Michigan Proposal 04-2

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Michigan Proposal 04-2[1] of 2004, is an amendment to the Michigan Constitution that makes it unconstitutional for the state to recognize or perform same-sex marriages or civil unions. The referendum was approved by 59% of the voters.[2]

The text of the amendment states:

To secure and preserve the benefits of marriage for our society and for future generations of children, the union of one man and one woman in marriage shall be the only agreement recognized as a marriage or similar union for any purpose.[3]

In May 2008, the Michigan Supreme Court held that the amendment bans not only same-sex marriage and civil unions, but also public employee domestic partnership benefits such as health insurance.[4] The ruling however had little effect since most public employers, relaxed their eligibility criteria to not run afoul of the amendment[5]

On March 21, 2014, a federal judge ruled that Michigan's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and did not stay the ruling,[6] although the ruling was later suspended, until at least March 26, 2014, by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, in order to consider an appeal by the attorney general of Michigan.[7]


Proposal 04-2[8]
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 2,698,077 58.63
No 1,904,319 41.37
Total votes 4,602,396 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 7,263,024 63.36

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2004 General Election Results, Michigan Department of State. Accessed 19 December 2006.
  2. ^ CNN.com Election 2004 - Ballot Measures Accessed 30 November 2006.
  3. ^ Michigan State Constitution, Article I, section 25, Michigan Legislature. Accessed 19 December 2006.
  4. ^ National Pride at Work, Inc. v. Governor of Michigan 748 N.W.2d 524
  5. ^ "Ruling on same-sex benefits weighed". Mlive.com. 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2013-11-02. 
  6. ^ White, Ed (March 21, 2014). "Judge strikes down Michigan's ban on gay marriage". AP News. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ Eligon, John; Eckholm, Erik (March 22, 2013). "For Gay Couples in Michigan, a Day of Joy Ends in Legal Uncertainty". New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "2004 General Election Turnout Rates". United States Election Project. June 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]