Michael H. Hart

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For other people named Michael Hart, see Michael Hart (disambiguation).
Michael H. Hart
Born (1932-04-28) April 28, 1932 (age 83)
New York City
Nationality American
Fields Astrophysics
Alma mater Cornell University
Princeton University
Known for The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

Michael H. Hart (born April 28, 1932) is an American astrophysicist and author, most notably of The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. He has described himself as a white separatist[1] and is active in white separatist causes.


He received a BA from Cornell University in 1952, an MS from Adelphi University in 1969, and a PhD in astronomy from Princeton University in 1972.[2] He has worked as a research fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, the Goddard Space Flight Center, and the Carnegie Institution for Science.[2] He was a professor at the University of Maryland, Anne Arundel Community College, and Trinity University.[2]

In 1975, he published a paper suggesting humans are the only intelligent life in our home galaxy. He argued that habitable planets existed for several billion years before life began on Earth and, if intelligent life were commonplace, those earlier life forms would have colonized the whole galaxy in a few hundred million years. Since this has not happened, evidently, he concluded intelligent life is rare.[3][4][5]


His first book was The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History (1978), which has sold more than 500,000 copies and been translated into 15 languages. What mainly surprised readers[who?] of this book was the first person on Hart's list (Hart, 1992): Hart decided to choose Muhammad over Jesus or Moses. Hart attributes this to the fact that Muhammad was "supremely successful" in both the religious and secular realms. He also accredits Muhammad for his role in the development of Islam, far more influential than Jesus' collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in the dissemination of Christianity.

His third book, A View from the Year 3000, published in 1999, is a history of the future which includes both technological advances and political developments.

His fourth book, Understanding Human History, is a history of humanity, beginning about 100,000 years ago and going through the 20th century. It includes discussions of developments in every major area of the world. Unlike other books on world history, it explicitly discusses racial differences in intelligence, and explains how, why, and when they arose. The book also discusses the many consequences that those differences have had on human events, starting in prehistoric times and continuing to the present. The book includes an abundance of data and tables, together with sixteen maps, three tables, an extensive bibliography, and a thorough index.[citation needed] The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the book as "racist".[6]

One of Hart's articles asserted that the works attributed to William Shakespeare were in fact written by Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford.[citation needed]

Racial conferences[edit]

In 1996, Hart addressed a conference organized by Jared Taylor's white separatist organization, New Century Foundation, publisher of American Renaissance. He proposed partitioning the United States into four states: a white state, a black state, a Hispanic state, and an integrated mixed-race state[7] [8][9]

At the 2006 American Renaissance conference, Hart, who is Jewish, had a public confrontation with David Duke, the former Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan and former Louisiana state representative, over Duke's antisemitic remarks.[10][11]

Hart organized a conference held in Baltimore in 2009 with the title, Preserving Western Civilization. It was billed as addressing the need to defend "America's Judeo-Christian heritage and European identity" from immigrants, Muslims, and African Americans.[12] Invited speakers included: Lawrence Auster, Peter Brimelow, Steven Farron, Julia Gorin, Lino A. Graglia, Henry C. Harpending, Roger D. McGrath, Pat Richardson, J. Philippe Rushton, Srdja Trifković, and Brenda Walker.[13] The Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center described the conference as "racist".[14][6]



  1. ^ Interview with Michael H. Hart by Russell K. Neili, April 14, 2000. Carol M. Swain; Russ Nieli (24 March 2003). Contemporary Voices of White Nationalism in America. Cambridge University Press. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-521-81673-1.  "I (like other white separatists) resent being called a white supremacist."
  2. ^ a b c "Michael H. Hart." American Men & Women of Science: A Biographical Directory of Today's Leaders in Physical, Biological, and Related Sciences. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Biography in Context. Web. 24 Dec. 2013.
  3. ^ Hart, Michael H. (June 1975). "Explanation for the Absence of Extraterrestrials on Earth". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 16: 128. Retrieved 2015-04-19. 
  4. ^ "Infra digging: Looking for aliens: The search for extraterrestrials goes intergalactic". The Economist. 2015-04-18. Retrieved 2015-04-19. The calculation that intelligent life will rapidly colonise its entire home galaxy—first made by Michael Hart, an American astrophysicist, in 1975—... 
  5. ^ Ben Zuckerman; Michael H. Hart, eds. (1995). Extraterrestrials--where are They?. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-44335-7. 
  6. ^ a b Smith, Janet (18 March 2009). "Mainstream Scholars Attend Racist Conference Hosted By Jewish Astrophysicist". Hatewatch. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Racial Partition of the United States", Michael H. Hart
  8. ^ "AR Conference is Huge Success" American Renaissance, Vol 7, No. 7, July 1996
  9. ^ Interview with Michael H. Hart by Russell K. Neili, April 14, 2000. Contemporary Voices of White Nationalism in America, edited by Carol M. Swain and Russ Nieli, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 184–5.
  10. ^ Heidi Beirich and Mark Potok, Irreconcilable Differences, Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report, summer 2006.
  11. ^ Jonathan Tilove (2006-03-03). "White Nationalist Conference Ponders Whether Jews and Nazis Can Get Along – Forward.com". Forward. Retrieved 2009-04-08. 
  12. ^ Preserving Western Civilization: Purpose
  13. ^ Preserving Western Civilization: Speakers"
  14. ^ http://www.adl.org/civil-rights/immigration/c/racists-gather-in-maryland.html
  15. ^ http://www.washsummit.com/shop/understanding-human-history
  16. ^ http://www.washsummit.com/shop/the-newton-awards-a-history-of-genius-in-science-and-technology

External links[edit]