World War II portrait
June 10, 1898|
Épinay-sur-Seine, Eure, France
|Died||July 16, 1993
Ganges, Hérault, France
|Gorniès, Hérault, France
|Occupation||French wartime resister|
|Organization||Réseau AGIR, French Resistance|
|Known for||Investigation of the V-1 flying bomb facilities in Northern France during World War II|
|Children||Francine, Florian ( former conductor of the Orchestre symphonique de la région Centre) and Vincent|
His contribution was recognised by the British by the award of the Distinguished Service Order for having "reconnoitered a number of heavily guarded V-1 sites and reported on them". Hollard's efforts included 49 trips smuggling reports to a British attaché in Switzerland.
Initially serving in World War I, Hollard subsequently became an engineer and was employed by Maison Gazogène Autobloc, a manufacturer of wood gas generators. Hollard founded AGIR in 1941.
Following his capture in February 1944, he was tortured and imprisoned first at Fresnes Prison and in June 1944 as a forced laborer at the main Neuengamme concentration camp (prisoner "F 33,948"). In 1945, as a result of Swedish intervention Hollard was one of a group of prisoners transferred to the ship Magdalena after being evacuated on April 20 on the prison ship Thielbek. The Thielbek was sunk on May 3 by a Royal Air Force attack on German shipping.
After the war, Hollard "was given the rank of Colonel" and, despite the V-1's destruction of over 80,000 English houses between June and September 1944, Sir Brian Horrocks called him "the man who literally saved London".
- "Michel Hollard: Heros de la Resistance" (in French). Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "What happened to Michael Hollard, the man who saved London". TheAnswerBank.co.uk. 18 June 2001. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Florian Hollard (2005), Michel Hollard: le Français qui a sauvé Londres (in French), Le cherche midi, p. 214,
- "Profile: WWII spy Michel Hollard". BBC.co.uk. 27 April 2004. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Lee, Bruce (2001). Marching orders: the untold story of World War II (Google Books). p. 226. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Eurostar tribute to WWII hero". BBC News. 27 April 2004. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- Martelli, George (1961) [1960 Agent extraordinaire (French)]. The man who saved London: the story of Michel Hollard, D.S.O., Croix de Guerre. Odhams Press. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- Hollard, Florian (2005). Michel Hollard: le Français qui a sauvé Londres (French). Le cherche midi. ISBN 978-2-7491-0387-7
- Foot, M. R. D. (25 August 1993). "Obituary: Michel Hollard". The Independent. Retrieved 8 July 2011.