Middle Township, New Jersey

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Middle Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Middle
Middle Township highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Middle Township highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Middle Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Middle Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°05′17″N 74°50′15″W / 39.087952°N 74.837561°W / 39.087952; -74.837561Coordinates: 39°05′17″N 74°50′15″W / 39.087952°N 74.837561°W / 39.087952; -74.837561[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Cape May
Formed April 2, 1723
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Tim Donohue (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Mark Mallet[4]
 • Clerk Kimberly Krauss[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 82.955 sq mi (214.852 km2)
 • Land 70.333 sq mi (182.163 km2)
 • Water 12.622 sq mi (32.690 km2)  15.22%
Area rank 8th of 566 in state
1st of 16 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 18,911
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 18,877
 • Rank 135th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county[12]
 • Density 268.9/sq mi (103.8/km2)
 • Density rank 486th of 566 in state
14th of 16 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08210 - Cape May Court House[13][14]
Area code(s) 609[15]
FIPS code 3400945810[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882045[18][2]
Website www.middletownship.com

Middle Township is a township in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 18,911,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 2,506 (+15.3%) from the 16,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,634 (+11.1%) from the 14,771 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Middle Township was formed as a precinct on April 2, 1723, and was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township have been taken to form Anglesea Borough (on June 13, 1885; now North Wildwood City), Avalon Borough (April 18, 1892), Wildwood (May 1, 1895), Stone Harbor Borough (April 3, 1914) and West Wildwood (April 21, 1920).[20]

Burleigh (with a 2010 Census population of 725[21]), Cape May Court House (5,338[22]), Rio Grande (2,670[23]) and Whitesboro (2,205[24]) are census-designated places (CDPs) and unincorporated communities located within Middle Township; Whitesboro and Burleigh had previously been combined for statistical purposes by the Census Bureau as Whitesboro-Burleigh through the 2000 Census.[25] Dias Creek and Green Creek are other unincorporated communities in the township. Cape May Court House is the county seat of Cape May County.[26][27]

Geography[edit]

Middle Township is located at 39°05′17″N 74°50′15″W / 39.087952°N 74.837561°W / 39.087952; -74.837561 (39.087952,-74.837561). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 82.955 square miles (214.852 km2), of which, 70.333 square miles (182.163 km2) of it is land and 12.622 square miles (32.690 km2) of it (15.22%) is water.[1][2]

The township borders Dennis Township, Sea Isle City, Avalon Borough, Stone Harbor Borough, North Wildwood City, Wildwood City, West Wildwood Borough, Lower Township, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,106
1820 1,157 4.6%
1830 1,366 18.1%
1840 1,624 18.9%
1850 1,884 16.0%
1860 2,155 14.4%
1870 2,195 1.9%
1880 2,575 17.3%
1890 2,368 * −8.0%
1900 2,191 * −7.5%
1910 2,974 35.7%
1920 2,760 * −7.2%
1930 3,430 24.3%
1940 3,889 13.4%
1950 4,599 18.3%
1960 6,718 46.1%
1970 8,725 29.9%
1980 11,373 30.3%
1990 14,771 29.9%
2000 16,405 11.1%
2010 18,911 15.3%
Est. 2012 18,877 [11] −0.2%
Population sources:1810-2000[28]
1800-1920[29] 1840[30] 1850-1870[31]
1850[32] 1870[33] 1880-1890[34]
1890-1910[35] 1910-1930[36]
1930-1990[37] 2000[38][39] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[20]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,911 people, 7,256 households, and 4,934 families residing in the township. The population density was 268.9 per square mile (103.8 /km2). There were 9,296 housing units at an average density of 132.2 per square mile (51.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 83.11% (15,716) White, 10.41% (1,969) Black or African American, 0.18% (34) Native American, 1.79% (339) Asian, 0.05% (9) Pacific Islander, 1.97% (373) from other races, and 2.49% (471) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.09% (962) of the population.[8]

There were 7,256 households, of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.[8]

In the township, 20.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $57,244 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,225) and the median family income was $66,451 (+/- $6,897). Males had a median income of $49,645 (+/- $5,272) versus $48,029 (+/- $5,201) for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,087 (+/- $1,866). About 4.4% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[40]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 16,405 people, 6,009 households, and 4,218 families residing in the township. The population density was 230.2 people per square mile (88.9/km²). There were 7,510 housing units at an average density of 105.4 per square mile (40.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 85.21% White, 10.86% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.12% of the population.[38][39]

There were 6,009 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08.[38][39]

In the township the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.[38][39]

The median income for a household in the township was $41,533, and the median income for a family was $49,030. Males had a median income of $37,531 versus $27,166 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,805. About 8.6% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.[38][39]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Middle Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, the Township Committee consists of Mayor Tim Donohue (R), Deputy Mayor Dan Lockwood (R) and Committeeman Mike Clark (D).[41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Middle Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[42] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[9][43][44]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[48][49]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Cape May County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year; At an annual reorganization held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Director and another to serve as Vice-Director.[53] As of 2013, Cape May County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Gerald M. Thornton (Middle Township, term ends December 31, 2013),[54] Freeholder Vice-Director Leonard C. Desiderio (Sea Isle City, 2015),[55] Kristine Gabor (Upper Township, 2014)[56] and Will Morey (Wildwood Crest, 2014),[57] along with the vacant seat of M. Susan Sheppard expiring in 2013 that was vacated after Sheppard was sworn in as County Surrogate.[53][58] The county's constitutional officers are Sheriff Gary Schafer (Ocean City, 2014),[59][60] Surrogate M. Susan Sheppard (Ocean City, 2015)[61] and County Clerk Rita Fulginiti (Ocean City, 2013).[62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 12,114 registered voters in Middle Township, of which 3,041 (25.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,823 (31.6%) were registered as Republicans and 5,244 (43.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[63]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 49.5% of the vote here (4,483 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 48.4% (4,389 votes), with 9,059 ballots cast among the township's 11,493 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.8%.[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 54.0% of the vote here (4,391 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 44.1% (3,586 votes), with 8,133 ballots cast among the township's 10,977 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.1.[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.4% of the vote here (3,024 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.5% (2,593 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.1% (381 votes), with 6,244 ballots cast among the township's 12,320 registered voters, yielding a 50.7% turnout.[66]

