Michigan House of Representatives

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Michigan House of Representatives
Michigan State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
3 terms (6 years)
History
New session started
January 12, 2011
Leadership
Jase Bolger (R)
since January 1, 2011
Speaker pro Tempore
John J. Walsh (R)
since January 1, 2011
Majority Leader
Jim Stamas (R)
since January 1, 2011
Minority Leader
Tim Greimel (D)
since January 1, 2013
Structure
Seats 110
Political groups
Republican Party (59)
Democratic Party (50)
Independent (1)
Michigan House of Representatives 2011-2013.png
Length of term
2 years
Authority Article IV, Section 3, Michigan Constitution
Salary $71,865/year + expenses
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2012
(110 seats)
Next election
November 4, 2014
(110 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
Michigan House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Michigan State Capitol
Lansing, Michigan
Website
Michigan House of Representatives

The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers, and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.

Members are elected in even-numbered years, and take office on the January 1 following the November general election. Each member is limited to serving three, two-year terms. The House meets in the north wing of the Capitol in Lansing.

Title[edit]

Members of the House of Representative are commonly referred to as representatives. Because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of Congress, constituents and news media, using the Associated Press guidelines for journalist, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts. As elected officials, members of the House of Representatives also receive the courtesy title of the Honorable (abbreviated to Hon. or Hon'ble) for life.

Composition[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Ind Vacant
End of Previous Legislature 64 46 0 110 0
Begin 59 51 0 110 0
February 19, 2013[1] 50 1
May 14, 2013[2] 49 109 1
November 5, 2013[3] 50 110 0
Latest voting share 54.1% 45.9% 1%
  • Rep. John Olumba announced in February 2013 that he was leaving the Democratic Party to become an Independent and started the Independent Urban Democracy Caucus.

Leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Cora B. Anderson House of Representatives Office Building, Downtown Lansing
District Representative Party County(ies) Term
1 Brian Banks Dem Wayne 1st
2 Alberta Tinsley Talabi Dem Wayne 2nd
3 John Olumba Ind Wayne 2nd
4 Rose Mary Robinson Dem Wayne 1st
5 Fred Durhal, Jr. Dem Wayne 3rd
6 Rashida Tlaib Dem Wayne 3rd
7 Thomas Stallworth III Dem Wayne 2nd
8 David Nathan Dem Wayne 3rd
9 Harvey Santana Dem Wayne 2nd
10 Phil Cavanagh Dem Wayne 2nd
11 David Knezek Dem Wayne 1st
12 Douglas Geiss Dem Wayne 3rd
13 Andrew Kandrevas Dem Wayne 3rd
14 Paul Clemente Dem Wayne 2nd
15 George Darany Dem Wayne 2nd
16 Robert Kosowski Dem Wayne 1st
17 Bill LaVoy Dem Monroe, Wayne 1st
18 Sarah Roberts Dem Macomb 2nd
19 John Walsh Rep Wayne 3rd
20 Kurt Heise Rep Wayne 2nd
21 Dian Slavens Dem Wayne 3rd
22 Harold Haugh Dem Macomb 3rd
23 Pat Somerville Rep Wayne 2nd
24 Anthony G. Forlini Rep Macomb 2nd
25 Henry Yanez Dem Macomb 1st
26 Jim Townsend Dem Oakland 2nd
27 Ellen Cogen Lipton Dem Oakland 3rd
28 Jon Switalski Dem Macomb 2nd
29 Tim Greimel Dem Oakland 2nd
30 Jeff Farrington Rep Macomb 2nd
31 Marilyn Lane Dem Macomb 2nd
32 Andrea LaFontaine Rep Macomb, St. Clair 2nd
33 Ken Goike Rep Macomb 2nd
34 Woodrow Stanley Dem Genesee 3rd
35 Rudy Hobbs Dem Oakland 2nd
36 Pete Lund Rep Macomb 3rd
37 Vicki Barnett Dem Oakland 3rd
38 Hugh Crawford Rep Oakland 3rd
39 Klint Kesto Rep Oakland 1st
40 Michael McReady Rep Oakland 1st
41 Martin Howrylak Rep Oakland 1st
42 Bill Rogers Rep Oakland 3rd
43 Gail Haines Rep Oakland 3rd
44 Eileen Kowall Rep Oakland 3rd
45 Tom McMillin Rep Oakland 3rd
46 Bradford Jacobsen Rep Oakland 2nd
47 Cindy Denby Rep Livingston 3rd
48 Pam Faris Dem Genesee 1st
49 Phil Phelps Dem Genesee 1st
50 Charles Smiley Dem Genesee 2nd
51 Joseph Graves Rep Genesee 1st*
52 Gretchen Driskell Dem Washtenaw 1st
53 Jeff Irwin Dem Washtenaw 2nd
54 David Rutledge Dem Washtenaw 2nd
55 Adam Zemke Dem Washtenaw 1st
56 Dale Zorn Rep Monroe 2nd
57 Nancy Jenkins Rep Lenawee 2nd
58 Kenneth Kurtz Rep Branch, Hillsdale 3rd
59 Matt Lori Rep Cass, St. Joseph 3rd
60 Sean McCann Dem Kalamazoo 2nd
61 Margaret O'Brien Rep Kalamazoo 2nd
62 Kate Segal Dem Calhoun 3rd
63 Jase Bolger Rep Calhoun, Kalamazoo 3rd
64 Earl Poleski Rep Jackson 2nd
65 Mike Shirkey Rep Jackson 2nd
66 Aric Nesbitt Rep Van Buren, Kalamazoo 2nd
67 Tom Cochran Dem Ingham 1st
68 Andy Schor Dem Ingham 1st
69 Sam Singh Dem Ingham 1st
70 Rick Outman Rep Ionia, Montcalm 2nd
71 Theresa Abed Dem Eaton 1st
72 Ken Yonker Rep Kent 2nd
73 Peter MacGregor Rep Kent 2nd
74 Rob VerHeulen Rep Kent, Ottawa 1st
75 Brandon Dillon Dem Kent 2nd
76 Winnie Brinks Dem Kent 1st
77 Thomas Hooker Rep Kent 2nd
78 Dave Pagel Rep Berrien, Cass 1st
79 Al Pscholka Rep Berrien 2nd
80 Bob Genetski Rep Allegan 3rd
81 Dan Lauwers Rep St. Clair 1st
82 Kevin Daley Rep Lapeer 3rd
83 Paul Muxlow Rep Sanilac, St. Clair 2nd
84 Terry Brown Dem Huron, Tuscola 3rd
85 Ben Glardon Rep Clinton, Shiawassee 2nd
86 Lisa Lyons Rep Kent 2nd
87 Mike Callton Rep Barry, Ionia 2nd
88 Roger Victory Rep Ottawa 1st
89 Amanda Price Rep Ottawa 2nd
90 Joseph Haveman Rep Ottawa 3rd
91 Collene Lamonte Dem Muskegon 1st
92 Marcia Hovey-Wright Dem Muskegon 2nd
93 Tom Leonard Rep Clinton, Gratiot 1st
94 Tim Kelly Rep Saginaw 1st
95 Stacy Erwin Oakes Dem Saginaw 2nd
96 Charles Brunner Dem Bay 2nd
97 Joel Johnson Rep Arenac, Bay, Clare, Gladwin 2nd
98 Jim Stamas Rep Midland, Saginaw 3rd
99 Kevin Cotter Rep Isabella, Midland 2nd
100 Jon Bumstead Rep Lake, Newaygo, Oceana 2nd
101 Ray Franz Rep Benzie, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason 2nd
102 Philip Potvin Rep Mecosta, Osceola, Wexford 2nd
103 Bruce Rendon Rep Iosco, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Roscommon 2nd
104 Wayne Schmidt Rep Grand Traverse, Kalkaska 3rd
105 Greg MacMaster Rep Antrim, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Otsego 2nd
106 Peter Pettalia Rep Alcona, Alpena, Crawford,
Montmorency, Oscoda, Presque Isle
2nd
107 Frank Foster Rep Cheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mackinac 2nd
108 Ed McBroom Rep Delta, Dickinson, Menominee 2nd
109 John Kivela Dem Alger, Luce, Marquette, Schoolcraft 1st
110 Scott Dianda Dem Baraga, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron,
Keweenaw, Marquette, Ontonagon
1st

* Elected in a special election.

Officials[edit]

Speaker of the House[edit]

Main article: List of Speakers of the Michigan House of Representatives

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party. The 71st and current Speaker is Jase Bolger, a third-term Republican from Marshall.

The Speaker calls the House to order at the hour to which the House last adjourned, preserves order and decorum in the chamber, recognizes Members to speak, and puts all questions. The Speaker is the chief administrator of the House and is technically the employer of all legislative staff. There is also a Speaker pro tempore and two associate Speakers pro tempore who preside in the absence of the Speaker. The full duties of the Speaker are described in Chapter II of the Rules of the House.[4]

Clerk of the House[edit]

Clerk of the Michigan House of Representatives
Incumbent
Gary L. Randall

since January 12, 2011
Style Mister Clerk
Appointer Elected by the House
Term length Pleasure of the House (nominally a two-year Legislature)
Inaugural holder George R. Griswold

The Clerk of the House of Representatives is elected by Members of the House at the beginning of each two-year term. The 33rd and current clerk is Gary L. Randall.[5] Randall also served as clerk from 1999 to 2006. The assistant clerk is Richard J. Brown, who served as clerk from 2007 to 2010. Both Randall and Brown are former Members of the House.

