Middle colic artery

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Artery: Middle colic artery
Gray537.png
The superior mesenteric artery and its branches. (Middle colic visible at center top.)
Colonic blood supply.svg
Colonic blood supply (Middle colic artery is #6)
Latin arteria colica media
Gray's p.609
Supplies transverse colon
Source superior mesenteric artery
Vein Middle colic vein
MeSH a_61

The middle colic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery that mostly supplies the transverse colon. It arises just below the pancreas, and, passing inferiorly and anteriorly between the layers of the transverse mesocolon, divides into two branches: right and left.

This sequence of anastomses are frequently referred to as the marginal artery of the colon.

The arches thus formed are placed about two fingers’ breadth from the transverse colon, to which they distribute branches.

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.