Mid front rounded vowel

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Mid front rounded vowel
ø
ø̞
IPA number 310 430
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ø​̞
Unicode (hex) U+00F8 U+031E
Braille ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)

The mid front rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.

While there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid front rounded vowel between close-mid [ø] and open-mid [œ] (since no language is known to distinguish all three), ø is generally used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used, such as ø̞ or œ̝.

Features[edit]

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ø̞
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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  • Its vowel height is mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a close vowel and an open vowel.
  • Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that they're in fact near-front.
  • Its roundedness is compressed, which means that the margins of the lips are tense and drawn together in such a way that the inner surfaces are not exposed.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Catalan Northern fulles [ˈfø̞jəs] 'leaves' Found in Occitan and French loanwords and interferences. See Catalan phonology
Chinese Shanghainese eu [ø̞] 'safe'
English New Zealand[1] bird [bø̞̈ːd] 'bird' Centralized.[1] May be [ɵ̟ː] or [œ̈ː] instead. See English phonology
Southeastern Welsh[2][3] Centralized.[2][3]
West Midlands[4] Centralized.[4]
Finnish[5] rölli [ˈrø̞̈lːi] 'Common bent' Centralized.[6] See Finnish phonology
German Standard[7] schön About this sound [ʃø̞̈ːn]  'beautiful' Centralized.[7] It's close-mid [ø̈ː] according to Kohler (1999) and Lodge (2009). See German phonology
Hungarian[8] öl [ø̞̈l] 'kill' Centralized. See Hungarian phonology
Korean[9] soe [sø̞ː] 'iron' Somewhat centralized.[9] Typically transcribed as /ø/. Diphthongized to [we] in modern standard Korean. See Korean phonology
Swedish Central Standard[10] nött About this sound [n̪œ̝̈t̪ː]  'worn' (past part. s.) Centralized. Typically transcribed as /œ/. See Swedish phonology
Turkish[11] göz [ɟø̞̈z] 'eye' Centralized; may be transcribed as /œ/. See Turkish phonology

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Collins, Beverley; Mees, Inger M. (2003), The Phonetics of English and Dutch, Fifth Revised Edition, ISBN 9004103406 
  • Coupland, Nikolas (1990), English in Wales: Diversity, Conflict, and Change, p. 95, ISBN 1-85359-032-0 
  • Engstrand, Olle (1999), "Swedish", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the usage of the International Phonetic Alphabet., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 140, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
  • Iivonen, Antti; Harnud, Huhe (2005), "Acoustical comparison of the monophthong systems in Finnish, Mongolian and Udmurt", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (1): 59–71, doi:10.1017/S002510030500191X 
  • Kohler, Klaus J. (1990), "German", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 86–89, ISBN 0-521-65236-7 
  • Lodge, Ken (2009), A Critical Introduction to Phonetics, ISBN 978-0-8264-8873-2 
  • Mangold, Max (2005), Das Aussprachewörterbuch, Duden, ISBN 9783411040667 
  • Roca, Iggy; Johnson, Wyn (1999), A Course in Phonology, Blackwell Publishing 
  • Szende, Tamás (1994), "Hungarian", Journal of the International Phonetic Alphabet 24 (2): 91–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005090 
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English, 2: The British Isles, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Suomi, Kari; Toivanen, Juhani; Ylitalo, Riikka (2008), Finnish sound structure, ISBN 978-951-42-8983-5 
  • Zimmer, Karl; Orgun, Orhan (1999), "Turkish", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 154–158, ISBN 0-521-65236-7