Microsorum pteropus, commonly known as Java fern, an aquatic fern from southeast Asia, is highly variable with several different geographic varieties that vary in leaf size and shape. It is found attached to roots and rocks in nature.
In the aquarium
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Several cultivars of Java fern exist. These include the "narrow leaf" Java fern, the "needle leaf" Java fern, the "Windelov" Java fern and the "lance leaf" Java fern. Cultivation in the aquarium is not problematic as long as the rhizome is tied to rock or driftwood and not planted directly into the substrate. It can be easily reproduced from small adventitious plants which are formed on the older leaves. These new plants should be attached to a rock or driftwood with a thin wire, rubber band or fishing line until new anchor roots have been formed. once new rhizomes have formed these can be taken off and planted onto more rocks or driftwood It can also be done with cotton thread,as this dissolves in water after about two months. This plant does particularly well with fish that are normally detrimental to plants, on account of its relatively bitter taste.
There are other types of Java fern including java moss and java fern on coconut. Java fern on coconut is commonly used for tieing to bogwood.
Height: 20–35 cm; width: 5–15 cm; light: low-high; temperature: 18–30°C; pH tolerance: 6–8; kH: 2–15. Can also withstand slightly brackish conditions.
- The Aquarium Wiki article on caring for Java fern in the aquarium
- Java Fern- Extensive information about Java fern. (scroll below ads)
- Java fern (Microsorum pteropus) in its natural habitat.
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