Michael Kelly (editor)

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Michael Kelly
Born Michael Thomas Kelly
March 17, 1957
Washington, D.C.
Died April 3, 2003(2003-04-03) (aged 46)
Outside of Baghdad, Iraq
Cause of death
War-related vehicular accident
Resting place
Mt. Auburn Cemetery
Hibiscus Path, Lot no. 10740[1]
42°22′20.7″N 71°8′44.3″W / 42.372417°N 71.145639°W / 42.372417; -71.145639
Residence Swampscott, Massachusetts, U.S.
Ethnicity Irish-American[2]
Education Gonzaga College High School
Alma mater University of New Hampshire
Occupation Journalist and author, columnist, editor
Years active 1983-2003
Known for Reporting during the Gulf Wars
Notable work(s) Martyrs' Day: Chronicles of a Small War (1993) &
Things Worth Fighting For: Collected Writings (2004)
Religion Roman Catholic[3]
Spouse(s) Madelyn (née Greenberg) Kelly; 2 children
Parents Thomas V. and Marguerite (née Lelong) Kelly
Awards Martha Albrand Award; National Magazine Awards
Website
kellyaward.com

Michael Thomas Kelly (March 17, 1957 – April 3, 2003) was an American journalist for The New York Times, a columnist for The Washington Post and The New Yorker, and a magazine editor for The New Republic, National Journal, and The Atlantic. He came to prominence through his reporting on the first Gulf War, and was well known for his political profiles and commentary, but suffered professional embarrassment for his role in the Stephen Glass scandal at The New Republic. Kelly was the first US journalist to be killed while covering the invasion of Iraq, in 2003.[4][5][6]

During a journalism career that spanned 20 years, Kelly received a number of professional awards for his book on the Gulf War and his articles, as well as for his magazine editing. In his honor, the Michael Kelly Award for journalism was established, as well as a scholarship at his alma mater.

Biography[edit]

Born in Washington, D.C.,[7] Kelly followed both of his parents into journalism.[8] His mother is Marguerite (Lelong) Kelly,[9] a columnist of "The Family Almanac" for The Washington Post, and his father is Thomas Vincent Kelly (August 2, 1923 – June 17, 2010), a political and features reporter for The Washington Star, which was formerly The Washington Daily News,[5] and later for The Washington Times.[7]

Kelly attended Gonzaga College High School and graduated in 1979 with a bachelor's degree in History from the University of New Hampshire, where he worked on the college newspaper, The New Hampshire.[5][10] He met his future wife Madelyn Greenberg, a producer at CNN and CBS News, during the 1988 presidential election while they were both assigned to the Dukakis campaign.[11][12] Later Greenberg was assigned to the Gulf War and Kelly followed, working on his own reporting project; the couple married in 1991.[2][13]

Death[edit]

Michael Kelly wanted to report on Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. For this war, the US Military embedded journalists into coalition military units and Kelly went along with this approach, as did around 600 other journalists.[6] Kelly was assigned to the same unit as ABC Nightline journalist Ted Koppel. On April 3, 2003, just a few weeks following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, US forces were 10-20 kilometers from the Baghdad International Airport and the center of Baghdad.[14] Koppel, in his preface to Things Worth Fighting For: Collected Writings, reveals that he and Kelly learned that securing the airport was the 3rd Infantry Division's mission on the night when he last saw Kelly alive.[15]

During that invasion, Kelly was traveling in a Humvee vehicle with Army Staff Sergeant Wilbert Davis, a 15-year military veteran,[16] when the vehicle was fired upon by Iraqi soldiers. The vehicle carrying Kelly and Davis veered off an embankment and into a canal below. Both men died in the accident.[11] Kelly was the first American reporter officially killed in action in Iraq.[17]

Michael Kelly was survived by his wife and two children.[7][8] His father, Thomas V. Kelly, was working on a book about his son Michael, but he died June 17, 2010 before its completion.[7] His sister Katy Kelly is a former journalist at People magazine and USA Today; she currently writes the Lucy Rose and Melonhead series of children's books, about which she says her Melonhead character was partly inspired by her brother Michael.[18] Madelyn Kelly co-authored the book A Parent's Guide to Raising Grieving Children: Rebuilding Your Family after the Death of a Loved One with Dr. Phyllis R. Silverman, an expert on childhood bereavement.[19]

Career in journalism[edit]

