Middleburg, Pennsylvania

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Middleburg
Borough
Middleburg, Pennsylvania
Middleburg, Pennsylvania
Middleburg is located in Pennsylvania
Middleburg
Middleburg
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°47′17″N 77°2′36″W / 40.78806°N 77.04333°W / 40.78806; -77.04333Coordinates: 40°47′17″N 77°2′36″W / 40.78806°N 77.04333°W / 40.78806; -77.04333
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Snyder
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,382
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (600/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC)
ZIP code 17842
Area code(s) 570
Map of Snyder County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Middleburg is a borough in Snyder County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,382 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Snyder County.[1] Middleburg is part of the Selinsgrove, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, and is also part of the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Native Americans had lived in the region for centuries. White settlers are recorded living in the area in 1755. Middleburg was originally named Swinefordstown (Swinefordstettle in the Pennsylvania Dutch dialect) after John Albright Swineford who ran a tavern here in 1787. He was also the owner of land located on the north bank of the Middle Creek on which engineer Frederick Evans laid out the town in 1800.[2] This town became known as Middleburgh circa 1825, and was incorporated as a borough in 1864.[3]

A portion of the site that Middleburg occupies was the location of the Stump's Run Massacre in January of 1768. Stump's Run is located to the west of the Glendale Cemetery and is also near the Snyder County Historical Society. In this incident, two colonists named Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter were found to be responsible for the deaths of four Native American men, three Native American women, and three children over a two-day period. Four of the men and two of the women were killed at Stump's cabin, which was located at the mouth of the Middle Creek near Selinsgrove. After Stump and Ironcutter shoved the bodies through a hole in the ice, they traveled up the creek to Stump's Run to kill the remaining woman and the children. These bodies were thrown into the native cabins, and the cabins burned. Although the men claimed self-defense, it is suspected that this could have been provoked by a drunken brawl, or that the natives were killed by Stump in retaliation for the deaths of his wife and children at the hands of Native American raiders. The two men were arrested and taken to the Cumberland County jail at Carlisle for trial, but were freed at the hands of a sympathetic mob. The men were never recaptured.[4]

The section of the borough located on the southern bank of the Middle Creek was developed in a manner entirely different from that of the settlement on the northern bank. This portion of the town began with a few pioneer homes and a grist mill known as the Franklin Roller Mills. When the Sunbury and Lewistown Railroad was constructed, more lots for homes were laid out, and the southern section of the town was first known as Franklin, and later, Swineford.[5] In January 1917, the property owners in Swineford petitioned the Middleburgh borough for annexation, and this wish was granted in February of the same year.[6]

Despite the fact that the two towns were united under one government in 1917, two separate and distinct post offices operated in the borough until March 1955, when the Swineford post office was closed. The Swineford name is still used by the Swineford National Bank, which was founded in Swineford in 1903 and is listed as a part of the Fulton Financial Family in 2013.[7]

A major employer in the town following the Second World War was the Middleburg Tannery. This facility was located in the Swineford section of Middleburg on the south bank of the Middle Creek. It employed nearly sixty men and women that tanned high grade sole leather. Most of the raw material used at the plant came from South America, and many of the finished products were used in the manufacture of Florsheim Shoes. The tannery complex was leveled by a devastating fire in June 1967 and it was never rebuilt.[8]

Middleburg is also home to the main processing plant of Ira Middleswarth and Son, Inc., the manufacturer of Middleswarth Potato Chips.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.

Government[edit]

The Borough is governed by a council which has seven members who are elected-at-large. There is also an elected mayor.[9] The Borough Council meets on the second Tuesday of each month at 7:30 p.m. in the Council Chambers of the Middleburg Borough Office Building, 13 North Main Street, Middleburg. The borough operates its own police department headed by a chief of police. The Borough levies various taxes to fund its spending.[10][11]

Residents are also governed at the county level. There are three, elected at large, Snyder County Commissioners. In 2014, they are: Joseph E. Kantz, Chairman; Malcolm L. Derk III, Vice Chairman and Peggy Chamberlain Roup.[12] The County levies several taxes and receives funding from both the state and federal government. The County is mandated by the Pennsylvania General Assembly to provide many social services to residents.[13][14]

Middleburg is in the 82nd District for the Pennsylvania General Assembly held by C. Adam Harris. Pennsylvania Senate, District 27 is held by John Gordner. Middleburg is in the United States House of Representatives 10th District held by Rep. Thomas Marino. Pennsylvania is represented in the United States Senate by Senator Bob Casey, Jr. and Senator Pat Toomey.

Schools[edit]

Map of Snyder County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Residents of Middleburg may attend the local, public schools operated by Midd-West School District. The District provides full day kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2013, the Midd-West School District's enrollment declined to 2,200 students.[15] In 2011, Midd-West School District enrollment was 2,202 pupils.[16] The District's enrollment was 2,388 pupils in 2005-06.[17] Midd-West School District operates: Midd-West High School (9th-12th), Midd-West Middle School (6th-8th), Middleburg Elementary School (K-5th), and West Snyder Elementary School (K-5th). In 2013, Midd-West School District’s graduation rate was 86%.[18] The District's administrative offices are located in Middleburg.

