His best-known work is the play Lilies, which was produced as the movie Lilies by John Greyson. His play The Madonna Painter (Le Peintre des madones) has been translated into English and in 2010 was being performed in Canadian venues and receiving favorable reviews. It premiered in Toronto at the Factory Theatre, November 19, 2009.
His other plays have included The Coronation Voyage (Le voyage du Couronnement), The Orphan Muses (Les Muses orphelines), Down Dangerous Passes Road (Le chemin des Passes-dangereuses), Written on Water (Les manuscrits du déluge) and Tom at the Farm (Tom à la ferme). Film director and screenwriter Xavier Dolan's 2013 film Tom at the Farm is an adaptation of Bouchard's play.