Michael J. Sandy (October 12, 1977 – October 13, 2006) was an African-American man from Brooklyn, New York, who died after being hit by a car while trying to escape four attackers who attempted to rob him because he was gay.
On the night of October 8, 2006, Sandy met Anthony Fortunato, 20, in an online gay chatroom and engaged in a chat with him. With Fortunato was John Fox, 19. After exchanging emails about having sex, Fortunato arranged to meet Sandy at Plumb Beach, a rest stop and popular cruising location on Belt Parkway in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn. The meeting took about an hour to arrange. Fox and Fortunato then departed for Plumb Beach with friends Ilya Shurov, 20, and Gary Timmons, 17.
Shortly after Sandy arrived, witnesses saw two young white men approaching his car. At that time, Sandy was confronted by two of the young men, who began looking through his vehicle. Shurov pulled Sandy from the car and began punching him. At about 9:45 p.m., at least four witnesses saw four white men assaulting a black man.
Attempting to escape, Sandy ran toward the highway. He appeared to be calling for help on his cell phone. Two of his attackers caught up with him in the right lane of the highway. Shurov pursued Sandy across the guard rail, caught up with him in the right lane, and punched him. Sandy backpedaled into the middle lane, and was struck. One of the attackers dragged Sandy back to the side of the road. Shurov was seen rifling through Sandy's pockets after he was struck.
Following the attack, police got their first lead in the case from Sandy's computer, which was still running the day after. Investigators examined the hard drive. The found exchanges with the AOL screen name "fisheyefox," traced the IP address, and learned that the screen name belonged to Fox.
Investigators visited Fox's home at 11:00 p.m., and Fox's father directed them to SUNY Maritime College, where Fox was a sophomore. Investigators arrived at the college at 2:00 a.m. and asked Fox to come to the 61st Precinct, where they began interviewing him at 2:52 a.m. During his interview, Fox made statements implicating himself, Shurov, Fortunato, and Timmons in the attack on Sandy. Fox also gave two videotaped statements. He identified Shurov as "that Russian kid," but identified him when police took a picture of Shurov from Fox's MySpace page. A detective compared Shurov's picture to mug shots of young men arrested in the 61st precinct, and found a match. Detectives went to Shurov's home and asked him to come to the 60th Precinct police station for an interview. Shurov arrived at the 60th Precinct station at about 8:00 p.m. on October 10. He was read his Miranda rights and later gave statements implicating himself in the crime. Shown a news report about the attack, Shurov disputed the details of the report. At 1:00 a.m. on October 11, Shurov dictated a written statement, and made a videotaped statement at 10:20 p.m. on the same day. Witnesses picked Fox and Shurov out of line-ups and identified them as having been at the scene, attempting to grab Sandy.
Timmons was arrested on October 11. Fortunato was implicated by statements from Shurov and Fox, and surrendered to police on October 25. Fortunato's family raised $1.3 million in hopes he would be granted bail. Bail, however was denied. The suspects were held at Rikers Island without bail.
Unconscious and suffering possible brain injuries, Sandy was taken to Brookdale Hospital, where he was placed on a respirator and remained in a vegetative state. Sandy remained on life support for five days, without regaining consciousness. He died on October 13, 2006, one day after his 29th birthday, when his family made the decision to remove life support.
Following Sandy's death, Fox, Fortunato and Shurov were indicted on October 25, 2006 on charges of second degree murder as a hate crime and attempted robbery as a hate crime. The three also faced possible charges of manslaughter as a hate crime, and faced potential sentences of 25 years to life in prison.
During questioning after arrest, the suspects made statements indicating that they had used the internet to lure gay men in the past. According news reports, the attackers told police that they thought gay men would be easier to rob.
On April 24, 2007, the taped statements by Fox and Timmons were played in court, in order to determine their admissibility at trial. In his statement, he said that he had been drinking beer at Fortunato's house, while Fortunato looked online for gay men to rob, and that Fortunato had said, "It was the easiest way to make money."
On August 3, 2007, Judge Konviser ruled that Fox, Fortunato, and Shurov could be charged with hate crimes in Sandy's death. In her written statement, Judge Konsiver said that prosecutors only need to show that Sandy was chosen because of his sexual orientation, under the state's Hate Crimes Act of 2000.
Sandy's death also brought back to public attention the death of Michael Griffith, an African American man who was killed after being hit by a car in Howard Beach, Queens, New York, while trying to escape a group of attackers.
Trial and sentencing
In a New York State trial courtroom, the Brooklyn Supreme Court (located in Brooklyn, NY), jury selection started on September 10, 2007 for the trial of Anthony Fortunato and John Fox, two of the four men accused of chasing Michael Sandy to his death in October 2006. They were charged with two counts of second-degree murder, one as a hate crime, four counts of attempted robbery with two as hate crimes, two manslaughter counts, one as a hate crime, and two assault counts, one as a hate crime. The third man, Ilya Shurov, was to be tried separately at a future date on the same charges. The fourth, Gary Timmons, had already pleaded guilty in 2006 to the reduced crime of attempted robbery as a hate crime in return for testifying as a prosecution witness.
