Michigan's 6th congressional district
|Michigan's 6th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Fred Upton (R–St. Joseph)|
|Ethnicity||82.2% White, 8.4% Black, 1.3% Asian, 5.3% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American|
Michigan's 6th congressional district is a United States congressional district in southwest Michigan. It consists of all of Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Van Buren, counties, and includes most of Allegan county.
2011 redistricting removed the portion of Calhoun county that had been in the district, and added northwestern Allegan county, leaving only parts of the city of Holland in the 2nd district.
- Benton Harbor
- Paw Paw
- St. Joseph
- South Haven
- Three Rivers
|Election results from presidential races|
|2012||President||Romney 50 - 49%|
|2008||President||Obama 54 - 45%|
|2004||President||Bush 53 - 46%|
|2000||President||Bush 52 - 45%|
|1996||President||Clinton 46 - 44%|
|1992||President||Clinton 39 - 38%|
The district was vaguely contiguous, in that it did not contain the Straits of Mackinac but did include Presque Isle County, which can be reached without going through another district's area. It included another 21 counties on the Lower Peninsula. The southern boundary of the district was formed by Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Tuscola and Huron counties. The district had a population of 97,783.
In 1872, the Sixth District was shifted southward. It retained Clinton, Shiawassee, and Genesee counties while adding Ingham, Livingston and Oakland counties. With 163,000 residents the district had 12,000 more inhabitants than the next most populous district, and 65,000 more residents than Michigan's least populous district.
In 1882, Shiawassee County was removed from the district. The new district had about 165,000 people. In 1892, Clinton County was removed but the townships of Livonia, Nankin (now Westland, Michigan and surrounding cities), Redford (including the eastern portion since annexed by Detroit), Greenfield (almost all now in Detroit, except the portion that became Highland Park, Springwells (since annexed by Detroit and Dearborn), and Dearborn in Wayne County were added, as well as the part of Detroit west of Lawton. This new district had a population of 190,539 that was 0.8% African-American.
No changes were made in the boundaries of the district in 1902. Its population had risen to 221,699.
It was not until 1932 that the boundaries of the 6th district were altered. In this year it lost its parts of Oakland and Wayne counties and was shifted to Ingham, Livingston, and Genesee Counties. These boundaries were not changed until 1964, when the district was redrawn to cover Jackson, Ingham, and Shiawassee counties.
In 1972, the district was redrawn to include Jackson, Ingham, and Livingston counties, as well as the western portion of Washtenaw County.
In 1982 the district was redrawn to Ingham, Livingston, and northwestern Oakland counties with a finger stretching all the way to Pontiac. Waterford Township was in the district, as was Auburn Hills, but Orion Township, Rochester Hills and Bloomfield Hills were all in other districts. The boundaries also included Independence Township, White Lake Township, Rose Township, Springfield Township and Highland Township. Brighton and the areas directly east of it in Livingston County were also not in this district. Most of Lansing was put in the 3rd District. In Jackson County the district covered Henrietta Township, Rives Township, and Tompkins Township. In Clinton County it included Bath Township. In Shiawassee County the district included Antrim Township, Perry Township, Perry, and Woodhull Township.
It was put in its current location in 1992, being a combination of parts of the old 3rd and 4th districts, and ending the split of Kalamazoo county between two congressional districts. There were minor changes in the districts boundaries in 2002 and 2012.
List of representatives
|District created||March 4, 1863|
|John F. Driggs||Republican||March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1869||38th–40th|
|Randolph Strickland||Republican||March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871||41st|
|Jabez G. Sutherland||Democratic||March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873||42nd|
|Josiah Begole||Republican||March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875||43rd|
|George H. Durand||Democratic||March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877||44th|
|Mark S. Brewer||Republican||March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881||45th–46th|
|Oliver L. Spaulding||Republican||March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883||47th|
|Edwin B. Winans ||Democratic||March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887||48th–49th|
|Mark S. Brewer||Republican||March 3, 1887 – March 3, 1891||50th–51st|
|Byron G. Stout ||Democratic||March 3, 1891 – March 3, 1893||52nd|
|David D. Aitken||Republican||March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897||53rd–54th|
|Samuel W. Smith||Republican||March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1915||55th–63rd|
|Patrick H. Kelley||Republican||March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923||64th–67th||Redistricted from the At-large district|
|Grant M. Hudson||Republican||March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1931||67th–71st|
|Seymour H. Person||Republican||March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933||72nd|
|Claude E. Cady||Democratic||March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935||73rd|
|William W. Blackney||Republican||January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1937||74th|
|Andrew J. Transue||Democratic||January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939||75th|
|William W. Blackney||Republican||January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1953||76th–82nd|
|Kit Clardy||Republican||January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955||83rd|
|Donald Hayworth||Democratic||January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957||84th|
|Charles E. Chamberlain||Republican||January 3, 1957 – December 31, 1974||85th–93rd||Resigned|
|Vacant||December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
|Bob Carr||Democratic||January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981||94th–96th|
|Jim Dunn||Republican||January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983||97th|
|Bob Carr||Democratic||January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993||98th–102nd||Redistricted to the 8th district|
|Fred Upton||Republican||January 3, 1993 – present||103rd–113th||Redistricted from the 4th district, Incumbent|
Historical district boundaries
- Parson, Beach and Dubin. Congressional Districts and Data p. 119
- Parson et al.Congressional Districts and Data p. 180-181
- Parsons, Dubin and Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 222
- Parsons et al. Congressional Districts p. 359
- Barone, Michael and Grant Ujifusa. Alamanac of American Politics. (Washington: National Journal, 1983) p. 576
- http://www.censu.gov maps
- Edwin B. Winans was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
- Byron G. Stout was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1890 to the 52nd Congress.
- Govtrack.us for the 7th District – Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
- The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807–2003
- U.S. Representatives 1837–2003, Michigan Manual 2003–2004
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present