Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Launch Pad 0

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Launch Pad 0
Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport - aerial photo.jpg
LP-0B (left) and LP-0A (center, with the large water tower)
Launch site MARS (WFF)
Short name LP-0
Operator NASA
VCSFA
Total launches 6
Launch pad(s) 2
Pad A (LP-0A) launch history
Status Damaged
Launches 6
First launch 23 October 1995
Last launch 28 October 2014
Associated rockets Conestoga
Antares (active)
Pad B (LP-0B) launch history
Status Active
Launches 5
First launch 16 December 2006
Last launch 8 September 2013
Associated rockets Minotaur I (active)
ALV
Minotaur IV (future)
Minotaur V

Launch Pad 0, Pad 0 or LP-0, also known as Launch Complex 0,[1][2] Launch Area 0 or LA-0, is a launch complex at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) on Wallops Island, Virginia in the United States. MARS is located adjacent to NASA's Wallops Flight Facility (WFF),[1] which ran the launch complex until 2003. WFF continues to provide various support services to MARS launches under contract with the Commonwealth of Virginia.

The launch complex consists of two individual launch pads, LP-0A and LP-0B.

Coordinates: 37°51′N 75°28′W / 37.850°N 75.467°W / 37.850; -75.467

History[edit]

Pad 0A[edit]

Pad 0A facilities the day after the October 28, 2014 launch failure.

LP-0A was first built for the failed Conestoga rocket program.[3] The original launch tower was subsequently demolished in September 2008.[4] A new pad facility was built from 2009-2011 for Orbital Sciences Taurus II, now renamed Antares.[5] Pad modifications for Antares included the construction of a Horizontal Integration Facility for launcher/payload mating and a wheeled transporter/erector that will roll out and erect the rocket on its launch pad about 24 hours prior to launch.[5] The first launch of Antares occurred on April 21, 2013.[6]

The pad was reinforced with pilings and features a liquid fueling facility, flame trench, and deluge system for cooling and sound suppression. The pad is capable of supporting a gross liftoff weight of 453.6 metric tons (1,000,000 lb) and can launch payloads of up to 5,035 kilograms (11,100 lb) into low-earth orbit [7]

On October 28, 2014, an Orbital Systems Antares rocket, flying as mission Cygnus CRS Orb-3, crashed 6 seconds after takeoff and appeared to have done significant damage to the launch pad itself. On October 29, 2014, teams of investigators began examining debris at the crash site.[8]

Pad 0B[edit]

LP-0B became operational in 1999,[9] and was subsequently upgraded in 2003 with the construction of a mobile service tower, which was completed in 2004.[10] It is active, and is currently used by Minotaur rockets. The first launch from LP-0B was of a Minotaur I in December 2006,[11] and was the first launch from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Commercial Space Transportation License LSO-02-007". FAA. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Facility Access Plan". Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS). p. 1.2.2. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Wallops Island LA0A". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  4. ^ "Launch Tower Demolition". GMB. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  5. ^ a b Kyle, Ed (2011-05-14). "TaConurus 2". Space Launch Report. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  6. ^ "NASA Partner Orbital Sciences Test Launches Antares Rocket". NASA. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "MARS Launch Pad 0A". Orbital Sciences. 
  8. ^ "Teams investigate failure of unmanned rocket off Virginia coast". cnn.com. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Facilities". Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport. Retrieved 2009-01-21. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Launch Pad 0-B". Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport. Retrieved 2009-01-21. [dead link]
  11. ^ Wade, Mark. "Wallops Island LA0B". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-01-21.