|2nd Chancellor of Austria|
7 July 1920 – 21 June 1921*
|Preceded by||Karl Renner|
|Succeeded by||Johann Schober|
10 April 1864|
Adlwang, Upper Austria
|Died||21 May 1922
Waldneukirchen, Upper Austria
|Political party||Christian Social Party|
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
|*State Chancellor until 10 November 1920.|
Michael Mayr (10 April 1864 – 21 May 1922) was Chancellor of Austria in the First Austrian Republic, from November 1920 to June 1921. He was a member of the Christian Social Party, and by profession a historian.
Mayr was born in Adlwang in Upper Austria. He studied history and geography at the University of Vienna and earned a doctorate in 1890. From 1897 through 1920 he was the director of the Tyrol State Archives (Tiroler Landesarchives). In 1900 he became a Professor of Modern History at the University of Innsbruck.
Mayr's political career began under the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From 1907 to 1911 he was a member of the Reichsrat, and from 1908 to 1914 of the Landtag of Tyrol. With the breakup of the Empire at the end of World War I, Mayr was in 1919 and 1920 a delegate for the Christian Social Party to the national assembly drafting the new Constitution.
In 1920, Mayr succeeded Karl Renner as director of the state chancellery (Staatskanzler), as part of a coalition between the Christian Social Party and the Social Democratic Labor Party (SDAPÖ). In November 1920, he became Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) and Foreign Minister of the country, leading a minority government of the Christian Social Party. He resigned on 1 June 1921, in response to a referendum that was called in Styria proposing that the state leave Austria and join Germany.
He died about a year later in Waldneukirchen.
- W. Lazius als Geschichtsschreiber Österreichs, 1894 ("W. Lazius as Austrian Historian")
- "Der Generallandtag der österreichischen Erbländer in Augsburg 1525/26", in: Zeitschrift des Ferdinandeums 3(38), 1894 ("The General State Parliament of the Austrian Hereditary Lands in Augsburg, 1525-26")
- Erinnerungen an A. Hofer, 1899 ("Memories of A. Hofer")
- Die Beziehungen Deutschlands zu Italien, 1901 ("The Relations of Germany with Italy")
- Der italienische Irredentismus: Sein Entstehen und seine Entwicklung vornehmlich in Tirol, 1917 ("Italian Irredentism: Its Origins and Development Primarily in Tyrol")
- (German) "Mayr, Michael, * 1864". aeiou Encyclopedia. Verlagsgemeinschaft Österreich-Lexikon. Retrieved 2007-02-17.
- (German) "Dr. Michael Mayr". Parliament of Austria. January 2, 1990. Retrieved 2007-02-17.
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of February 17, 2007 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
|Chancellor of Austria
November 1920 -