Michael Kelly's first media job was booking guests for ABC News and its Good Morning America television program.[8] He was a newspaper journalist for The Cincinnati Post (1983-1986), The Baltimore Sun (1986-1989) and later, after writing freelance and reporting in the first Gulf War, he worked for The New York Times (1992-1994).[5][8] While working freelance, his writing appeared in The Boston Globe and GQ and the The New Republic also published his reporting on the Persian Gulf War in 1991.[5] He was a staff writer for The New York Times Magazine. In 1994, he joined The New Yorker and wrote its "Letter From Washington" column until his departure in 1996.[5]

At that point in his career, Kelly had worked with editors like Hendrik Hertzberg at The New Republic, Robert Vare at The New York Times Magazine and Tina Brown at The New Yorker.[10][13] In 1996, Kelly became the editor of The New Republic, where his protectiveness of his staffers—along with the criticisms he leveled against publisher Martin Peretz's friend Al Gore[20] —created friction with the magazine's management and he was dismissed in less than a year as editor.[2][10][21][22]

Writer Stephen Glass had been a major contributor under Kelly's editorship; Glass was later shown to have fabricated numerous stories, and falsified his notes and other backup materials; this was publicly apologized for by The New Republic after an investigation by Kelly's successor, Charles Lane—which in turn was sparked by an expose of Glass in Forbes Online. Kelly was Glass' editor before Forbes exposed the latter's falsehoods, and he was largely supportive of Glass, even sending scathing letters to those who challenged the veracity of Glass' stories.[23]

After losing his job at The New Republic, Kelly was hired by David G. Bradley to run the National Journal. After Bradley purchased The Atlantic Monthly in 1999, he hired Kelly to run it.[24][25] The Atlantic won three National Magazine Awards under Kelly's helm[5] and two more after his death.[26]

His collected works were published posthumously as Things Worth Fighting For: Collected Writings (2004).[27]

Legacy[edit]

Kelly's legacy remains divided. On one side, he is remembered as a journalist who "stood for truth, and died for his beliefs."[28] However, he is also criticized for his vocal support for the invasion of Iraq,[29] which, when combined with his involvement in the Stephen Glass scandal, means he had the "distinction of an active role in two of the worst failures of journalism in a generation."[30] As Gawker editor Tom Scocca has stated, "It's not simply that Kelly was wrong, nor that he was wrong about important things. It's that he was aggressively, manipulatively, and smugly wrong."[31]

The Atlantic Media Company, owner of the publications for whom Kelly worked from 1997 to 2003, annually honors journalists in Kelly's name with the Michael Kelly Award. First awarded in 2003, it celebrates "the fearless pursuit and expression of truth".[32] In 2003 the University of New Hampshire, Department of English, established the Michael Kelly Memorial Scholarship Fund, which awards a sophomore or junior student "who is passionate about journalism".[33]

Michael Kelly's name, along with those of Daniel Pearl, Elizabeth Neuffer and David Bloom, was added to the National War Correspondents Memorial in Gathland State Park, Burkittsville, Maryland – to honor fallen post-9/11 journalists who covered the War on Terrorism.[34] His name is also listed on the Journalists Memorial in the Newseum in Washington, D.C.[19] Kelly was portrayed by actor Hank Azaria in the 2003 film Shattered Glass. Kelly was interred at Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.[1][9]

Notable works[edit]

Martyrs' Day: Chronicles of a Small War[edit]

Kelly won awards and accolades for his 1991 coverage of the first Gulf War. The United States military used a pool management system to organize reporters, control access, and gain favorable coverage, but Kelly opted out of that system in favor of his own independent reporting.[10] His reporting experience during Operation Desert Storm later served as the basis for his book Martyrs' Day: Chronicles of a Small War (1993). His reporting on the war for The New Republic had already won a National Magazine Award and the Overseas Press award.[35] His book received the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction in 1994.[36] Ted Koppel compared Kelly's book to journalist Michael Herr's Dispatches, saying that Kelly had captured the Gulf War in print as definitively as Herr had the Vietnam War.[15]

The New Yorker's David Remnick said Kelly's journalistic account, describing horror during war, belonged to same genre as George Orwell's Homage to Catalonia about the Spanish Civil War or Ernie Pyle's reporting during World War II.[5] Hertzberg of The New Republic said "Highway to Hell", which appeared April 1, 1991, was "most memorable"[10] and Vare of The Atlantic praised the same article for its "emotional impact."[13]

Profile of Hillary Clinton[edit]

Kelly wrote "Saint Hillary" for The New York Times Magazine in 1993.[37] In 2005, Matt Bai writing for The New York Times referred to it as "what became a famous article about Hillary Clinton" in his preface to his description.[38] Gal Beckerman[who?] referred to it as a "mocking cover story" in Columbia Journalism Review.[39]

