|• Total||3.78 sq mi (9.79 km2)|
|• Land||3.76 sq mi (9.74 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||833 ft (254 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,470|
|• Density||909.6/sq mi (351.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0439113|
Middlebury is a town in Middlebury Township, Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. It is located approximately 35 miles east of South Bend, 130 miles east of Chicago, Illinois and 165 miles north of Indianapolis. Middlebury is nestled in Northern Indiana's Amish country. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 3,420.
Middlebury is located at . It sits on the banks of the Little Elkhart River in the middle of a mix of rolling hills and rural farm land.(41.673863, -85.709443)
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 3.78 square miles (9.8 km2), of which 3.76 square miles (9.7 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.
Before the Europeans came to the region, the Miami and later the Potawatomi ruled the area. That changed in 1832, when the first settlers came from Middlebury, Vermont. They chose this specific area because the rolling hills reminded them of Vermont. Later, in 1841, the first Amish families came from Ohio and settled in the countryside surrounding the town. Middlebury Township was organized in 1834 and the town of Middlebury was finally incorporated in 1868. In 1888, the railroad came to Middlebury and began to diversify the town's economy to include manufacturing as well as farming.
As of the census, of 2010, there were 3,420 people, 1,263 households, and 822 families residing in the town. The population density was 911.1 people per square mile (351.7/km²). There were 1,341 housing units at an average density of 357.8 per square mile (138.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.6% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.
There were 1,263 households of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11.
The population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $54,714, and the median income for a family was $68,273. Males had a median income of $48,894 versus $34,688 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,825. 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were living below the poverty line, including 6.3% under eighteens and 7.1% of those over 65.
The Middlebury Community School system attracts many families to the area. The grade alignment is K-3, 4-5, 6-8, and 9-12. Northridge opened in 1969 and replaced the aging Middlebury and Jefferson Township High Schools. The high school will move into a new building for the 2008-09 school year, the old high school will become Northridge Middle School and Heritage Middle School will become an intermediate school.
Jefferson Elementary was torn down and replaced in 1998 shortly after Orchard View had opened in 1995. In addition to the schools, the Middlebury Library opened in 1991, and was expanded a decade later.
Middlebury's economy is based on farming, manufacturing, and tourism. A $95,000 earmark was included in the federal FY2009 Omnibus Appropriations Bill to fund "Middlebury Economic Development, IN for development of a comprehensive plan for economic development that takes into account infrastructure needs, land use planning, and downtown redevelopment while balancing the needs of the large Amish population with that of the broader community."
Two major manufacturers of recreational vehicles, Jayco and Coachmen Industries, Inc., have production facilities in Middlebury. Culver Duck Farms, the 2nd largest white pekin duck producer and grower in the United States is located in Middlebury, shipping 70,000+ ducks a week worldwide. Syndicate Systems' largest facility, for the manufacture of retail shelving is also located in town. The Meijer Central Kitchen produces deli salads, deli sandwiches, cookies, and sub buns for the entire Meijer department store chain and is also a distribution center.
Much of Middlebury's tourism revolves around Das Dutchman Essenhaus. The Amish-themed restaurant, inn, conference center, and shops serve over 750,000 people every year. The facility also has a wholesale food operation on site which ships various home-made products.
- Eric Stults - Pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers, from Bethel College. He currently lives with family in Middlebury during the offseason.
- Justin Yoder - Disabled soapbox driver born in Middlebury. He currently attends nearby Goshen College.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- Welcome To Town of Middlebury
- Taxpayers for Common Sense "7.7 Billion in Earmarks in 2009 Omnibus Spending Bill" http://www.taxpayer.net/resources.php?category=&type=Project&proj_id=1961&action=Headlines%20By%20TCS 2009-03-10 Retrieved on 2009-03-13
- "About Us - Company History". Das Dutchman Essenhaus. Retrieved March 11, 2012.