In the opening arguments on Monday, September 17, 2007, Gerald Di Chiara, the lawyer for one of the defendants, Anthony Fortunato, announced that his client was also gay. Chiara also said that Fortunato had planned on telling his friends that he was gay the night the attack occurred, and that luring Michael Sandy to Sheepshead Bay for sex was part of that plan. Di Chiara also claimed that the prosecution's witness, Gary Timmons, one of the four men who were accused of attacking Sandy, was also gay. The lawyers for both defendants argued that no robbery had taken place.
On Friday, October 5, 2007, a jury came back with a verdict of guilty against John Fox, Jr. on the charges of Manslaughter, Attempted Robbery in the Second Degree, and Attempted Robbery in the First Degree. All counts were as hate crimes. The prison times Fox faced ranged from 5 to 50 years.
On October 11, 2007, Anthony Fortunato, the third defendant, was found guilty of manslaughter as a hate crime for his role in the death of Michael Sandy. He was also convicted of attempted petty larceny, but acquitted of attempted robbery. After the verdict, jurors criticized the application of the hate crime law as inappropriate in this case. In the trial, Fortunato had claimed he was gay and based on that claim, his lawyer asked that the hate crime charges be dismissed, but the judge ruled that the charges would stand. Three older gay men testified that they had sex with Fortunato on separate occasions before the attack against Sandy occurred in October 2006.
On November 5, 2007, Ilya Shurov, 21, the fourth and last defendant in the Michael Sandy case, pleaded guilty to manslaughter and attempted robbery as hate crimes on the day his trial was to have started. As part of the plea bargain, the charge of felony murder as a hate crime was dropped. Shurov agreed to serve 17.5 years for his guilty plea. If he had been found guilty of felony murder as a hate crime, it could have resulted in a life sentence. Shurov was the only defendant accused of physical violence against Michael Sandy.
Three of the four men were sentenced on November 20, 2007 for their role in causing the death of Michael Sandy in 2006. They received the following sentences from Justice Jill Konviser-Levine of State Supreme Court in Brooklyn, NY: Anthony Fortunato (21), 7 to 21 years. For the lure, John Fox (20), 13 to 21 years. And for the aggressor, Ilya Shurov (21), 17½ years. Each of those received slightly less than the maximum sentence. Gary Timmons (17), who in a plea bargain made the previous year, testified as a prosecution witnesses during the trial against John Fox and Anthony Fortunato, and he was to be sentenced to four years at a later date. Michael Sandy's attorney was Tarsha C. Smith.
- Jamie Schram; Dan Mangan (2006-10-10). "Gay 'Bias' Victim Clinging to Life". The New York Post. Retrieved 2007-08-15.[dead link]
- Katz, Nancie L. (2007-04-25). "Suspect sought 'gay guys to rob'". The New York Daily News. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Wilcox, Barbara (2007-04-25). "Court hears confession in Sandy slaying". The Advocate (Gay.Com). Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Doyle, John; Larry Celona; Erika Martinez (2006-10-12). "'Gay Bash' Hate Charges". The New York Post. Retrieved 2007-08-15.[dead link]
- "Four Arrested in Attack that Left Gay Man Clinging to Life". Gay365.Com. 2006-10-11. Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Shoffman, Marc (2006-10-16). "Gay bashing victim dies". Pink News. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Osborne, Duncan (2007-05-10). "Deadly Attack, Quickly Solved". Gay City News. Retrieved 2007-08-15.[dead link]
- "Bail denied defendant in Brooklyn slaying". The Advocate (Gay.Com). 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Delgiannakis, Tatiana (2006-10-14). "Now It's Murder: Gay Bash Victim dies". The New York Post. Retrieved 2007-08-16.[dead link]
- "Gay man dies in suspected hate crime in New York City, taken off life support". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Osborne, Duncan (2006-10-26). "Indictments Handed Down in Michael Sandy Murder". Gay City News. Retrieved 2007-08-16.[dead link]
- Osborne, Duncan (2007-05-24). "A Tough Homicie Rap to Beat". Gay City News. Retrieved 2007-08-16.[dead link]
- Brick, Michael (2007-04-25). "Defendants, on Video, Point Fingers in Death of Gay Man". The New York times. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Katz, Nancie L. (2007-08-03). "Gay-slay suspects can't beat hate rap". The New York Daily News. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Brick, Michael (2007-08-03). "Hate Not Required For Hate Crime in Gay Man's Death, Judge Rules". The New York times. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Brick, Michael (2007-09-18). "Lawyer Claims Defendant in Hate Crime Is Gay, Too". The New York Times (The New York Times). Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- "Lawyer for NYC man charged hate crime says client is gay". Newsday. Associated Press. 2007-09-18. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- Osborne, Duncan (2007-09-13). "DA's Case Emerges in Sandy Murder". Gay City News. Retrieved 2007-09-18.[dead link]
- Brick, Michael (2007-10-06). "Conviction in Death of Gay Man in Traffic". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Brick, Michael (2007-10-12). "To the Jury’s Regret, a Hate Crime Conviction". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Brick, Michael (2007-11-06). "Last Defendant Is Guilty in Attack on a Gay Man". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Brick, Michael (2007-11-21). "Three Sentenced in Death of Gay Man". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
- Shifrel, Scott (2007-11-21). "Three who killed Michael Sandy get near-maximum sentence for hate crime". The Daily News. Retrieved 2007-11-21.