A microsite is an individual web page or a small cluster of pages which are meant to function as a discrete entity within an existing website or to complement an offline activity. The microsite's main landing page can have its own domain name or subdomain.
||This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (February 2012)|
Microsites are typically used in web design to add a specialized group of information either editorial or commercial. Such sites may be linked in to a main site or not or taken completely off a site's server when the site is used for a temporary purpose. The main distinction of a microsite versus its parent site is its purpose and specific cohesiveness as compared to the microsite's broader overall parent website.
Microsites used for editorial purposes may be a page or group of pages that, for example, might contain information about a holiday, an event or similar item which gives more detailed information than a site's general content area may provide. A community organization may have its main site with all of the organization's basic information, but creates a separate, temporary microsite to inform about a particular activity, event or similar.
Often, microsites will be used for editorial purposes by a commercial business to add editorial value. For example, a retailer of party goods may create a microsite with editorial content about the history of Halloween or some other holiday or event. The commercial purpose of such editorial microsites, (beyond driving product sales), may include adding value to the site's visitors for branding purposes as well as providing editorial content and keywords allowing for greater chances of search engine inclusion. Normally, microsites do not contain web applications.
Microsites may be used for purely commercial purposes to create in-depth information about a particular product, service or as editorial support towards a specific product, such as describing a new technology. A car manufacturer, for example, may present a new hybrid vehicle and support the sales presentation with a microsite specific to explaining hybrid technology.
With the prevalence of keyword contextual advertising, (more commonly referred to as Pay per click or PPC), microsites may be created specifically to carry such contextual advertising. Or along a similar tactic, they're created in order to specifically carry topic-specific, keyword-rich content with the goal of having search engines rank them highly when search engine users seek such content topics.
A microsite however, will most likely not lower your PPC cost, because it will most likely not improve your Quality Score. There are nine factors that go into your Quality Score, one of them is the quality of your landing page (how relevant the content is, transparent it is, and the ease of navigation). This factor does not look at the entire website (which can be a common misconception on Quality Score), only the page you choose to land people on from their search query. Thus it does not matter if your website covers a broad spectrum of items, or only one, it matters if that one page's content is specific to that person's search. And considering the other eight factors that go into Quality Score, your main website should typically result in better Quality Scores than a microsite. 
Microsites have been criticized by security expert Rich Baldry who claimed they cause confusion, waste money, and can damage reputation.
When special-purpose domains for campaign microsites appear, it becomes [...] confusing. At best, people might ignore the microsite domain, keeping themselves safe but making the marketing dollars a waste. At worst, the protection and reputation offered by use of known domains is lost and people end up infected the next time they follow an unknown domain.
See also 
- Ann Handley Microsite User Experience Design. Entrepreneur Magazine. Posted on 2 January 2012.
- Unknown Use a Microsite to Build Your Business. Posted on 14 October 2011.
- Earl & Thompson Sales Lead Generation and Content Generation: Is content still king?. Posted on 21 October 2010.
- Jenna Yim Microsite User Experience Design, 2010.
- Melissa Campanelli Marketing with a Microsite. Entrepreneur Magazine. Posted on 16 April 2009.
- Susan K. Jones Business-to-business Internet marketing: Seven proven strategies for increasing profits through internet direct marketing. Maximum Press, 2008. Pages 117-118.
- Brian Quinton Microsites are Becoming a Macro Idea. DIRECT Magazine. Posted on 10 October 2007.
- Building Customer-Brand Relationships. Don E. Schultz, Beth E. Barnes, Heidi F. Schultz, Marian Azzaro. M.E. Sharpe. 2009. Page 285
- Business-to-Business Internet Marketing: Seven Proven Strategies for Increasing Profits through Internet Direct Marketing. Susan K. Jones. Maximum Press, 2008. Page 118
- The Art of SEO. Eric Enge, Stephan Spencer, Rand Fishkin, Jessie Stricchiola. O'Reilly Media, Inc., 2009. Page 201
- The amount of pages are around 1 to 7.
- Landing Page Optimization: The Definitive Guide to Testing and Tuning for Conversions. Tim Ash, Maura Ginty, Rich Page. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
- Google Quality Score Explained
- Baldry, Rich. "What's in a domain name?". Naked Security (blog). Sophos. Retrieved 19 April 2011.