||This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
|— Town —|
|Town of Middleburg|
|Motto: Semel et Semper|
|• Mayor||Betsy Davis|
|• Total||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|• Land||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||486 ft (148 m)|
|• Density||1,083.3/sq mi (420.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern Time Zone (ET) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1470422|
The town was established in 1787 by American Revolutionary War Lieutenant Colonel and Virginia statesman, John Leven Powell. He purchased the land for Middleburg at $2.50 per acre from Joseph Chinn, a first cousin of George Washington. It had been called "Chinn's Crossroads", and was then called Powell Town. When Leven Powell declined to have the town named after him, the town was called Middleburgh, and later, simply Middleburg. The village is located midway between the port of Alexandria and Winchester, Virginia, on the Ashby Gap trading route (now followed by U.S. Route 50).
From the early 1900s, Middleburg began welcoming visitors who participated in foxhunting and steeplechasing. The village soon earned a reputation as the "Nation's Horse and Hunt Capital", attracting prominent visitors from across the U.S. Middleburg is the home of the 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) National Sporting Library research center for horse and field sports, which publishes Thoroughbred Heritage on the Internet. A new addition is being made to include an art gallery and museum.
The Middleburg Historic District, comprising the 19th-century center of town, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Red Fox Inn, the oldest building in town, and billed as the oldest continually operated inn in the U.S.
Middleburg is located at .(38.968411, -77.737631)
As of the census of 2000, there were 632 people, 322 households, and 171 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,083.8 people per square mile (420.7/km²). There were 364 housing units at an average density of 624.2 per square mile (242.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 76.58% White, 20.25% African American, 0.16% Asian, 1.27% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.27% of the population.
There were 322 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.57.
In the town the population was spread out with 16.9% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 72.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,625, and the median income for a family was $60,313. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $32,708 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,643. About 6.7% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
In popular culture 
Middleburg was named as the location of the mysterious crop circles in the horror film spoof Scary Movie 3 (2003). The film shows an actual map of the Middleburg area, complete with actual surrounding towns and Route 15 pictured on the map.
The New Hampshire scenes in the season three "Manchester" episodes of The West Wing were filmed in Middleburg.
Notable natives or residents 
- Charles T. Akre, investor, financier and businessman
- Melanie Blunt, former First Lady of Missouri (2005–2009)
- Jack Kent Cooke (1912–1997), businessman and former owner of the Washington Redskins, Baltimore Orioles, and the Los Angeles Lakers
- Robert Duvall (born 1931), is an American actor and director. He has won an Academy Award, two Emmy Awards, four Golden Globe Awards and a BAFTA over the course of his career.
- Sam Huff(born 1934), retired American football player for the Washington Redskins and New York Giants. Pro Football Hall of Fame class of 1982, 70 Greatest Redskins, 5X All-Pro, NFL All-Decade 1950's.
- Sheila Johnson, Billionaire, Co-founder of BET, and local developer
- Paul Mellon (1907-1999), philanthropist and race-horse breeder and owner
- Alice du Pont Mills (1912–2002), aviatrix, thoroughbred race-horse breeder and owner, environmentalist and philanthropist; a member of the Du Pont family
- Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1929–1994), book editor and First Lady of the United States (1961–1963); a member of the Kennedy family
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917–1963), 35th President of the United States (1961-1963); a member of the Kennedy family
- Wendy Pepper (born 1964), fashion designer
- Bruce Sundlun (born 1920), businessman, lawyer and politician; former Governor of Rhode Island (1991–1995)
- Elizabeth Taylor (1932–2011), actress, jewelry and perfume designer, activist
- John Warner (born 1927), lawyer and politician; former U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1972–1974), former U.S. Senator from Virginia (1979–2009)
- Keshia Knight Pulliam (born 1979) is an American actress, best known for her role on The Cosby Show as Rudy Huxtable
- Stephanie Zimbalist is an American actress, best known for her role as Laura Holt on Remington Steele
- Purcellville Gazette, a weekly newspaper, based in Purcellville, Virginia, serving Middleburg and western Loudoun County.
- Middleburg Eccentric (middleburgeccentric.com), Middleburg's only locally owned and operated newspaper.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- From Middleburg Virginia book by Kate Brenner & Genie Ford, viewed at Google Books preview page 7
- Red Fox Inn was original built in 1628 by Joseph Chinn as Chinn's Ordinary and the area was called Chinn's Crossroads, later Powell Town, and finally Middleburg
- Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (December 1981). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Middleburg Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Middleburg, VA Maps, Facts & Figures". hometownlocator.com. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- Wendy Pepper Biography
- Moon, Vicky. The Middleburg Mystique: A Peek Inside the Gates of Middleburg, Virginia (2001) Capital Books ISBN 978-1-931868-02-0 www.middleburgmystique.com
- Hunt Country Stable Tour
- Civil Rights Movement in Middleburg Virginia
- middleburg.org, Town of Middleburg's official website
- middleburg.com, Middleburg Online, a commercial, general-information website
- "Middleburg Historic District", at The Journey Through Hallowed Ground Partnership, a non-profit organization dedicated to raising national awareness of the history in the region from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to Charlottesville, Virginia