|Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
from the 31st district
1983 – present
September 4, 1930 |
Durham, North Carolina
|Residence||Durham, North Carolina|
|Alma mater||North Carolina Central University|
|Profession||attorney, real estate, insurance|
Henry M. "Mickey" Michaux, Jr. (born 1930) is a Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly representing the state's thirty-first House district since 1983. He previously served from 1973 through 1977. His district includes constituents in Durham County. As of 2008[update], Michaux is the longest-serving African American member of the North Carolina General Assembly. In the 2007-2008 session, Michaux served as senior chairman of the House Appropriations Committee and chairman of the House Select Committee on Street Gang Prevention.
An attorney and businessman, Michaux is a native of Durham, North Carolina and an alumnus of Durham's North Carolina Central University. He served in the United States Army Medical Corps from 1952–1954 and in the Army Reserves from 1954 until 1960. He was an assistant district attorney before being elected to the North Carolina legislature in 1972. In 1977, Michaux became the first black United States Attorney in the South since Reconstruction when he was appointed to head the office in the Middle District of North Carolina. Leaving that post at the end of the Carter administration, Michaux ran for Congress in 1982.
Runoff election threshold
Michaux polled the most votes in the first round of the Democratic primary, but because no candidate received more than 50 percent of the vote, he was forced into a runoff with Tim Valentine. Valentine won the runoff, and Michaux returned to the state legislature. There, he pushed for the elimination of primary runoffs, and eventually the law was changed to lower the threshold to winning 40 percent to avoid a runoff. Had that law been in place in 1982, Michaux would have been the first African-American elected to Congress from North Carolina in the twentieth century.
- Session 2001, House General Resolution 1470, General Assembly of North Carolina
- Michaux Committee assignments
- Civil Rights Greensboro: Henry M. Michaux, Jr.
- New York Times: "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Congressional Races; 2 Strangely Shaped Hybrid Creatures Highlight North Carolina's Primary"
- News & Observer: Michaux battles to seat of power
- OurCampaigns.com: NC District 12 - D Primary
- NCCU press release
- North Carolina General Assembly - Representative Henry M. Michaux, Jr. official NC House website
- Raleigh News & Observer profile
- Oral History Interview with H. M. Michaux at Oral Histories of the American South
- Project Vote Smart - Representative Henry M. 'Mickey' Michaux Jr. (NC) profile
- Follow the Money - H M (Mickey) Michaux Jr