Michigan's 6th congressional district

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Michigan's 6th congressional district
Current Representative Fred Upton (RSt. Joseph)
Population (2010) 705,974
Ethnicity 82.2% White, 8.4% Black, 1.3% Asian, 5.3% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American
Cook PVI R+1
The district from 1993 to 2003
The district from 2003 to 2013

Michigan's 6th congressional district is a United States congressional district in southwest Michigan. It consists of all of Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Van Buren, counties, and includes most of Allegan county.

2011 redistricting removed the portion of Calhoun county that had been in the district, and added northwestern Allegan county, leaving only parts of the city of Holland in the 2nd district.

Major cities[edit]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 50 - 49%
2008 President Obama 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 44%
1992 President Clinton 39 - 38%

History[edit]

Michigan's Sixth Congressional District was originally formed in 1862. At this time it had all the Upper Peninsula except Menominee, Delta and Mackinac counties.

The district was vaguely contiguous, in that it did not contain the Straits of Mackinac but did include Presque Isle County, which can be reached without going through another district's area. It included another 21 counties on the Lower Peninsula. The southern boundary of the district was formed by Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Tuscola and Huron counties. The district had a population of 97,783.[1]

In 1872, the Sixth District was shifted southward. It retained Clinton, Shiawassee, and Genesee counties while adding Ingham, Livingston and Oakland counties. With 163,000 residents the district had 12,000 more inhabitants than the next most populous district, and 65,000 more residents than Michigan's least populous district.[2]

In 1882, Shiawassee County was removed from the district. The new district had about 165,000 people. In 1892, Clinton County was removed but the townships of Livonia, Nankin (now Westland, Michigan and surrounding cities), Redford (including the eastern portion since annexed by Detroit), Greenfield (almost all now in Detroit, except the portion that became Highland Park, Springwells (since annexed by Detroit and Dearborn), and Dearborn in Wayne County were added, as well as the part of Detroit west of Lawton. This new district had a population of 190,539 that was 0.8% African-American.[3]

No changes were made in the boundaries of the district in 1902. Its population had risen to 221,699.[4]

It was not until 1932 that the boundaries of the 6th district were altered. In this year it lost its parts of Oakland and Wayne counties and was shifted to Ingham, Livingston, and Genesee Counties. These boundaries were not changed until 1964, when the district was redrawn to cover Jackson, Ingham, and Shiawassee counties.

In 1972, the district was redrawn to include Jackson, Ingham, and Livingston counties, as well as the western portion of Washtenaw County.

In 1982 the district was redrawn to Ingham, Livingston, and northwestern Oakland counties with a finger stretching all the way to Pontiac. Waterford Township was in the district, as was Auburn Hills, but Orion Township, Rochester Hills and Bloomfield Hills were all in other districts. The boundaries also included Independence Township, White Lake Township, Rose Township, Springfield Township and Highland Township. Brighton and the areas directly east of it in Livingston County were also not in this district. Most of Lansing was put in the 3rd District. In Jackson County the district covered Henrietta Township, Rives Township, and Tompkins Township. In Clinton County it included Bath Township. In Shiawassee County the district included Antrim Township, Perry Township, Perry, and Woodhull Township.[5][6]

It was put in its current location in 1992, being a combination of parts of the old 3rd and 4th districts, and ending the truly odd split of Kalamazoo county between two congressional districts. There were minor changes in the districts boundaries in 2002 and 2012.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1863
John F. Driggs Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1869 38th–40th
Randolph Strickland Republican March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 41st
Jabez G. Sutherland Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd
Josiah Begole Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 43rd
George H. Durand Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 44th
Mark S. Brewer Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881 45th–46th
Oliver L. Spaulding Republican March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 47th
Edwin B. Winans [7] Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 48th–49th
Mark S. Brewer Republican March 3, 1887 – March 3, 1891 50th–51st
Byron G. Stout [8] Democratic March 3, 1891 – March 3, 1893 52nd
David D. Aitken Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 53rd–54th
Samuel W. Smith Republican March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1915 55th–63rd
Patrick H. Kelley Republican March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923 64th–67th Redistricted from the At-large district
Grant M. Hudson Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1931 67th–71st
Seymour H. Person Republican March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933 72nd
Claude E. Cady Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 73rd
William W. Blackney Republican January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1937 74th
Andrew J. Transue Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 75th
William W. Blackney Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1953 76th–82nd
Kit Clardy Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 83rd
Donald Hayworth Democratic January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957 84th
Charles E. Chamberlain Republican January 3, 1957 – December 31, 1974 85th–93rd Resigned
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
Bob Carr Democratic January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981 94th–96th
Jim Dunn Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 97th
Bob Carr Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 98th–102nd Redistricted to the 8th district
Fred Upton Republican January 3, 1993 – present 103rd–113th Redistricted from the 4th district, Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Parson, Beach and Dubin. Congressional Districts and Data p. 119
  2. ^ Parson et al.Congressional Districts and Data p. 180-181
  3. ^ Parsons, Dubin and Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 222
  4. ^ Parsons et al. Congressional Districts p. 359
  5. ^ Barone, Michael and Grant Ujifusa. Alamanac of American Politics. (Washington: National Journal, 1983) p. 576
  6. ^ http://www.censu.gov maps
  7. ^ Edwin B. Winans was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  8. ^ Byron G. Stout was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1890 to the 52nd Congress.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 42°09′51″N 86°09′22″W / 42.16417°N 86.15611°W / 42.16417; -86.15611