Michael Hodges

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Sir Michael Hodges
Born 29 September 1874
Died 3 November 1951
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1887 - 1945
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Sappho
HMS Indomitable
HMS Renown
Atlantic Fleet
Battles/wars Second Boer War
World War I
World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Member of the Royal Victorian Order

Admiral Sir Michael Henry Hodges KCB CMG MVO (29 September 1874 – 3 November 1951) was a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.

Naval career[edit]

Hodges joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in the training ship HMS Britannia in 1887.[1] In 1899, during the Second Boer War, he was landed in South Africa as a member of HMS Powerful’s Naval Brigade and sent to defend the town of Ladysmith.[1] In 1912 he became Naval Attaché in Paris.[1] He was appointed Commander of the cruiser HMS Sappho in 1905 and despatched to South Georgia to investigate the emerging whaling industry there.[2]

In World War I he commanded the battlecruiser HMS Indomitable and then the new battlecruiser HMS Renown.[1] In 1918 he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Second in Command of the Grand Fleet.[1]

After the War he was made Rear Admiral Commanding the Destroyer Flotillas of the Atlantic Fleet.[1] He became Naval Secretary in 1923,[3] Commander of the 3rd Battle Squadron in April 1925 and Commander of the 1st Battle Squadron and Second in Command of the Mediterranean Fleet in March 1926.[1] He was Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel from 1927 to 1930 when, having been promoted to full admiral in 1929,[4] he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet in 1930.[5] It was at this time that the Invergordon Mutiny took place when sailors of the Atlantic Fleet rioted over pay although Hodges was in the Royal Hospital Haslar at Gosport and therefore not directly involved in resolving the crisis.[6] He was relieved due to pleurisy and retired in 1932.[1] During World War II he was re-employed as Flag Officer in Charge in Trinidad, West Indies.[1]

In retirement he became Chairman of the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners Royal Benevolent Society.[7]

Family[edit]

In 1903 he married Frederica Rika Octavia Tiarks; they went on to have four sons and one daughter.[8]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Hugh Watson
Naval Secretary
1923–1925
Succeeded by
Hubert Brand
Preceded by
Sir Hubert Brand
Second Sea Lord
1927–1930
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Fuller
Preceded by
Sir Ernle Chatfield
Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet
1930–1931
Succeeded by
Sir John Kelly