Views[edit]

Kelly was critical of the political establishment in both political parties, as well as of the power structure in Hollywood. He authored, for instance, a critique of Ted Kennedy that ran in GQ in 1990 and was reprinted by that magazine upon Kennedy's death; he skewered Al Gore numerous times over the years. He was a supporter of U.S. military intervention during both the Clinton Administration and George W. Bush's administration. He was an outspoken critic of the anti-Iraq war movement.[40][41]

Kelly coined the term "fusion paranoia" to refer to what he considered a political convergence of both left and right-wing activists around anti-war issues and civil liberties, which he claimed were motivated by a shared belief in conspiracism or anti-government views.[42][43]

In September 2002, Kelly sharply criticized former vice president Al Gore for a speech that condemned the Bush administration's efforts to generate support for the coming invasion of Iraq. In a column in The Washington Post, Kelly wrote Gore's speech was "wretched. It was vile. It was contemptible." He said Gore's speech "was one no decent politician could have delivered" and was "bereft of anything other than taunts and jibes and embarrassingly obvious lies."[44][45] In 2013, journalist James Fallows, who had worked with Kelly and was close to him, said that Kelly's attack on Gore "was not merely wrong. It was 'dishonest, cheap, low.'" [46]

The Michael Kelly Award[edit]

The Michael Kelly Award, sponsored by the Atlantic Media Company, is awarded for "the fearless pursuit and expression of truth";[47] the prize is $25,000 for the winner and $3,000 for the runners-up.[32]

Year Winner Finalists
2004 Anthony Shadid[48] Dan Christensen; Tom Junod; John Lantigua; George Packer
2005 Nicholas D. Kristof[49] David Grann; Kim Murphy; Maximillian Potter; Elizabeth Rubin
2006 Sharon LaFraniere[50] Kurt Eichenwald; James Risen; Eric Lichtblau; Chris Rose; Cam Simpson
2007 C. J. Chivers[51] Rukmini Maria Callimachi; Jesse Hamilton; William Langewiesche; Charles Forelle, James Bandler, and Mark Maremont; Steve Stecklow
2008 Loretta Tofani[52] Kelly Kennedy; Joshua Kors; Tom Vanden Brook; Peter Eisler; Blake Morrison
2009 Ken Armstrong and Nick Perry[53] Barry Bearak; Celia W. Dugger; Richard Behar; Peter Godwin
2010 David S. Rohde[54] Ken Bensinger and Ralph Vartabedian; Sheri Fink; Jeffrey Gettleman
2011 Mandy Locke and Joseph Neff[55] Emily Bazelon; John Bowe; Jonathan M. Katz
2012 Sarah Stillman[56] Rukmini Maria Callimachi; Kathy Dobie; A.M. Sheehan and Matt Hongoltz-Hetling
2013 Brian Mockenhaupt[57] Alberto Arce; David Barboza; Michael Phillips

