Mid front rounded vowel

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Mid front rounded vowel
ø̞
œ̝
IPA number 310 430
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ø​̞
Unicode (hex) U+00F8 U+031E
X-SAMPA 2_o or 9_r
Braille ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)

The mid front rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.

Although there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid front rounded vowel between close-mid [ø] and open-mid [œ], ø is generally used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used, such as ø̞ or œ̝.

Features[edit]

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ø̞
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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IPA help • IPA key • chart • Loudspeaker.svg chart with audio • view
  • Its vowel height is mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a close vowel and an open vowel.
  • Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that they're in fact near-front.
  • Its roundedness is compressed, which means that the margins of the lips are tense and drawn together in such a way that the inner surfaces are not exposed.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Bavarian Amstetten dialect[1] [example needed] Centralized.[1]
Catalan Northern[2] fulles [ˈfø̞jəs] 'leaves' Found in Occitan and French loanwords and interferences. See Catalan phonology
English New Zealand[3] bird [bø̞̈ːd] 'bird' Centralized.[3] May be [ɵ̟ː] or [œ̈ː] instead. See English phonology
Southeastern Welsh[4][5] Centralized.[4][5][6]
West Midlands[6]
Finnish[7] rölli [ˈrø̞̈lːi] 'Common bent' Centralized.[8] See Finnish phonology
German Standard[9] schön About this sound [ʃø̞̈ːn]  'beautiful' Centralized.[9] It's close-mid [ø̈ː] according to Kohler (1999) and Lodge (2009). See German phonology
Hungarian[10] öl [ø̞̈l] 'kill' Centralized. See Hungarian phonology
Korean[11] soe [sø̞ː] 'iron' Somewhat centralized.[11] Typically transcribed as /ø/. Diphthongized to [we] in modern standard Korean. See Korean phonology
Swedish Central Standard[12] nött About this sound [n̪œ̝̈t̪ː]  'worn' (past part. s.) Centralized. Typically transcribed as /œ/. See Swedish phonology
Turkish[13] göz [ɟø̞̈z] 'eye' Centralized; may be transcribed as /œ/. See Turkish phonology

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]