In 2013, the Pittsburgh Business Times ranked Midd-West School District 313th out of 496 public schools for academic achievement of its pupils.[19] In 2012, Midd-West School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) despite the low academic achievement at the high school.[20]

Alternatively, school aged students can attend the taxpayer funded SUN Area Technical Institute, located in New Berlin, for training in the building trades, auto mechanics, culinary arts, allied health careers and other areas. SUN Area Technical Institute is funded by a consortium of the school districts, which includes: Midd-West School District, Lewisburg Area School District, Shikellamy School District, Mifflinburg Area School District and Selinsgrove Area School District.

Middleburg residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2013) at no additional cost to the parents. This includes SusQ Cyber Charter School which is locally operated. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools.[21][22] The tuition rate that Midd-West School District must pay was $9,626.31 in 2012. By Commonwealth law, when the District provides transportation for its own students, then the District must provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders. Residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit #16 provides a wide variety of services to children living in its region, which includes Middleburg. Early screening, early intervention, special education services, speech and hearing therapy, autistic support, preschool classes and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements. Intermediate units receive taxpayer funding: through subsidies paid by member school districts; through direct charges to users for some services; through the successful application for state and federal competitive grants and through private grants.

Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania is a public university located in Bloomsburg. It is one of the 14 state universities that make up the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE). Bloomsburg University is the closest PASSHE institution to Middleburg. Eleventh and twelfth grade students may attend the University at a significant tuition discount through its Dual Enrollment program earning college credits while also earning their high school diploma. The university operates a summer college program called ACE,[23] where high school students can earn credits at a 75% tuition discount. The credits are transferable to many other Pennsylvania universities through the state’s TRAC system.[24]

Libraries[edit]

Middleburg Community Library is a public library that is part of the Snyder County Library system. It is located in the Community Building, 13 North Main Street, Middleburg. (570) 837-5931 Patrons have free use of the PA Power Library and Access Pennsylvania which provide extensive online resources for children and adults. In February 2011 the library was renovated and updated.[citation needed] There are also branches of the library system at 111 W. Walnut Street, Beavertown, and Library Lane in McClure.

Snyder County Historical Society is located 30 East Market Street in the borough. It operates a small museum and has genealogy data for Snyder County. [1]

There are three regular regional newspapers: The Snyder County Times (headquartered in borough), The Shopper, and The Daily Item.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 370
1880 398 7.6%
1890 420 5.5%
1900 513 22.1%
1910 531 3.5%
1920 984 85.3%
1930 1,024 4.1%
1940 1,124 9.8%
1950 1,283 14.1%
1960 1,366 6.5%
1970 1,369 0.2%
1980 1,357 −0.9%
1990 1,422 4.8%
2000 1,382 −2.8%
2010 1,309 −5.3%
Est. 2012 1,295 −1.1%
Sources:[25][26][27]

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 1,382 people, 611 households, and 378 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,557.3 people per square mile (599.5/km2). There were 653 housing units at an average density of 735.8 per square mile (283.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.55% White, 0.43% African American, 0.29% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population.

There were 611 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,766, and the median income for a family was $36,944. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $22,422 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,660. About 9.2% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Local places renamed, The Writings of Agnes Selin Schoch, reprinted by Snyder County Times, February 23, 2008.
  3. ^ Middleburg Bicentennial Committee: Middleburg, A Bicentennial Book, page 1. Country Print Shop, 1976.
  4. ^ Dunkelberger, George F.: The Story of Snyder County, pps. 228-233. Gateway Press, Inc., 1997.
  5. ^ Middleburg Bicentennial Committee: Middleburg, A Bicentennial Book, pps. 1 and 2. Country Print Shop, 1976.
  6. ^ Middleburg Bicentennial Committee: Middleburg, A Bicentennial Book, page 2. Country Print Shop, 1976.
  7. ^ Middleburg Bicentennial Committee: Middleburg, A Bicentennial Book, page 5. Country Print Shop, 1976.
  8. ^ Middleburg Bicentennial Committee: Middleburg, A Bicentennial Book, page 24. Country Print Shop, 1976.
  9. ^ Snyder County Commissioners, 2014 Local Government Officials Directory, 2014
  10. ^ Governor’s Center for Local Government Services (June 2010). "Borough Council Handbook". 
  11. ^ Governor’s Center for Local Government Services (February 2002). "Manual for Local Taxpayers Bill of Rights and Real Property Taxpayer Programs Under Act 50 of 1998". 
  12. ^ Snyder County Commissioners, The Commissioners of Snyder County, 2014
  13. ^ Governor's Center for Local Government Services (June 2003). "Citizen's Guide to Pennsylvania Local Government". 
  14. ^ Governor’s Center for Local Government Services (2003). "County Commissioners Handbook". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "District Fast Facts Midd-West School District". 
  16. ^ National Center For Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Midd-West School District, 2011
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Enrollment and Projections by LEA 2005-06 - 2020, July 2010
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Midd-West High School - School Performance Profile 2013". 
  19. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 5, 2013). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide ranking 2013". 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Midd-West School District AYP Overview 2012". 
  21. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools". 
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?". 
  23. ^ Bloomsburg University administration (2014). "HIgh School Students ACE". 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Center (2014). "Take Your Credits with You". 
  25. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  27. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]