Michael Kusugak

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Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak (Inuktitut: ᐊᕐᕚᕐᓗᒃ ᑯᓱᒐᖅ); born April 27, 1948 in Repulse Bay, Nunavut (then the NWT), where he spent much of his childhood. He is a storyteller and a Canadian children's writer, who tells stories about Arctic and Inuit culture.

Kusugak currently lives in Rankin Inlet and spends his winters in Bowser, BC, on Vancouver Island. He has also worked as an educational administrator for Nunavut Arctic College. Michael Kusugak grew up living a traditional, nomadic Inuit life with his family. Every night, Michael pleaded with his grandmother to tell him a story, until she eventually gave in. In this environment, Michael’s love of storytelling was born.

In 1954, a plane arrived to take Michael and many of his friends away to residential school. The following year, Michael successfully hid when the plane came to take him and his friends away again. However, he returned the following year and became one of the first Inuit in the eastern Arctic to graduate from high school. He was educated in Yellowknife, Churchill and Saskatoon.

It wasn’t until Michael had his own children that he realized that there was hardly anything written for children about life in the Arctic, so he started telling them his grandmother’s stories. In the late 1980s, Robert Munsch visited a local school and stayed in the Kusugak household. Along with Munsch as a co-author, Michael wrote his first book, A Promise is a Promise, published in 1988. Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak has been writing ever since. His books have been published in French, Korean, Japanese and Braille.[1]

All of Kusugak's books, except for T is for Territories, which is part of a non-fiction series, are illustrated by Vladyana Krykorka. Krykorka came to Toronto from Prague when the Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia. She illustrated A Promise is a Promise in 1988, and since then has been to Nunavut many times to visit, photograph and paint the land and people. She has also written and illustrated a set of her own books depicting the land and animals of the north: Arctic Land, Arctic Sea, and Arctic Sky. [2]

Ijiraq, a moon of Saturn, was named by astronomer John J. Kavelaars after encountering the term in one of Kusugak's books.

Reception[edit]

Kusugak holds a unique place in Canadian children's literature, speaking from "the in-between of cultures" and finding common ground that relates to the very different parts of Canada.[3] He is valued not only for the captivating content of his books, but also for his role as one of very few Inuit authors, and his commitment to sharing stories. Kusugak has to take stories that he naturally tells out loud in Inuktituk, and put them into writing in English. He rehearses his stories first out loud, and his books are praised for having "the well-worn feeling of an old, much-told tale".[4]

Michael Kusugak is known for his power to keep large groups of kids captivated for long periods of time with his stories. He is a storyteller, not only a writer of children's books, and spends a lot of his time telling stories to children in schools and libraries. At these events, he doesn't read his books out loud; he tells stories that he heard as a child and stories from his own life.[5] “Before books, or even reading, should come the story, says Inuit storyteller and children's author Michael Kusugak. It should be told in person, with lots of repetition, facial expressions and feedback from listeners, he says. "You can take these stories and write them down, but I think you lose something if you don't actually go and tell them".[6]

His stories stimulate interesting questions and prompt classroom discussion. They seem to have a power in their unique nature and topics. A group of teachers who introduced their classes to Kusugak's books reported that their students were keenly interested in learning more about Canada. Rich discussions were held in classrooms and the children expressed pride in being part of such a large country with diversity in geography and people. They often asked challenging questions about life in the various regions of Canada.[7]

Awards[edit]

Winner of the Ruth Schwartz Award for Children’s Literature for [Northern Lights: The Soccer Trails] in 1994.

Winner of the Vicky Metcalf Award for Children's Literature in 2008.[8]

Kusugak has also been shortlisted for many other awards [9]

Themes[edit]

Kusugak’s work reflects many of the common themes in Canadian Aboriginal children’s literature. In his books, for example, many of the heroes are strong female protagonists, girls who get themselves out of tight situations by being clever and resourceful. This is one of the ways that Aboriginal authors try to counteract the particularly harsh destruction of Aboriginal women, by European colonizers.[10] Another theme is Kusugak’s focus on home and family, and the essential role of elders, particularly grandmothers. This is common as a way for Aboriginal authors to create positive cultural associations for children, and a positive image of home, which includes ‘the land’ much more than a physical house in Kusugak’s stories. Often, his main characters are warned by a parent or grandparent about a potential danger, but don’t believe them. In the end, they learn their lesson the hard way and learn to trust the knowledge of their elders.[11] For example, in Kusugak’s first book, A Promise is a Promise, Allashua decides that her mother’s warnings about the sea ice must be wrong, and decides to go and play near the cracks in the spring ice. She is taken by creatures who live under the ice, the Qallupilluit, who crave children but have promised never to take children who are with their parents. Allashua makes a bargain with the creatures, and promises that she will bring them more children if they let her go. She gets all the way back home before freezing solid, and after her parents warm her up, she tells them what she promised. They come up with a plan and together outwit the Qallupilluit, so Allashua and all her brothers and sisters are safe.[12]

Works[edit]

Michael Kusugak has written eight picture books, one young readers’ novel, and one non-fiction picture book.

  • A Promise is a Promise (co-authored with Robert Munsch, 1989)
  • Baseball Bats for Christmas (1990)
  • Hide and Sneak (1992)
  • Northern Lights: The Soccer Trails (1993)
  • My Arctic 1,2,3 (1996)
  • Arctic Stories (1998)
  • Who Wants Rocks? (1999)
  • The Curse of the Shaman, A Marble Island Story (2006)
  • The Littlest Sled Dog (2008)
  • T is for Territories: A Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut Alphabet (2013)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.vladyana.ca/
  3. ^ [Bainbridge, J. M. (2002). The Role of Canadian Children's Literature in National Identity Formation. English Quarterly, 34(3/4). Web. 1 Feb. 2014.]
  4. ^ [Schwartz, Joanne. "Michael Kusugak: Reviving Tradition,Bridging Cultures." The Horn Book Magazine Jan.-Feb. 2009: 65+.Canadian Periodicals Index Quarterly. Web. 1 Feb. 2014.]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [Watts, Richard. "Inuit Storyteller Inspired by Kids; Children's Author Michael Kusugak Says Audience Reactions are Key to the Story." Times - Colonist. Nov 12 2011. ProQuest. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.]
  7. ^ [Bainbridge, J. M. (2002). The role of Canadian children's literature in national identity formation. English Quarterly, 34(3/4). Web. 1 Feb. 2014.]
  8. ^ Writers' Trust of Canada
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [Wolf, Doris and Paul DePasquale. “Home and Native Land: A Study of Canadian Aboriginal Picture Books by Aboriginal Authors”. Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada. Ed. Mavis Reimer. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier UP, 2008.]
  11. ^ [Wolf, Doris and Paul DePasquale. “Home and Native Land: A Study of Canadian Aboriginal Picture Books by Aboriginal Authors”. Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada. Ed. Mavis Reimer. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier UP, 2008.]
  12. ^ [4]

Ellis, Sarah. (2000). From Reader to Writer: Teaching Writing Through Classic Children’s Books. Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre

Nicholls, Liz. "Michael Kusugak's Arctic Tales Warm Kids' Hearts." CanWest News: 1. May 31, 2005. ProQuest. Web. 4 Feb. 2014

Ruurs, Magriet.”Michael Kusugak: Author Interview”. The Bookmark 5.1(2011): 30. Web. 1 Feb. 2014.

Saltman, Judith. “Canadian Children’s Literature at the Millennium” Windows and Words: A Look at Canadian Children's Literature in English. Susan-Ann Cooper, et al. Vol. 25. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2003. UBC ebrary. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

External links[edit]