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Map". Mt. Auburn Cemetery. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  2. ^ a b c Wheatcroft, Geoffrey (2003-04-07). "Michael Kelly". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  3. ^ Will, George (2003-04-06). "George Will: On Journalist Michael Kelly". ABC This Week. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  4. ^ "US journalist killed in Iraq". BBC News. 2003-04-05. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Carr, David (2003-04-05). "Michael Kelly, 46, Editor And Columnist, Dies in Iraq". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  6. ^ a b Porteus, Liza (2003-04-04). "American Journalist Michael Kelly Killed in Iraq". Fox News Channel. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Washington journalist and Capitol Hill resident Thomas V. Kelly dies at 86". Washingtonpost.com. 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  8. ^ a b c d Scrivo, Karen Lee (December 1999). "Prodigious Progeny". American Journalism Review. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Michael T. Kelly obituary". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Shafer, Jack (2003-04-03). "Michael Kelly (1957-2003)". Slate. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  11. ^ a b "Obituary". The Atlantic Monthly. June 2003. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  12. ^ Dowd, Maureen (2003-04-06). "The Best Possible Life". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  13. ^ a b c Vare, Robert (April 2004). "True to His Words". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  14. ^ "US poised for Baghdad battle". BBC News. 2003-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  15. ^ a b Kelly, Michael (2004). "Introduction". In Koppel, Ted. Things Worth Fighting For. Penguin Press. p. xv. ISBN 1-59420-012-2. 
  16. ^ "Army Staff Sgt. Wilbert Davis". Military Times. 2003-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  17. ^ Scanlan, Chip (2003-04-04). "Michael Kelly's Death and Life". Poynter Institute. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  18. ^ "Special! An interview with author Katy Kelly". Books We Love from the Park Ridge Public Library Children's Staff. 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  19. ^ a b Landwehr, Steve (2008-04-08). "Five years later, Kelly family has good days and bad". The Salem News. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  20. ^ Depena, Barbara B. (2011-05-26). "Peretz faces dual legacy". Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  21. ^ Stamper, Chris (2003-04-19). "Man knows not his time". World magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  22. ^ York, Byron (2003-04-04). "A Courageous Man: Michael Kelly, R.I.P.". National Review. 
  23. ^ Bissinger, H.G. (September 1998). "Shattered Glass". Vanity Fair (magazine). Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  24. ^ Aucoin, Don (2002-07-25). "In high gear". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  25. ^ Scott Sherman (2002). "What makes a serious magazine soar?". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved August 18, 2007. 
  26. ^ Weiss, Tara (2003-05-08). "Atlantic Wins, Mourns Editor". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  27. ^ "By the editors". The Atlantic Monthly. April 2004. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  28. ^ "Remembering Michael Kelly" by Bret Stephens, The Wall Street Journal, April 1, 2013.
  29. ^ "Some Thoughts on Michael Kelly" by Ta-Nehisi Coates, The Atlantic, April 5, 2013.
  30. ^ "A Stupid Death in a Stupid War: Remembering Michael Kelly" by Tom Scocca, Gawker, April 3, 2013.
  31. ^ "A Stupid Death in a Stupid War: Remembering Michael Kelly" by Tom Scocca, Gawker, April 3, 2013.
  32. ^ a b "The Michael Kelly Award: Entry Information". Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "Michael Kelly Journalism Scholarship". Department of English, University of New Hampshire. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  34. ^ "War Correspondents Memorial". Dept. of Natural Resources, Maryland. 2003-10-01. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  35. ^ "Statement from Atlantic Media on the death of Michael Kelly". Atlantic Media. 2003-04-04. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  36. ^ "Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction Winners". PEN American Center. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  37. ^ Kelly, Michael (1993-05-23). "Saint Hillary". The New York Times Magazine. 
  38. ^ Bai, Matt (2005-10-02). "Mrs. Triangulation". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  39. ^ Beckerman, Gal (2007-11-20). "Hillary plays the game". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  40. ^ Kelly, Michael (2002-10-23). "Anti-war effort perverts liberal values". Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  41. ^ Kelly, Michael (2003-01-22). "Marching with Stalinists". Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  42. ^ Pipes, Daniel (2004-02-14). "Fusion paranoia – A new twist in conspiracy theories". The Jerusalem Post. 
  43. ^ Kelly, Michael (1995-06-19). "A Reporter at Large, "The Road to Paranoia"". The New Yorker. p. 60. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  44. ^ Timothy Noah (September 24, 2002). "Gore Is Consistent on Iraq". Slate. 
  45. ^ Michael Kelly (September 25, 2002). "Look Who's Playing Politics". The Washington Post. 
  46. ^ "Ta-Nehisi Coates and Michael Kelly" by James Fallow, The Atlantic, April 6, 2013.
  47. ^ The Michael Kelly Award
  48. ^ McLeary, Paul (2005-12-09). "Anthony Shadid on Reporting in Baghdad and Telling the Story of Ordinary Iraqis". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  49. ^ Shor, Donna (October 2005). "Around Town". Washington Life. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  50. ^ Geracimos, Ann (2006-05-21). "Journalism's human side". Washington Times. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  51. ^ "C.J. Chivers Wins Michael Kelly Award". Esquire. 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  52. ^ Strupp, Joe (2008-05-09). "Tofani of 'Salt Lake Tribune' Wins Michael Kelly Award". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  53. ^ "Seattle Times reporters honored for series on UW's 2000 football team". Seattle Times. 2009-04-09. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  54. ^ Romenesko, Jim (2010-04-19). "NYT’s Rohde wins 2010 Michael Kelly Award". Poynter.org. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  55. ^ "N&O reporters win national award for SBI series". News & Observer. 2011-04-18. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  56. ^ Rothstein, Betsy (2012-04-16). "Sarah Stillman Wins Michael Kelly Award". Media Bistro. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  57. ^ "The Living and the Dead (Excerpt)". byliner.com. "An excerpt from the Byliner Original The Living and the Dead, winner of the 2013 Michael Kelly Award and a Finalist for the National Magazine Award for Feature Writing." 

External links[edit]