Middlesbrough by-election, 2012
|Map showing the Middlesbrough Parliamentary constituency within the English county of Cleveland.|
The Middlesbrough by-election was a by-election for the Parliament of the United Kingdom's House of Commons constituency of Middlesbrough. The by-election was caused by the death of its Member of Parliament Sir Stuart Bell. It was held on 29 November 2012, the same day as by-elections in Croydon North and Rotherham.
UKIP selected Richard Elvin, chairman of the North East Regional Committee, as their candidate. He contested the Houghton and Sunderland South seat for UKIP in 2009. The Liberal Democrats selected George Selmer, who works in employment services, as their candidate. Stockton borough Councillor Ben Houchen was the Conservative candidate.
In November 2012, Councillor Imdad Hussain, who had been suspended from the Labour Party for two years after failing to disclose he had been banned as a company director, resigned from the party and announced he would be standing for the Peace Party in the by-election.
Campaigner Mark Heslehurst launched his candidacy as a self-styled 'independent Labour' candidate. He has no description on the ballot paper. Mark Heslehurst organises events to raise awareness of an issue related to his estranged partner and son, which has involved walking 500 miles to Downing Street.
The BNP candidate was Peter Foreman.
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition candidate John Malcolm is the Tees, Esk & Wear Valley Health Unison branch representative.
Hustings were held at St Barnabas' Church on 26 November 2012, hosted by Friends of the Earth. The lively proceedings went well, with members of the audience asking over 20 questions on topics ranging from education and services to employment and the environment. Six of the eight MP candidates were invited 
The Labour Party held the seat, with Andy McDonald elected as the new MP. Along with other by-elections held on the same day, there were sharp declines in the vote for the governing coalition parties, although this was the only one of the three at which they both retained their deposit, and the only one at which the Liberal Democrats finished ahead of the Conservatives. UKIP finished in second place. Previously they had only come second in one other parliamentary election (the Barnsley Central by-election in 2011). They also came second in the Rotherham contest held on the same date as the Middlesbrough election.
The result is also notable as the first time the Peace Party had ever retained their deposit at a parliamentary election.
|Middlesbrough by-election, 2012
Death of Sir Stuart Bell
Turnout: 16,866 (25.91%) −25.5
Majority: 8,211 (47.7%)
Swing: 3.3% from UKIP to Lab
|George Selmer||Liberal Democrat||1,672||9.9||−10.0|
|Mark Heslehurst||no description||275||1.6||N/A|
|General Election 2010
Turnout: 33,455 (51.4%) +2.7
Majority: 8,689 (26.0%)
Swing: 6.4% from Lab to Lib Dem
|Chris Foote-Wood||Liberal Democrat||6,662||19.9||+1.2|
- Middlesbrough by-election, 1878
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election
- "MP Bell dies after cancer battle". Bradford Telegraph & Argus. 13 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- Middlesbrough by-election date announced, by Robert Merrick, The Northern Echo, 2 November 2012
- Election Notice Middlesbrough.gov.uk
- By-election candidates confirmed, Middlesbrough Council
- "Middlesbrough by-election: Labour's Andy McDonald wins". BBC News (BBC). 30 November 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- More candidates announced for Middlesbrough's MP role Northern Echo
- Bradford councillor resigns from Labour party, Telegraph & Argus, 6 November 2012
- Mark Heslehurst Home Page
- 500 mile walk to try and get son back ITV News
- Mayor Ray Mallon not ruling out Middlesbrough MP bid, BBC News, 19 October 2012
- , Evening Gazette, 27 November 2012