael, wounding him; the bullet passes through his body and kills Mary. Devastated by her death, Michael returns to Bagheria, Sicily, where he dies years later, sitting alone in the same courtyard where he and Apollonia celebrated their marriage.

The Sicilian[edit]

Michael is a secondary character in Puzo's novel The Sicilian, which takes place during his first exile in Sicily. He learns from Clemenza about the legendary exploits of the novel's main character, Salvatore Guiliano, and is eager to meet him, but Guiliano is murdered before the meeting can take place.

Sequel novels and video game[edit]

Michael appears in Mark Winegardner's sequel novels The Godfather Returns and The Godfather's Revenge. In Godfather Returns, set roughly during the time of Godfather Part II, Michael battles with a new rival, Nick Geraci, while attempting to legitimize the family.[5] In Godfather's Revenge, set a few years after the second film, he moves to protect his criminal empire against Geraci and the machinations of a powerful political dynasty, while dealing with his guilt over having Fredo murdered. In the latter novel, he has a relationship with actress Marguerite "Rita" Duvall in the early 1960s, but he ends it upon realizing that he is still in love with Kay.[6]

He is featured in The Godfather: The Game and the video game adaptation of The Godfather II, but the character is neither voiced by nor modeled after Al Pacino.

Family members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains[dead link]
  2. ^ "The Godfather Movie Review by Anthony Leong". Mediacircus.net. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  3. ^ Puzo, Mario and Coppola, Francis Ford. (1971, 29 March). THE GODFATHER, The Internet Movie Script Database
  4. ^ a b The Godfather Part III DVD commentary featuring Francis Ford Coppola, [2005]
  5. ^ http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/godfather-returns-mark-winegardner/1100393913?ean=9780345478986 Accessed on June 27, 2014
  6. ^ http://www.amazon.com/The-Godfathers-Revenge-Mark-Winegardner/dp/0399153845 Amazon.com Accessed on June 27, 2014

Bibliography[edit]

Preceded by
Vito Corleone
Head of the Corleone crime family
The Godfather

ca. 1955–1958
Succeeded by
Tom Hagen (Interim)
Preceded by
Tom Hagen (Interim)
Head of the Corleone crime family
The Godfather

ca. 1959–1980
Succeeded by
Vincent Corleone