Mid front rounded vowel

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Mid front rounded vowel
ø̞
œ̝
IPA number 310 430
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ø​̞
Unicode (hex) U+00F8 U+031E
X-SAMPA 2_o or 9_r
Braille ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)

The mid front rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.

Although there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid front rounded vowel between close-mid [ø] and open-mid [œ], ø is generally used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used, such as ø̞ or œ̝.

Mid front compressed vowel[edit]

Features[edit]

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ø̞
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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IPA help • IPA key • chart • Loudspeaker.svg chart with audio • view
  • Its vowel height is mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a close vowel and an open vowel.
  • Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that often they are in fact near-front.
  • Its roundedness is compressed, which means that the margins of the lips are tense and drawn together in such a way that the inner surfaces are not exposed.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Bavarian Amstetten dialect[1] [example needed] Near-front.[1]
Catalan Northern[2] fulles [ˈfø̞jəs] 'leaves' Found in Occitan and French loanwords and interferences. See Catalan phonology
Danish Standard[3][4][5][6][7] høne [ˈhø̞̈ːnə] 'hen' Near-front.[3][4][5][6][7] Described variously as mid[3][4][5][6] and somewhat lowered mid.[7] Most often, it is transcribed /œ(ː)/. See Danish phonology
English New Zealand[8] bird [bø̞̈ːd] 'bird' Near-front.[8] May be [ɵ̟ː] or [œ̈ː] instead. See English phonology
Southeastern Welsh[9][10] Near-front.[9][10][11]
West Midlands[11]
Estonian köök [kø̞ːk] 'kitchen'
Finnish[12] rölli [ˈrø̞̈lːi] 'Common bent' Near-front.[13] See Finnish phonology
German Standard[14] schön About this sound [ʃø̞̈ːn]  'beautiful' Near-front.[14] It's close-mid [ø̈ː] according to Kohler (1999) and Lodge (2009). See German phonology
Hungarian[15] öl [ø̞̈l] 'kill' Near-front.[15] See Hungarian phonology
Korean[16] soe [sø̞ː] 'iron' Near-front.[16] Typically transcribed as /ø/. Diphthongized to [we] in modern standard Korean. See Korean phonology
Romanian bleu [blø̞] 'light blue' Found only in loanwords. See Romanian phonology
Turkish[17] göz [ɟø̞̈z] 'eye' Near-front;[17] may be transcribed as /œ/. See Turkish phonology

Mid front protruded vowel[edit]

Mid front protruded vowel
ø̞ʷ
œ̝ʷ
ɛ̝ʷ
e̞ʷ

Catford notes that most languages with rounded front and back vowels use distinct types of labialization, protruded back vowels and compressed front vowels. However, a few languages, such as Scandinavian ones, have protruded front vowels. One of these, Swedish, even contrasts the two types of rounding in front vowels (see near-close near-front rounded vowel, with Swedish examples of both types of rounding).

As there are no diacritics in the IPA to distinguish protruded and compressed rounding, ø̞ʷ (a mid front rounded vowel modified by endolabialization) will be used here as an ad hoc symbol for protruded mid front vowels.

Features[edit]

  • Its vowel height is mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a close vowel and an open vowel.
  • Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that often they are in fact near-front.
  • Its roundedness is protruded, which means that the corners of the lips are drawn together, and the inner surfaces exposed.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Swedish Central Standard[18][19] nött About this sound [n̪ø̞ʷt̪ː]  'worn' (past part. s.) Near-front,[18] typically transcribed as /œ/. See Swedish phonology

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]