Under the rules of the House, the clerk is the parliamentarian of the House, presides in the absence of the Speaker or any Speaker pro tempore, takes roll at the beginning of each session day and announces whether or not a quorum is present, prepares the official calendar and journal of the House, is responsible for the care and preservation of all bills introduced in the House, and for bills sent from the Senate until they are returned to the Senate.[4][6]

Sergeant at Arms[edit]

The sergeant at arms of the House of Representatives is the chief police officer of the House, appointed by the Speaker. The current chief sergeant at arms is David D. Dickson, Jr.

The chief sergeant and the assistant sergeants are empowered as law enforcement officers by statute.[7] The sergeants at arms have authority to serve subpoenas and warrants issued by the House or any duly authorized officer or committee, see that all visitors are seated and at no time are standing on the floor or balconies of the House, ensure that reasonable decorum is maintained in the lobby immediately in front of the entrance to the chamber to ensure access for Members and to ensure equal treatment for all citizens.[4]

Committees[edit]

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution authorizes each house of the Legislature to "establish the committees necessary for the conduct of its business."[8] The House does much of its work in committees, including the review of bills, executive oversight, and the budget and appropriations process. Members of committees and their chairmen are appointed by the Speaker.[4][9] Bills are referred to a committee by the Speaker, and the chairman of a committee sets its agenda, including whether or not a bill will be reported to the full House.

There are currently 23 committees: Agriculture; Appropriations; Commerce; Criminal Justice; Education; Elections and Ethics; Energy and Technology; Families, Children, and Seniors; Financial Liability Reform; Financial Services; Government Operations; Health Policy; Insurance; Judiciary; Local Government; Military and Veterans Affairs; Natural Resources; Oversight; Regulatory Reform; Tax Policy; Transportation & Infrastructure; Tourism; Michigan Competitiveness.[10]

There are also four statutory standing committees: Joint Committee on Administrative Rules; House Fiscal Agency Governing Committee; Legislative Council; Michigan Capitol Committee.[10]

The Committee on Appropriations divides its work among 19 subcommittees: Agriculture & Rural Development; Community Colleges; Community Health; Corrections; Education; Environmental Quality; Fiscal Oversight, Audit and Litigation; General Government; Higher Education; Human Services; Joint Capital Outlay; Judiciary; LARA; Military & Veterans Affairs; Natural Resources; School Aid; State Police; Supplementals; Transportation.[10]

Unlike the Senate, the House does not utilize the committee of the whole.

House Fiscal Agency[edit]

House Fiscal Agency
Agency overview
Headquarters Cora B. Anderson House Office Building
Employees 23
Annual budget $3,105,200
Agency executives Mary Ann Cleary, Director
Kyle I. Jen, Deputy Director
Parent department House Fiscal Agency Governing Board (Michigan House of Representatives)
Website house.mi.gov/hfa/

The House Fiscal Agency is a nonpartisan agency within the House of Representatives which provides nonpartisan expertise to members of the House Appropriations Committee, as well as all other Members of the House. Fiscal analysts review the governor's budget recommendation, review and prepare budget bills, supplemental appropriations, and certain transfer requests, provide fiscal impact statements on legislative proposals, monitor state and national situations that may have budgetary implications, research and analyze fiscal issues, prepare reports and documents to assist legislative deliberations, and prepare special reports at the request of Representatives. The economist analyzes legislation related to tax and lottery issues, respond to Representatives' inquiries regarding state tax revenue, revenue sharing, and other economic issues, monitors state revenue, tracks state and national economic conditions, and prepares reports on revenue and other economic issues. Legislative analysts prepare concise, nonpartisan summaries and analyses of bills. Summaries, completed prior to committee deliberations, describe how a bill would change current law, including any fiscal impact. Analyses are prepared for bills reported to the full House from committee and include, with the summary information, a description of the problem being addressed, arguments for and against the bill, and positions of interested organizations.[11]

The agency is governed by a six-member board consisting of the chairman and minority vice chairman of the Appropriations Committee, the Speaker of the House and the minority leader, and the majority and minority floor leaders. The governing committee is responsible for HFA oversight, establishment of operating procedures, and appointment of the HFA director. The director is one of three state officials charged with annually forecasting the state's revenues at the Consensus Revenue Estimating Conferences, which are held at least twice each year.[12]

In January 1993, a front-page story in The Detroit News detailed a massive scandal in the House Fiscal Agency. For six years, the agency's imprest account was used to finance credit card payments, vacations, and property tax payments as well as payments to HFA employees and contract workers for non-existent workers. The scandal threatened to collapse the joint leadership agreement between the Democrats and Republicans brought about by a 55-55 partisan split in the House from the 1992 election. It resulted in Representative Dominic J. Jacobetti of Negaunee in the Upper Peninsula, the longest-serving Member in history, losing his position as chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]