Mid Armagh (UK Parliament constituency)

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Mid Armagh
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members One
Replaced by Armagh
Created from Armagh and Armagh City

Mid Armagh was a constituency in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act for the 1885 general election and returned one Member of Parliament (MP) until it was abolished with effect from the 1922 general election.

Boundaries and Boundary Changes[edit]

This county constituency comprised the central part of County Armagh. To the north was North Armagh, to the west were South Tyrone and North Monaghan, to the south were South Monaghan and South Armagh and to the east was West Down.

Prior to the United Kingdom general election, 1885 and from the dissolution of Parliament in 1922 the area was part of the Armagh constituency.

Politics[edit]

The constituency was a predominantly Conservative then Unionist area, although not as strongly so as some other parts of Northern Ireland. There were few contested elections and no instance of the same two parties contending against each other more than once.

In 1918 the Unionists defeated Sinn Féin by a solid margin. This was the first contested election for the seat since a 1900 by-election.

The First Dáil[edit]

Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.

The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.

In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. Armagh Mid, in republican theory, was incorporated in a four-member Dáil constituency of Armagh.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1885)
Election Member Party
1885 John McKane Conservative
February 1886 Sir James Corry, Bt. Conservative
July 1886 Irish Unionist
1891 Sir Dunbar Plunket Barton Irish Unionist
1900 John Lonsdale Irish Unionist
1918 James Rolston Lonsdale Irish Unionist
1921 Henry Armstrong Ulster Unionist
  • Constituency abolished (1922)

Elections[edit]

1920s[edit]

By-Election, 23 June 1921: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UUP Henry Bruce Armstrong Unopposed N/A N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A

1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist James Rolston Lonsdale 8,431 59.7 N/A
Sinn Féin Professor Liam O'Brien 5,688 40.3 N/A
Majority 2,743 19.4 N/A
Turnout 14,119 81.4 N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
By-Election, 23 January 1918: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist James Rolston Lonsdale Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1910: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Sir John Brownlee Lonsdale, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1910: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist John Brownlee Lonsdale Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist John Brownlee Lonsdale Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1900: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist John Brownlee Lonsdale Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
By-Election 1900: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist John Brownlee Lonsdale 3,212 63.95 N/A
Liberal Unionist John Gordon 1,811 36.05 N/A
Majority 1,401 27.89 N/A
Turnout 7,363 68.22 N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

1890s[edit]

By-Election 1898: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1892: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
By-Election 1891: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Unopposed N/A N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Sir James Porter Corry, Bt 4,160 62.26 +62.26
Irish Parliamentary Robert Riddall Gardner 2,522 37.74 +37.74
Majority 1,638 24.51 N/A
Turnout 8,169 81.80 -2.71
Irish Unionist gain from Conservative Swing N/A
By-Election 1886: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir James Porter Corry, Bt 3,930 56.92 -4.12
Liberal Thomas Alexander Dickson 2,974 43.08 +43.08
Majority 956 13.85 -8.22
Turnout 8,169 84.51 +0.72
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1885: Mid Armagh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Professor John McKane 4,178 61.04 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Edmund Leamy 2,667 38.96 N/A
Majority 1,511 22.07 N/A
Turnout 8,169 83.79 N/A

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]