Education[edit]

The Middle Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Middle Township Elementary School #1[68] for grades PreK-2 (700 students), Middle Township Elementary School #2[69] for grades 3-5 (563 students), Middle Township Middle School[70] for grades 6-8 (566 students), and Middle Township High School[71] for grades 9-12 (894 students).[72] Students from Avalon, Dennis Township and Stone Harbor attend the district's high school as part of sending/receiving relationships.[73][74]

The district was categorized in 2005 as being "In Need of Improvement" under the terms of the No Child Left Behind Act.[75]

Community[edit]

Cape Regional Medical Center, located in Cape May Court House, is the only hospital in Cape May County. It was known as Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital until April 2007.[76]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Middle Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Description of Offices, Middle Township. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  5. ^ Clerk's Office, Middle Township. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 9.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Middle, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Middle township, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Middle township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Cape May Court House, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Cape May Court House, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 114. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Burleigh CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Cape May Court House CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  23. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Rio Grande CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  24. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Whitesboro CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  25. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  26. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  27. ^ Cape May County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
  28. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cape May County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  30. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  31. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 261, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 9, 2013. "Middle township was incorporated in 1798 and contained in 1850, 1,884 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,155; and in 1870, 3,443. About one half of this township is salt marsh or sea beach. It extends across the township from the Atlantic ocean to Delaware bay. Goshen is a post village about five miles northwest of the court house and contains about twenty five dwellings. The post village of Cape May Court House is in the central part of the county between Great Sound and Jenkins Sound and about eighty miles from Trenton in a straight line. It contained in 1870 1,348 inhabitants."
  32. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  33. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  34. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  35. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  36. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  37. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  38. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Middle township, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Middle township, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  40. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Middle Township, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  41. ^ Township Directory, Middle Township. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  46. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  48. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  49. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  51. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ a b Freeholders Home Page, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Gerald M. Thornton, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  55. ^ Leonard C. Desiderio, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  56. ^ Kristine Gabor, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  57. ^ Will Morey, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  58. ^ Cape May County Installs Returning Freeholder Leonard Desiderio and Names Director and Vice-Director, Cape May County, New Jersey, January 3, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Freeholder Leonard C. Desiderio, who was re-elected in November to serve a three-year term, was sworn in by Superior Court Judge J. Christopher Gibson.... Additionally at the meeting, Freeholder Gerald M. Thornton was re-elected Director of the Board and Freeholder Desiderio was elected Vice-Director."
  59. ^ Sheriff's Office, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  60. ^ Sheriff, Cape May County Sheriff. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  61. ^ Surrogate, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  62. ^ County Clerk's Office, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  63. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cape May, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  64. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  65. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  66. ^ 2009 Governor: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  67. ^ School Data for the Middle Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  68. ^ Middle Township Elementary School #1, Middle Township Public Schools. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  69. ^ Middle Township Elementary School #2, Middle Township Public Schools. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  70. ^ Middle Township Middle School, Middle Township Public Schools. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  71. ^ Middle Township High School, Middle Township Public Schools. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  72. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Middle Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  73. ^ Middle Township High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 24, 2013. "Middle Township High School is a four-year, accredited, comprehensive high school situated in central Cape May County. The school serves the communities of Middle Township, Dennis Township, Avalon, and Stone Harbor."
  74. ^ Home page, Middle Township Public Schools. Accessed September 24, 2013. "In addition to students from Middle Township, students from Avalon, Dennis Township and Stone Harbor attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships."
  75. ^ DOE Finalizes "Districts In Need of Improvement" List, New Jersey Department of Education press release, April 20, 2005. Accessed July 22, 2007.
  76. ^ Ianieri, Brian. "Bye bye, Burdette: Hospital has new name / Switch to Cape Regional Medical Center reflects new services, officials say", The Press of Atlantic City, April 3, 2007. Accessed October 17, 2012. "Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital's name became history Monday morning, as Cape May County's only hospital changed its name abruptly to Cape Regional Medical Center."
  77. ^ Berg, Aimee. "Disabled Skier Designs His Way to Be a Daredevil", The New York Times, December 13, 2006. Accessed September 24, 2013. "These days, Bramble builds the 32-pound aluminum and steel contraptions in a converted woodshop behind the two-story home that he built for his parents in Cape May Court House, N.J., before the accident. He and his fiancée, Leslie, live in an apartment above the shop, which he reaches via an open-air elevator that he also engineered."
  78. ^ Degener, Richard. "Middle Township mother rejoices in Gadhafi's death". Press of Atlantic City. October 20, 2011. Retrieved on April 29, 2012.
  79. ^ Andrew J. Tomlin, Congressional Medal of Honor Society of the United States of America. Accessed July 9, 2013.

External links[edit]