World War II portrait
June 10, 1898|
Épinay-sur-Seine, Eure, France
|Died||July 16, 1993
Ganges, Hérault, France
|Gorniès, Hérault, France
|Occupation||French wartime resister|
|Organization||Réseau AGIR, French Resistance|
|Known for||Investigation of the V-1 flying bomb facilities in Northern France during World War II|
|Children||Francine, Florian ( former conductor of the Orchestre symphonique de la région Centre) and Vincent|
His contribution was recognised by the British with the award of the Distinguished Service Order having "reconnoitered a number of heavily guarded V1 sites and reported on them". Hollard's efforts included 49 trips smuggling reports to a British attache in Switzerland.
Initially serving in World War I, Hollard subsequently became an engineer and was employed by Maison Gazogène Autobloc, a manufacturer of wood gas generators. Hollard founded the AGIR in 1941.
Following his capture in February 1944, he was tortured and imprisoned first at Fresnes Prison and in June 1944 as a forced laborer at the main Neuengamme concentration camp (prisoner "F 33,948"). In 1945, as a result of Swedish intervention Hollard had been one of a group of prisoners transferred to the ship Magdalena after being evacuated on April 20 via the prison ship Thielbek. The Thielbek was sunk on May 3 by a Royal Air Force attack on German shipping.
Post-war, Hollard "was given the rank of Colonel" and, despite the V-1's destruction of over 80,000 English houses through September 1944, Sir Brian Horrocks called him "the man who literally saved London".
- "Michel Hollard: Heros de la Resistance" (in French). Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "What happened to Michael Hollard, the man who saved London". TheAnswerBank.co.uk. 18 June 2001. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Florian Hollard (2005), Michel Hollard: le Français qui a sauvé Londres (in French), Le cherche midi, p. 214,
- "Profile: WWII spy Michel Hollard". BBC.co.uk. 27 April 2004. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Lee, Bruce (2001). Marching orders: the untold story of World War II (Google Books). p. 226. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Eurostar tribute to WWII hero". BBC News. 27 April 2004. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- Martelli, George (1961) [1960 Agent extraordinaire (French)]. The man who saved London: the story of Michel Hollard, D.S.O., Croix de Guerre. Odhams Press. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- Hollard, Florian (2005). Michel Hollard: le Français qui a sauvé Londres (French). Le cherche midi. ISBN 978-2-7491-0387-7
- Foot, M. R. D. (25 August 1993). "Obituary: Michel Hollard". The Independent. Retrieved 8 July 2011.