Michael Polanyi Center
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (April 2011)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2011)|
|Michael Polanyi Center|
The Center's logo
|Type||Religious research for Baylor University|
|Legal status||Merged with Baylor Institute for Faith and Learning|
|Headquarters||Waco, Texas, USA|
|Last Director||Bruce L. Gordon|
The Michael Polanyi Center (MPC) at Baylor University was the first center at a research university exclusively dedicated to intelligent design study. It was founded in 1999 "with the primary aim of advancing the understanding of the sciences," in a religious context and is named for Michael Polanyi. All of the center's research investigated the subject of intelligent design. The center was relegated in late 2000 to a minor program within the Baylor Institute for Faith and Learning and fully dissolved in 2003.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2011)|
Baylor University was founded in 1845 by the Republic of Texas (before Texas Statehood) in Waco, Texas as a Baptist University. Baylor also developed into a research university with a reputable science department.
A new Baylor president, Robert B. Sloan was appointed in 1995. Sloan, a New Testament Scholar with a doctorate in theology from the University of Basel, proposed to return the school to its mission of integrating academic excellence and Christian commitment. As a result, the Baylor Institute for Faith and Learning (IFL) was established in 1997.
Baylor ought to be the kind of place where a student can ask a question and not just get the runaround. He shouldn't have to go to the theology department and be told, "Oh, that's a scientific question. Don't ask me that." And then the student goes to the science department and they tell him, "That's a religious question. Don't ask me that."[this quote needs a citation]
In 1998 Sloan read an article by mathematician, philosopher and intelligent design advocate William Dembski and was impressed. Sloan invited Dembski to the IFL, whose director Michael Beaty was also impressed by his work and credentials. They learned of Dembski's wish to establish an intelligent design research center. As a result in October 1999, Baylor's Michael Polanyi Center was quietly established separately from the IFL and without reference to science academics. Dembski named it after the Hungarian scientist and philosopher of science Michael Polanyi (1891 — 1976). Dembski appointed Bruce L. Gordon as his deputy.
The MPC website stated:
The Michael Polanyi Center (MPC) is a cross-disciplinary research and educational initiative focused on advancing the understanding of science. It has a fourfold purpose: (1) to support and pursue research in the history and conceptual foundations of the natural and social sciences; (2) to study the impact of contemporary science on the humanities and the arts; (3) to be an active participant in the growing dialogue between science and religion; and (4) to pursue the mathematical development and empirical application of design-theoretic concepts in the natural sciences.
"The Nature of Nature"
Between April 12 and April 15, 2000 the Center held a conference entitled "The Nature of Nature," jointly sponsored by the Discovery Institute and the John Templeton Foundation. Critics of intelligent design within the scientific community were split as to whether to attend. They thought that the conference might give ID more academic credibility, something it lacks, and that it would be used for propaganda by the ID movement and the Christian press. Nevertheless, the conference attracted a variety of scientists, theologians and philosophers, including Alan Guth, John Searle, Christian de Duve, and Nobel Prize-winner Steven Weinberg. Some who attended donated their speaking fees to the National Center for Science Education.
The conference brought things to a head[clarification needed] and, as a result, on April 18 the Faculty Senate voted 27-2 for the center to be abolished. This call was rejected by Sloan on April 20, who commented:
- I believe there are matters of intellectual and academic integrity at stake here … We should not be afraid to ask questions, even if they are politically incorrect[this quote needs a citation]
A compromise was later reached to form an independent committee to review the center, consisting of eight faculty members from across the country to be chaired by the Professor of Philosophy William F. Cooper.
The committee met between September 8 and September 10. On October 17 the committee released its report. Although it recommended that there should be a place for the study of intelligent design, it recommended that the center be renamed and reconstituted within Baylor's Institute for Faith and Learning. This was seen as a compromise between the two sides and an attempt to defuse the row that had developed.
Center moved and renamed
On October 18 Dembski responded to the report with a press release/email:
The report marks the triumph of intelligent design as a legitimate form of academic inquiry. This is a great day for academic freedom. I'm deeply grateful to President Sloan and Baylor University for making this possible, as well as to the peer review committee for its unqualified affirmation of my own work on intelligent design. The scope of the Center will be expanded to embrace a broader set of conceptual issues at the intersection of science and religion, and the Center will therefore receive a new name to reflect this expanded vision. My work on intelligent design will continue unabated. Dogmatic opponents of design who demanded the Center be shut down have met their Waterloo. Baylor University is to be commended for remaining strong in the face of intolerant assaults on freedom of thought and expression.
Sloan asked Dembski to retract this press release, feeling that it was an unnecessary escalation of the argument and not collegial, but Dembski refused. On October 19, Dembski was removed as director of the center, though he remained an associate professor. He was replaced by his deputy, Bruce L. Gordon.
Dembski responded with another press release: "Baylor University President Robert Sloan has removed me as director of the Michael Polanyi Center despite his having personally solicited me to come to Baylor and establish the Center as a means of furthering work on intelligent design. Some Baylor faculty have exerted enormous pressure on Baylor to disassociate the university from me and my research. Earlier President Sloan had properly characterized these efforts as 'intellectual McCarthyism.'"[this quote needs a citation] Critics suggested that Dembski deliberately provoked his employers in order to be fired and then be able to claim he was being witch-hunted.
The recommendations of the committee were carried out and the center was renamed Program in Science, Philosophy and Religion. Dembski never taught a course at Baylor. Dembski left Baylor on May 31, 2005, to take up a new position at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky as Carl F. H. Henry Professor of Theology and Science. After a year teaching in Louisville, he took a position at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas as Research Professor in Philosophy, where he remains to this day.
- "The External Review Committee Report, Baylor University". 2000-10-16. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
- Founders Day, Baylor University
- "Baylor University - About Baylor - Robert B. Sloan, Jr.". Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- Michael Polanyi at the Wayback Machine (archived August 16, 2000)
- Phy-Olsen, Allene (2010). Evolution, Creationism, and Intelligent Design. Westport: Greenwood. pp. 70–71. ISBN 0-313-37841-X.
- Michael Polanyi Center at the Wayback Machine (archived August 16, 2000)
- A copy of Dembski's first press release
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (April 2011)|
Baylor press releases
- President Sloan Addresses Polanyi Center Issue, April 20, 2000
- Baylor Releases Polanyi Center Committee Report, October 17, 2000
- Dembski Relieved Of Duties As Polanyi Center Director, October 19, 2000
Lariat news items
(The Lariat is the Baylor campus newspaper)
- Archive of news stories
- Professors debate legitimacy of Polanyi
- BU science-religion center draws critics
- committee suggests compromise by Blair Martin
- Polanyi official's e-mail concerns some faculty (sic): Center director issues statement vowing research to 'continue unabated' By Blair Martin date?
- Polyani Center's future is unclear: Director's removal arises from e-mail By Blair Martin date?
- Baylor University Faculty Senate
- Statement by William Dembski on his removal as Directory of the Michael Polanyi Center at Baylor University
- Intelligent Design Coming Clean an essay by Dembski, November 17, 2000.
- On The Nature of Nature conference:
- On the end of the center:
- The Lynching of Bill Dembski (part 1) (part 2) from the American Spectator, November 2000.
- Unintelligent Designs: Baylor's dismissal of Polyani Center director Dembski was not a smart move in Christianity Today
- Statement of the Cranach Institute Protesting the Removal of William Dembski as Director of the Michael Polanyi Center at Baylor University
- NCSE on Center
- Polanyi Scholarship and the Former Baylor Polanyi Center by Richard Gelwick.