Michael Green (physicist)

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For other people named Michael Green, see Michael Green (disambiguation).
Professor Michael Green
Born Michael Boris Green
(1946-05-22) 22 May 1946 (age 68)[1]
London[1]
Residence Cambridge
Nationality British[1]
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Cambridge
Queen Mary, University of London
Princeton University
University of Oxford
Alma mater Churchill College, Cambridge[1]
Thesis Crossing Symmetry And Duality in Strong Interactions (1970)
Doctoral advisor Richard J. Eden[2]
Doctoral students Wafic Sabra
Michael Gutperle
Ling-Yan Hung
Miguel Paulos
Aninda Sinha
David Richards
Marco Barrozo
Bogdan Stefanski
Tathagata Dasgupta
Linda Uruchurtu[2]
Known for Superstring theory[3]
Green–Schwarz mechanism
Notable awards Fellow of the Royal Society[4]
Dirac Prize
Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (2002)
Naylor Prize and Lectureship (2007)
Fundamental Physics Prize (2013)
Spouse Joanna Chataway[1]
Website
www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/mbg15
www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/m.b.green

Michael Boris Green FRS[4] (born 22 May 1946) is a British physicist and one of the pioneers of string theory. Currently a professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and a Fellow in Clare Hall, Cambridge in England, he succeeded Stephen Hawking on 1 November 2009 as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.[5][6][7]

Education and background[edit]

Green was born the son of Genia Green and Absalom Green. He attended William Ellis School in London and Churchill College, Cambridge[1] where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts with first class honours in theoretical physics (1967) and a PhD in elementary particle theory (1970).[2][8][9]

Career[edit]

Following his PhD, Green did postdoctoral research at Princeton University (1970–72), Cambridge and the University of Oxford. Between 1978 and 1993 he was a Lecturer and Professor at Queen Mary, University of London and in July 1993 he was appointed John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge. On 19 October 2009 he was confirmed as the next Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, to succeed Stephen Hawking on 1 November 2009.[5][6]

Research[edit]

After many years in collaboration with John Henry Schwarz,[10] he co-discovered the anomaly cancellation in type I string theory in 1984. This insight, named the Green–Schwarz mechanism, initiated the First Superstring Revolution. Green has also worked on Dirichlet boundary conditions in string theory which have led to the postulation of D-branes[11] and Instantons.[12]

Awards and honours[edit]

Green has been awarded the Dirac and Maxwell Medals of the Institute of Physics, UK, the Dirac Prize of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Trieste) and the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics of the American Physical Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989.[4] Green has co-authored more than 150 research papers.[7][13]

His nomination for the Royal Society reads

On 12 December 2013, Michael Green shared the Fundamental Physics Prize with John Henry Schwarz "for opening new perspectives on quantum gravity and the unification of forces."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "GREEN, Prof. Michael Boris". Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c Michael Green (physicist) at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Green, M. B.; Schwarz, J. H. (1984). "Covariant description of superstrings". Physics Letters B 136 (5–6): 367. Bibcode:1984PhLB..136..367G. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(84)92021-5.  edit
  4. ^ a b c d "Green, Michael Boris: Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Henderson, Mark (20 October 2009). "Stephen Hawking's successor as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics: Michael Green". Times Online. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Michael Green elected 18th Lucasian Professor at the University of Cambridge". University of Cambridge. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  7. ^ a b Michael Green (physicist) from the Scopus bibliographic database.
  8. ^ Green, Michael Boris (1970). Crossing symmetry and duality in strong interactions (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  9. ^ "Dirac Medal 1989 Presentation Ceremony Leaflet" (pdf). April 1990. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  10. ^ Green, M. B.; Schwarz, J. H. (1984). "Anomaly cancellations in supersymmetric D = 10 gauge theory and superstring theory". Physics Letters B 149: 117. Bibcode:1984PhLB..149..117G. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(84)91565-X.  edit
  11. ^ Green, M. B.; Harvey, J. A.; Moore, G. (1997). "I-brane inflow and anomalous couplings on D-branes". Classical and Quantum Gravity 14: 47. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/14/1/008.  edit
  12. ^ Green, M. B.; Gutperle, M. (1997). "Effects of D-instantons". Nuclear Physics B 498: 195. doi:10.1016/S0550-3213(97)00269-1.  edit
  13. ^ "Michael Green Bibliography listing". Stanford University: Spires High Energy Physics database. Retrieved 22 October 2009. 

External links[edit]