Michael I Apafi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The native form of this personal name is Apafi Mihály. This article uses the Western name order.
Portrait of Michael Apafi by Cornelis Meyssens

Michael Apafi (1632 – 15 April 1690) was a Hungarian Prince of Transylvania.

He was elected by the nobles of Transylvania on 14 September 1661, with the support of the Ottoman Empire, as a rival to the Habsburg-backed ruler John Kemény. Kemény died in 1662 in the battle of Nagyszőllős, leaving Apafi as uncontested ruler of Transylvania.

Opposed to the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, he supported the Ottomans and Hungarian rebels until the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Vienna on 12 September 1683. Following this, Michael opened talks with Leopold and concluded a treaty with the Austrians on 27 September 1687, obtaining their recognition of his authority in Transylvania.[1]

He died at Fogaras in 1690 and was succeeded by his son Michael II Apafi.[2]

A manor house in Mălâncrav belonging to Michael I Apafi has recently been restored by The Mihai Eminescu Trust.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vico, Giambattista (2004) Statecraft : the deeds of Antonio Carafa (De rebus gestis Antonj Caraphaei) (translated and edited by Giorgio A. Pinton) P. Lang, New York, note 29, pages 413–414, ISBN 0-8204-6828-2
  2. ^ Tamás Tarján. "1690 - The Death of Michael Apafi" (in Hungarian). Rubicon. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  3. ^ http://www.mihaieminescutrust.org/content/nd_standard.asp?n=172

References[edit]

  • Kenyeres Ágnes, ed. (1967). Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon (in Hungarian). 1 A-K. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. OCLC 500204897. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
János Kemény
Prince of Transylvania
1662-1690
Succeeded by
Michael II Apafi