Middlesbrough East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Middlesbrough East
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County North Riding of Yorkshire
19181974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Middlesbrough
Created from Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough East was a parliamentary constituency in the town of Middlesbrough in North East England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the February 1974 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Penry Williams Liberal
1922 John Wesley Brown Conservative
1923 Penry Williams Liberal
1924 Ellen Wilkinson Labour
1931 Ernest Young Liberal
1935 Alfred Edwards Labour
1948 Independent
1949 Conservative
1950 Hilary Marquand Labour
1962 by-election Arthur Bottomley Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Middlesbrough East[1]

Electorate 25,286

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Col. Penry Williams 8,470 69.2 n/a
Labour Lt. Frederick William Carey 3,776 30.8 n/a
Majority 4,694 38.4 n/a
Turnout 48.4 n/a
Liberal win

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Middlesbrough East[2]

Electorate 28,905

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Wesley Brown 8,885 39.0 n/a
Labour Martin Henry Conolly 7,607 33.4 +2.6
Liberal Penry Williams 6,295 27.6
Majority 1,278 5.6
Turnout 78.8 +30.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Middlesbrough East[3]

Electorate 29,430

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Penry Williams 9,241 40.6 +13.0
Labour Martin Henry Conolly 7,712 33.9 +0.5
Unionist James Reid 5,790 25.5 -13.5
Majority 1,529 6.7
Turnout 77.3 -1.5
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924: Middlesbrough East[4]

Electorate 29,747

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ellen Cicely Wilkinson 9,574 38.5
Unionist J R P Warde-Aldam 8,647 34.7
Liberal Penry Williams 6,688 26.8
Majority 927 3.8
Turnout 83.7
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Middlesbrough East[5]

Electorate 36,512

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ellen Cicely Wilkinson 12,215 41.3
Liberal Ernest James Young 9,016 30.6
Unionist John Wesley Brown 8,278 28.1
Majority 3,199 10.7
Turnout 80.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Middlesbrough East[6]

Electorate 35,978

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ernest James Young 18,409 60.4
Labour Ellen Cicely Wilkinson 12,080 39.6
Majority 6,329 20.8
Turnout 84.5
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Middlesbrough East[7]

Electorate 35,978

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alfred Edwards 12,699 44.0
Conservative B Chetwynd-Talbot 12,632 43.7
Liberal Ernest James Young 3,565 12.3
Majority 67 0.23
Turnout 81.14
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Middlesbrough East[8]

Electorate 34,922

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alfred Edwards 17,427 65.1
Conservative B Chetwynd-Talbot 9,352 34.9
Majority 8,075 30.2
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Adair Marquand 29,185 62.77
Conservative Alfred Edwards 12,402 26.67
Liberal William Stanley Russell Thomas 4,540 9.76
Communist N Levy 367 0.79
Majority 16,783 36.10
Turnout 82.90
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Adair Marquand 31,277 66.51
Conservative RM Turton 15,749 33.49
Majority 15,528 33.02
Turnout 80.93
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Adair Marquand
Conservative
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Adair Marquand
Conservative
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Middlesbrough East by-election, 1962[9]

Electorate 58,062

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur George Bottomley 18,928 60.6 -0.9
Liberal George E. Scott 7,145 22.9 n/a
Conservative Frederick A. S. Wood 4,613 14.8 -23.7
Union Movement Edward Jeffrey Hamm 550 1.7 n/a
Majority 11,783 37.7
Turnout 31,236 52.1 -24.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur George Bottomley 29,432 69.50
Conservative Frederick A. S. Wood 12,917 30.50
Majority 16,515 39.00
Turnout 72.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur George Bottomley 28,404 75.10
Conservative P Darby 9,420 24.90
Majority 18,984 50.19
Turnout 68.27
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Middlesbrough East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur George Bottomley 23,581 71.02
Conservative NN Laville 9,623 29.98
Majority 13,958 42.04
Turnout 60.35
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig
  9. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1964