Michael Green (physicist)
22 May 1946 |
|Institutions||University of Cambridge
Queen Mary, University of London
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Doctoral students||Michael Gutperle, Ling-Yan Hung, Miguel Paulos, Aninda Sinha, David Richards, Marco Barrozo, Bogdan Stefanski, Linda Uruchurtu|
|Known for||String Theory|
|Notable awards||Fellow of the Royal Society
Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
Michael Boris Green FRS (born 22 May 1946) is a British physicist and one of the pioneers of string theory. Currently a professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and a Fellow in Clare Hall at the University of Cambridge in England, he succeeded Stephen Hawking on 1 November 2009 as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.
After many years in collaboration with John H. Schwarz, they discovered the anomaly cancellation in type I string theory in 1984. This insight, named the Green–Schwarz mechanism, initiated the First Superstring Revolution. He has also worked on Dirichlet boundary conditions in string theory which have led to the postulation of D-branes.
Green was born the son of Genia Green and Absalom Green. He attended William Ellis School in London and Churchill College at Cambridge University where he graduated with a BA with first class honours in theoretical physics (1967) and a PhD in elementary particle theory (1970). He spent time as a postdoc at Princeton (1970–72), Cambridge and the University of Oxford. Between 1978 and 1993 he was a Lecturer and Professor at Queen Mary, University of London and in July 1993 he was appointed John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Theoretical Physics at Cambridge University. On 19 October 2009 he was confirmed as the next Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, to succeed Stephen Hawking on 1 November 2009.
Green has been awarded the Dirac and Maxwell Medals of the Institute of Physics, UK, the Dirac Medal of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Trieste) and the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics of the American Physical Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989. He has authored more than 150 research papers.
- Sleeman, Elizabeth (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Routledge. ISBN 1-85743-217-7.
- Henderson, Mark (20 October 2009). "Stephen Hawking's successor as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics: Michael Green". Times Online. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Michael Green elected 18th Lucasian Professor at the University of Cambridge". University of Cambridge. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Dirac Medal 1989 Presentation Ceremony Leaflet" (pdf). April 1990. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- "Michael Green Bibliography listing". Stanford University: Spires High Energy Physics database. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- Green, Michael B. & Schwarz, John H. (1984), "Anomaly Cancellation in Supersymmetric D=10 Gauge Theory and Superstring Theory", Physics Letters B 149 (1–3): 117–122, Bibcode:1984PhLB..149..117G, doi:10.1016/0370-2693(84)91565-X