Middlesbrough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Middlesbrough
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Middlesbrough in Cleveland.
Outline map
Location of Cleveland within England.
County Cleveland
Electorate 65,851 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Andy McDonald (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West
18681918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West
Created from North Riding of Yorkshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Middlesbrough is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Andy McDonald from Labour.[n 2]

History[edit]

Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1867 for the general election the next year, however the population expanded so was split into east/west areas in 1918. From its second creation for the February 1974 general election, the seat has been served by an MP in the Labour Party.

The 2012 by-election result was remarkable in seeing UKIP finish second, behind the large winning Labour share of the vote which would have seen Labour ranked 17th (behind 9 Scottish seats and 8 English seats) against their results for 2010 in the 632 mainland seats.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of the constituency are loosely based on the pre 1968 County Borough of Middlesbrough boundaries, which is now defined as the Borough (or Town) of Middlesbrough; the exclusions are its Easterside and Park End Wards, instead in Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland.

In the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission's proposals were approved by Parliament that the constituency have the electoral wards:

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is mostly the urban city itself, largely in the sunset of its once world-leading steel-making output, its adult population has mostly a low income with high unemployment, however with modern advanced engineering, design and tourism the city forms with nearby Redcar a bellwether for the North East region's economy firmly in the British forefront of a determined return to increasing national output.[4] In November 2012 male and female unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed Middlesbrough topmost of 29 constituencies in the region, well ahead for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas this area had 9.4% claimants.[5]

In terms of housing stock, the authority is one of few authorities to see the proportion of detached and semi-detached homes increase (to 13.6% and 39.9%), in this instance this was coupled with a similar rise in flats to 11.9%, all at a loss to the share of terraced properties, down 4.7%.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1868–1918[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1868 Henry William Ferdinand Bolckow Liberal
1878 by-election Isaac Wilson Liberal
1892 Joseph Havelock Wilson Independent Labour, later Liberal-Labour
1900 Sir Samuel Alexander Sadler Conservative
1906 Joseph Havelock Wilson Liberal-Labour
January 1910 Penry Williams Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West

MPs since 1974[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
Feb 1974 Arthur Bottomley Labour
1983 Sir Stuart Bell Labour
2012 by-election Andy McDonald Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Richard Kilpatrick[8]
Labour Andy McDonald
Middlesbrough by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andy McDonald 10,201 60.5 +14.6
UKIP Richard Elvin 1,990 11.8 +8.1
Liberal Democrat George Selmer 1,672 9.9 −10.0
Conservative Ben Houchen 1,063 6.3 −12.5
Peace Imdad Hussain 1,060 6.3 N/A
BNP Peter Foreman 328 1.9 −3.9
TUSC John Malcolm 277 1.6 N/A
no description Mark Heslehurst 275 1.6 N/A
Majority 8,211
Turnout 16,866
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Middlesbrough[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Stuart Bell 15,351 45.9 −11.7
Liberal Democrat Chris Foote-Wood 6,662 19.9 +1.2
Conservative John Walsh 6,283 18.8 +2.3
Independent Joan McTigue 1,969 5.9 +5.9
BNP Michael Ferguson 1,954 5.8 +3.3
UKIP Robert Parker 1,236 3.7 +1.3
Majority 8,689 26.0
Turnout 33,455 51.4 +2.7
Labour hold Swing −6.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Stuart Bell 18,562 57.8 −9.8
Liberal Democrat Joe Michna 5,995 18.7 +8.3
Conservative Caroline Flynn-Macleod 5,263 16.4 −2.7
BNP Ron Armes 819 2.5 N/A
UKIP Michael Landers 768 2.4 N/A
Independent Jackie Elder 503 1.6 N/A
Independent Derrick Arnott 230 0.7 N/A
Majority 12,567 39.1
Turnout 32,140 48.8 −1.0
Labour hold Swing −9.0
General Election 2001: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Bell 22,783 67.6 −3.9
Conservative Alex Finn 6,453 19.1 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Keith Miller 3,512 10.4 +1.9
Socialist Alliance Geoffrey Kerr-Morgan 577 1.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Kai Anderson 392 1.2 N/A
Majority 16,330 48.5
Turnout 33,717 49.8 −15.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Bell 32,925 71.43 +7.3
Conservative Liam Benham 7,907 17.15 −8.6
Liberal Democrat Alison Charlesworth 3,934 8.53 −1.7
Referendum Party Robert Edwards 1,331 2.89 N/A
Majority 25,018 54.27
Turnout 65.00
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Middlesbrough[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Bell 26,343 64.1 +4.4
Conservative Paul R. Rayner 10,559 25.7 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Rosamund Jordan 4,201 10.2 −5.1
Majority 15,784 38.4 +3.7
Turnout 41,103 69.8 −1.1
Labour hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Bell 25,747 59.70
Conservative R.J. Orr-Ewing 10,789 25.02
Liberal P.A. Hawley 6,594 15.29
Majority 14,958 36.7
Turnout 70.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Bell 21,220 50.7
Conservative Mrs. L.H. Campey 11,551 27.6
Liberal Rev. A.D. Sanders 8,871 21.2
Workers Revolutionary M.A. Simpson 207 0.5
Majority 9,669 23.1
Turnout 66.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Bottomley 24,872 56.2
Conservative C Fenwick 13,463 30.4
Liberal Peter Freitag 4,023 9.1
Workers Revolutionary M Simpson 1,018 2.3
Independent Labour J Wilcox 861 2.0
Majority 11,409 25.8
Turnout 67.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Bottomley 22,791 61.8
Conservative Edward Leigh 8,984 24.4
Liberal Chris Foote Wood 5,080 13.8
Majority 13,807 37.5
Turnout 61.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Bottomley 27,324 66.3 N/A
Conservative Geoffrey Dickens 13,915 33.7 N/A
Majority 13,409 32.5 N/A
Turnout 41,239 69.4 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Havelock Wilson
General Election 1906: Middlesbrough[11]

Electorate 20,322

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Havelock Wilson 9,271 52.6 +2.8
Conservative Sir Samuel Alexander Sadler 6,864 39.0 -11.3
Independent Labour George Lansbury 1,484 8.4 n/a
Majority 2,407 13.6 14.0
Turnout 86.7
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Isaac Wilson Unopposed
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Isaac Wilson 6,961 63.3 +1.6
Conservative R. Dixon 4,035 36.7 +14.5
Majority 2,926 26.6 −12.9
Turnout 10,996 79.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1880: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Isaac Wilson 4,515 61.7 −7.0
Conservative Samuel Sadler 1,626 22.2 −9.1
Lib-Lab E. D. Lewis 1,171 16.0 N/A
Majority 2,889 39.5
Turnout 7,312 68.7
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

By-election 5 July 1878: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Isaac Wilson 5,307 68.7 +9.3
Conservative Samuel Sadler 2,415 31.3 +15.4
Majority 2,902 37.6
Turnout 7,722 65.3 N/A
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1874: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henry Bolckow 3,719 59.4 N/A
Lib-Lab J. Kane 1,541 19.1 N/A
Conservative W. R. J. Hopkins 996 15.9 N/A
Majority 2,178 34.8 N/A
Turnout 6,256 70.6 N/A
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Middlesbrough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henry Bolckow Unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  3. ^ Review area – Middlesbrough Boundary Commission for England
  4. ^ Constituency Profile The Guardian
  5. ^ Unemployment statistics The Guardian
  6. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  7. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/middlesbrough-2015.html
  9. ^ "UK > England > North East > Middlesbrough". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.