Michelsen Farmstead

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Michelsen Farmstead
Michelsen Farmstead.jpg
The restored Michelsen Farmstead.
General information
Architectural style Victorian
Town or city 2nd Ave. & 6th St. Stirling, Alberta
Country Canada
Coordinates 49°29′53″N 112°31′30″W / 49.498°N 112.525°W / 49.498; -112.525
Construction started 1904
Completed 1912
Demolished Provincial Historic Site
Museum
Client Stirling Historical Society
Technical details
Structural system Wood

The Andreas Michelsen Farmstead, originally built in 1902 by Andreas himself as a two room house. In 1912 the house was added onto, to make 7 rooms in total, little has changed since. The homestead consists of a 1.5 storey Victorian style farmhouse with wraparound porch, various outbuildings; including a barn, granary, calving shed, coal shed, machine shed, corrals and pens, and an outhouse; and landscape elements such as a dugout, cistern and filter, storage cellar, and garden. Located at the corner of 2nd Ave. & 6th Street, on the west half of four blocks in the northwest corner of the National Historic Site of Stirling, Alberta.[1]

The home remained in the Michelsen family until 1995 when the village in partnership with the Stirling Historical Society bought the homestead to turn into an interpretative center. In 2001 the homestead was registered as a Provincial Historic Resource and added to the Alberta Register of Historic Places.[2] The Stirling Historical Society has since restored the property back to its original 19th century style and the farmstead is now a museum, depicting life as it was from 1900-1930s. Each summer the Historical Society holds day-camps for children and an old fashioned harvest dance which is held on the grounds of the Michelsen Farmstead every October.

History[edit]

From the very beginning it was clear that the new settlement of Stirling was expected to be economically self-sufficient. Allotment of 2.5 acre building plots were designed specifically so the individual owners could provide their own food. Equally important, but sometimes overlooked, was the expectation that the newly established village should be a community in the fullest sense. This must of course, include cultural outlets to relieve the monotony of daily labour.

The ability to provide for themselves culturally as well as physically, contributed to the strength and self-reliance that was a sustaining force for Stirling throughout the years.

Entertainment at the turn of the century had to be locally provided, for travel was slow and difficult. House parties were the norm for the early settlers. Friends would gather at various homes for visiting, card playing, or spontaneous music. Locals would play the bones for rhythm, or the violin for a quick dance, others were known for singing.

The Michelsen home was a favorite gathering place for many years, and the family hosted my dances typical of those house parties. Though by today’s standards the space was limited, moving furniture and rolling back rugs in the parlor and dining rooms created enough room to dance one square. The fiddler would lean against the doorway between the two rooms and play whatever the dancers desired. If the group was larger and the weather was good, the dancers were moved to the loft of the barn. Michelsen barn dances were popular for more than 75 years.

As the time went on, the dayliner to Lethbridge offered new opportunities to the residents of Stirling and the surrounding area. But the Michelsen Farmstead remained a favorite gathering place – though its focus had changed slightly. Farmers from the surrounding area would often drive their teams to Stirling. They would then catch the train to Lethbridge leaving their team and wagon at the Michelsen farm, sometimes for several days.

The popularity of the farm was not restricted to the adults. Youngsters found the hay loft to be a perfect place to “sleepover” and the young Michelsen boys carried on endless “Cops and Robbers” shoot outs with their friends. The Michelsen boys were the preferred “bad guys” in these games. This latter activity was a source of great concern to one neighbour who predicted a dark future for young boys who spent so much of their time in such “unlawful play”. It is one of life’s little ironies that Glen Michelsen was the first Stirling native son to join the RCMP and two of his three brothers followed his example by making law enforcement their career.

The continued importance of the Michelsen Farmstead can still be seen today even though no Michelsens now reside in the home. In 2001 the Andreas Michelsen Homestead was declared a Provincial Historic Resource with the house and outbuildings restored to the period of the 1930s.

The Michelsens' Family[edit]

Andreas Michelsen was born in Sleth, Denmark September 20, 1857, and his wife Kirsten Marie, born in Aarhus, Denmark April 3, 1854. They had a large family of four boys and four girls. The oldest daughter, Lena, born October 8, 1880 in Denmark.

The Michelsens' joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Around 1882, as was common at the time, in order to be closer to the Church, Andreas, Kirsten, and Lena immigrated to Monroe, Utah. They had seven more children in Monroe.

In 1900 the Church of Latter Day Saints called on its people to move to Alberta, where land was sparse but arid and dry. Andreas and Kirstin took their two oldest children by train to Stirling, Alberta. Andreas was at first hesitant about permanently moving to Stirling but his four sons saw the opportunities the area had to offer. It was than decided that Stirling was a good choice for the family so the four of them headed back to Utah to gathered the rest of their family and belongings. In 1901 Stirling was now called their new home.

Shortly after arriving, Andreas and his sons were hired by the LDS Church on the construction of the canal from Kimball, Alberta to the Stirling Siding. The family first lived in a small tent between Cardston and Magrath called Pot Hole Coulee, once the canal was finished the family moved to their land in Stirling. The Michelsens' officially acquired their land in and around Stirling from the Church in 1904 for the work done on the Canal. In 1902 a small two room house was built on this parcel of land which was later added onto by a local carpenter, George Oler in 1912. Andreas was very active in church and community affairs and was a part of the Stirling Town Council for a year in 1909, and than again in 1913-1914.

Andreas and his four sons; Niels, Sirn, Dan, and Drace farmed and raised cattle around the Stirling district as well as Wrentham by horses until tractors were invented. By than they had their very own Threshing machine.

Andreas (Drace) Niels, and Dan played basketball in Stirling and won champions for several years. Lena had married James Austin and had a son living in Cardston, then Kalispell, Montana. She married for a second time to Sam Lessard. Andreas (Drace) was never married, Annie got married to Urbann Young and had two boys. Hulda died as a child.

Carrie married Alfred Hirsche, and had five boys and one girl. Niels married Verda Spackman, and had two boys and a girl. Daniel married Lulu Barton, and had four boys and two girls. Soren (Sirn) married Elva Lybbert, and had three girls and two boys. Sirn died in 1978.

Events[edit]

July–August;

  • Old fashioned day at the Farm. (Kids day-camp), first and third weeks in July & August.
  • Music on the veranda, first and third weeks in July & August.
  • Stirling Settler Days, free tours of the Michelsen Farmstead.

September;

  • Fall Festival Village Market, homemade crafts, baking goods, and gift items.

May;

  • Historic Lethbridge Week [3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stirling Agricultural Village "Village of Stirling". www.pc.gc.ca. 2009-04-15. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ Michelsen Farmstead "Alberta Register of Historical Places". hermis.alberta.ca. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ Historic Lethbridge Week 2008 Tours