Michele di Pietro

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Styles of
Michele di Pietro
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See

Albano

Porto-Santa-Rufina (suburbicarian see)

Michele di Pietro J.U.D. (18 January 1747 – 2 July 1821) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary, Prefect of the Congregation of Propaganda Fide. He was an uncle of Cardinal Camillo di Pietro.

Biography[edit]

Michele di Pietro was born in Albano Laziale, outside Rome. He was educated at the Seminary of Albano, and the La Sapienza University in Rome where he received a doctorate in utroque iure (in both canon and civil law) on 4 June 1768.

He was ordained on 28 October 1771. He served as a Professor of civil and canon law at the University of Rome and as a lecturer of theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He also served as a consultor of the Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition and of the Congregation of the Index. It was around this time he was created Privy chamberlain of His Holiness.

He was appointed as titular bishop of Isauriopoli on 21 February 1794 by Pope Pius VI. He was consecrated three days later in Frascati, by Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart. He served as Apostolic delegate of Rome while there was no Vicar-General for 1798. He was promoted to the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem on 22 December 1800.

He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Via, but only in pectore, in the consistory of 23 February 1801. This was published in the consistory of 9 August 1802. He was appointed Prefect of the Congregation of Propaganda Fide on 24 May 1805, in addition to his duties in Jerusalem. He held the post until 20 May 1814. He was taken to France together with Cardinal Ercole Consalvi in December 1809 and banished to Semur for not attending Napoleon's wedding with Maria Louise. He was imprisoned in the fortress of Vincennes at the end of 1810 for sending the papal order to the clergy of Paris not to recognise Jean-Siffrein Maury as Archbishop of Paris. He was appointed Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary ad interim in 1811, holding the post until 1814. He was freed in January 1813, and arrested again in April. He was considered responsible, together with Bartolomeo Pacca, for Pope Pius VII's retraction of his agreement with Napoleon. One of the most distinguished "black cardinals" (prohibited by Napoleon to wear red cardinalitial habit). He was made full Major Penitentiary in 1814. He opted for the order of bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano in 1816. He was appointed Prefect of the Congregation of the Index in 1818. He opted for the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina in 1820. He died in July 1821. His funeral took place on 5 July 1821 and he is buried in the cathedral of Albano.

External links[edit]


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Georgius Maria Lascaris
Patriarch of Jerusalem
22 December 1800–2 July 1821
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria Fenzi
Preceded by
Antonio Dugnani
Prefect of the Congregation of Propaganda Fide
24 May 1805–20 May 1814
Succeeded by
Lorenzo Litta
Preceded by
Leonardo Antonelli
Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
20 May 1814–2 July 1821
Succeeded by
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni
Preceded by
Luigi Valenti Gonzaga
Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
8 March 1816–29 May 1820
Succeeded by
Pietro Francesco Galeffi
Preceded by
Giulio Maria della Somaglia
Cardinal-Bishop of Porto-Santa-Rufina
29 May 1820–2 July 1821
Succeeded by
Bartolomeo Pacca