|Black Creek (Florida), Middleburg United Methodist Church, Middleburg High School, Jennings State Forest|
|Clay County and the state of Florida|
|• Total||18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)|
|• Land||18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||33 ft (10 m)|
|• Density||564.9/sq mi (218.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||32050, 32068|
|GNIS feature ID||0286819|
Middleburg is an unincorporated area within Clay County, Florida, United States, located 29 miles southwest of downtown Jacksonville, Florida and 16 miles northwest of Green Cove Springs, Florida. It is home to Middleburg High School. According to the US Census Bureau, Middleburg is a census-designated place (CDP) with the population of 13,008 at the 2010 census.
Middleburg is located at (30.050783, -81.902013).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 18.3 square miles (47.3 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,008 people living in 4,891 housing units within the CDP. Between the 2000 and 2010 census, Middleburg realized a population increase of 2,670 individuals. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.9% White, 3.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.87% under the age of 18, 75.13% age of 18 or over, and 10.36% age of 65 or over. The population is 49.7% female and 50.3% male.
The city was settled in the early 1820s as Garey's Ferry, evolving from a transportation hub between St. Johns River and the interior of present day Florida. The establishment of Fort Heilman during the Second Seminole War (1835-1842) boosted the population to 800. The town originally was separated into two towns, that of Whitesville and that of Garey's Ferry. Whitesville later changed its name to Webster and eventually just became part of Garey's Ferry, which later became known as Middleburg.
Served by roads and riverboats, in the 1840s the name was changed to Middleburg, after the Dutch city of Middelburg. The economic staples of the area were timber, citrus, and farming. The city became the first Clay County seat in 1858.
The population numbered 700 in 1890. In 1895, a big freeze and lessening of the river trade caused the city to decline again.
- Gary Barnidge, NFL tight end
- Roy Geiger, USMC WWII General
- Richard Owens, NFL tight end
- Fit For Rivals, rock band
- The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus, rock band
- Slim Whitman, country singer and song writer
- Ashley Greene, American Actress
- Donnie Van Zant, Musician for 38 Special, Van Zant
- Frank Thomas , Folk singer and song writer (Performances by Frank and Ann Thomas at the Stephen Foster Center in White Springs, Florida; and PBS).
- Vivian Thomas, poem and history writer (Vivian's Book of Poems and the History of Oak Grove Baptist Church, 1992; see Oak Grove Baptist Church History Committee for more information and published poems).
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- "Florida State Marks - Clay County". Retrieved 2007-06-24.