|United States Ambassador to Russia|
January 10, 2012 – February, 2014
|Born||Michael Anthony McFaul
October 1, 1963
|Alma mater||Stanford University (B.A., M.A.)
Oxford University (Ph.D.)
McFaul is the former United States Ambassador to Russia. He resigned in February 2014 for family reasons. Prior to his nomination to the ambassadorial position, McFaul worked for the U.S. National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Russian and Eurasian Affairs. After his tenure as ambassador in Moscow, McFaul returned to Stanford University as a Professor of Political Science.
Early life and Education
He earned a B.A. in international relations and Slavic languages and an M.A. in Slavic and East European Studies from Stanford University in 1986, and spent time in the Soviet Union as a student, first the summer of 1983 studying Russian at the Leningrad State University, now Saint Petersburg State University, and then a semester in 1985 at Moscow State University. As a Rhodes Scholar, he earned a DPhil in international relations from Oxford University in 1991. He wrote his thesis on U.S. and Soviet intervention in revolutionary movements in southern Africa.
Prior to his ambassadorial appointment to Russia, McFaul's past engagement with Russian political figures included a denunciation of him in 1994 by Vladimir Zhirinovsky, a controversial member of the State Duma (the Russian parliament),[why?] and a subsequent shooting incident in which a shot was fired into McFaul's Stanford University office window. Two years later, Alexander Korzhakov, a confidante of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, invited McFaul to the Kremlin during the 1996 Russian presidential election, because of McFaul's research on electoral politics.
In his capacity as a professor of political science at Stanford University, McFaul was the director of the university's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. A Hoover Institution Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow, McFaul is a Democrat who was the architect of U.S. President Barack Obama's policy on Russia.
In 2011 Obama nominated McFaul to be United States Ambassador to Russia. On December 17, 2011, the United States Senate confirmed McFaul by unanimous consent. McFaul became only the second non-career diplomat in 30 years to be U.S. ambassador to Russia. McFaul announced his resignation from his posting to Russia on February 4, 2014, effective after the Sochi Olympics. The White House's choice of a successor has been delayed owing to the 2014 Crimean Crisis.
McFaul has been the subject of some criticism[who?]during his tenure, including when he mistakenly abbreviated the name of a Russian city on Twitter that resulted in the use of a swear word.[not in citation given]
Russian opposition visit
On January 17, soon after McFaul was appointed the new United States Ambassador to Russia and arrived in Moscow to assume his post, a number of organizers and prominent participants of the 2011 Russian protests, as well as some prominent figures of the Russian opposition parties, visited the Embassy of the United States in Moscow. On the entrance to the embassy they were encountered by TV journalists who asked them why they were visiting the new Ambassador. On the video later released on YouTube and titled "Получение инструкций в посольстве США" (Receiving instructions in the Embassy of the United States) opposition activists appear flustered by the unexpected media attention. Later, when upon leaving the embassy and once again being encircled by journalists, the activists responded by declaring the journalists spreaders of "Surkovian propaganda" and made no other statement. The visitors to Michael McFaul included: Yevgeniya Chirikova (member of Strategy-31 and Khimki forest activist leader), Boris Nemtsov (leader of the People's Freedom Party), Lev Ponomarev (human rights activist of the Moscow Helsinki Group), Sergey Mitrokhin (leader of Yabloko party), Oksana Dmitriyeva (deputy head of A Just Russia), Lilia Shibanova (head of the GOLOS Association elections monitor group). Two weeks later, journalist Olga Romanova who managed the financial spending of the December protests, also visited the American Embassy. She said that they discussed Russian protests and the United States Presidential election campaign with McFaul.
Reaction to the incident was mixed: President Dmitry Medvedev in his public comments at Moscow State University largely exonerated McFaul by saying that meeting with opposition figures was a routine occurrence, although he warned the new U.S. ambassador to Moscow that he is on Russian soil and should respect Russian political sensibilities. The incident sparked a highly negative reaction in the Russian media[which?] and blogs.[which?] but an article in the Daily Beast wrote that McFaul's stance won plaudits from pro-democracy activists and Web-savvy Russian youth and that, "in the tight-knit world of Moscow’s opposition, McFaul has become something of an Internet celebrity, making him a true 21st-century diplomat".
Coit D. Blacker called McFaul, "the leading scholar of his generation, maybe the leading scholar, on post-Communist Russia" and a Stanford news release noted how his knowledge of Russia "was an important resource to politicians and where he recently advised President George W. Bush on his dealings with Russian President Vladimir Putin". An article in Russia Profile also called McFaul one of the leading U.S. experts in democracy and democratic transitions. An article in the Daily Beast described McFaul as, "an earnest Stanford academic".
- U.S. Public Records Index Vol 1 & 2 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2010.
- "Michael McFaul". Center for Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Ioffe, Julia (May 30, 2012). "The Undiplomat". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Meredith Alexander (November 27, 2001). "Stanford political scientist Michael McFaul takes a revolutionary new look at Russian politics" (Press release). Stanford University. Archived from the original on July 27, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Baker, Peter (May 29, 2011). "Policy Adviser to Become U.S. Ambassador to Russia". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 29, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Аналитическая программа "Однако" с Михаилом Леонтьевым" (in Russian). Channel One. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012.
- http://www.senate.gov/galleries/pdcl/index.htm[dead link]
- Andrew Roth (February 4, 2014). "U.S. Ambassador to Russia Resigns". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 4, 2014.
- Michael Weiss (February 5, 2014). "No More Mr. Nice Guy". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on February 7, 2014.
- James W. Carden (February 6, 2014). "The Fall of McFaul". The National Interest. Archived from the original on February 8, 2014.
- "Получение инструкций в посольстве США" [Receiving instructions at the US Embassy] (in Russian). Vzglyad. January 17, 2012. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Получение инструкций в посольстве США
- "Романова: С Макфолом обсудили «бунты рассерженных горожан»" [Romanova: McFaul explained «riots by disgruntled citizens»] (in Russian). Vzglyad. January 30, 2012. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Russia Profile Weekly Experts Panel: United States Looms Large in Russian Elections russiaprofile.org
- Nemtsova, Anna (Jun 18, 2012). "Michael McFaul: America’s Man In Russia". Daily Beast.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Michael McFaul.|
- Biography at Stanford University Department of Political Science
- Biography at Stanford Center for Democracy Development and the Rule of Law
- Biography at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
- Overview of the Michael McFaul collection at the Hoover Institution Archives
- McFaul's proposal for a "third way" solution on what to do about Iran in the Boston Review
- Michael McFaul on Twitter
- Michael McFaul at LiveJournal