Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency)

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Middlesex
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1265–1885
Number of members two
Replaced by Brentford, Ealing, Enfield, Harrow, Hornsey, Tottenham and Uxbridge

Middlesex is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

This county constituency consisted of the historic county of Middlesex, in south-eastern England, comprising Spelthorne, Colnbrook and Potters Bar in other modern counties and the north, west and north-west sectors of the modern Greater London. Its southern boundary was the River Thames.

The county seat returned two Members of Parliament (sometimes referred to by the ancient term of knights of the shire) until 1885. The place of election for the county was at Brentford.

Until 1832 the county franchise was limited to 40 shilling freeholders. The decrease in the value of money due to inflation and the expansion of the wealth and population as the urbanised area in the east around London and Westminster grew contributed to gradually expanding the electorate. The county was estimated by Henning to have about 1,660 voters in 1681. Sedgwick estimated about 3,000 electors in the 1715-1754 period. Namier and Brook suggested there were about 3,500 county voters 1754-1790. The number had reached about 6,000 by 1790-1820, according to Thorne.

For subsequent changes in the franchise see Reform Act 1832 and Reform Act 1867. From 1832 voters were registered; the size of the electorate is shown below.

The geographic county until 1885 also contained the borough constituencies of City of London (first recorded as having its extraordinary 4 seats from 1298) and Westminster (enfranchised with 2 seats from 1545). In 1832 three 2-seat Boroughs were added (enfranchised): Finsbury, Marylebone and Tower Hamlets. In 1868 two further metropolitan Boroughs were granted each 2-seats: Chelsea and Hackney. The 1 seat non-territorial University constituency of London University seat 1868–1950 was somewhat connected to the county by having most of its graduates eligible to vote.

Possession of a county vote qualification relating to property, situated in an area not otherwise represented, conferred the right to vote in a county election.

In 1885 the county seat was split into numerous single-member boroughs in the more urban south-east and seven county divisions elsewhere, although the City of London cut to two seats.

In 1889 the borough constituencies that comprised the eastern part of the historic county became part of the new administrative county of London. The seven county divisions in the fringe part of the historic county, in what became the administrative county of Middlesex, were Brentford, Ealing, Enfield, Harrow, Hornsey, Tottenham and Uxbridge. None of these formed parliamentary boroughs and were in the administrative county of Middlesex until it was disbanded in 1965.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Preliminary note: The English civil year started on Lady Day, 25 March, until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The year used in the lists of Parliaments in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. It should be noted that old style dates for days between 1 January and 24 March actually referred to days after 31 December. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

Constituency created (1265): See De Montfort's Parliament for further details. Knights of the shire are known to have been summoned to most Parliaments from 1290 (19th Parliament of King Edward I of England) and to every one from 1320 (19th Parliament of King Edward II of England).

Knights of the shire 1265-1660[edit]

Some of the members elected during this period have been identified, but this list does not include Parliaments where no member has been identified before the reign of King Henry VIII. In the list (as opposed to the table below) the year given is for the first meeting of the Parliament, with the month added where there was more than one Parliament in the year. If a second year is given this is a date of dissolution. Early Parliaments usually only existed for a few days or weeks, so dissolutions in the same year as the first meeting are not recorded in this list If a specific date of election is known this is recorded in italic brackets. The Roman numerals in brackets, following some names, are those used to distinguish different politicians of the same name in 'The House of Commons' 1509-1558 and 1558-1603.

In this period, Parliament was not an institution with a regular pattern of elections and sittings. Therefore a separate entry is made for each Parliament, even if the same Knight of the Shire served in successive Parliaments.

List of known Knights of the Shire before 1509

Parliament First member Second member
1295 (Nov) William de Brook Stephen de Gravesend
1296 Richard de Wyndesor Richard le Rous
1297 (Oct) Richard le Rous  ?
1298 (Mar) Richard le Rous  ?
1298 (May) Richard le Rous  ?
1300 Richard le Rous  ?
1301 Richard le Rous  ?
1302 (Oct) Richard le Rous  ?
1305 (Feb) Richard le Rous  ?
1306 Richard le Rous  ?
1386 Sir Adam Francis William Swanland [1]
1388 (Feb) Sir Adam Francis William Swanland [1]
1388 (Sep) William Barnville Godfrey Atte Perry [1]
1390 (Jan) John Shorditch I Thomas Coningsby [1]
1390 (Nov) John Shorditch I Sir Adam Francis [1]
1391 Thomas Bray William Norton [1]
1393 William Tamworth Thomas Maidstone [1]
1394 John Shorditch II James Ormesby [1]
1395 John Shorditch II Thomas Coningsby [1]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Goodlake Thomas Maidstone [1]
1397 (Sep) Sir Adam Francis Sir John Wroth [1]
1399 John Durham Thomas Maidstone [1]
1401 William Loveney Sir John Wroth [1]
1402 James Northampton Thomas Coningsby [1]
1404 (Jan) William Wroth Sir John Wroth [1]
1404 (Oct) Sir Roger Strange William Powe [1]
1406 Henry Somer Sir John Wroth [1]
1407 Henry Somer William Loveney [1]
1410
1411 Sir Adam Francis Sir Roger Strange [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William Loveney Richard Wyot [1]
1414 (Apr) Simon Camp Walter Green [1]
1414 (Nov) Thomas Charlton John Walden [1]
1415 Simon Camp Thomas Coningsby [1]
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct) Henry Somer Walter Gawtron [1]
1419 Thomas Frowyk Thomas Coningsby [1]
1420 Sir John Boys Walter Green [1]
1421 (May) Henry Somer Sir Thomas Charlton [1]
1421 (Dec) Richard Maidstone Edmund Bibbesworth [1]
1429 Henry Somer
1442 Thomas Charlton [2] John Somerset
1447 Thomas Charlton [2]
1449 Thomas Charlton [2]
1453 Thomas Charlton [2]
1459 Sir Thomas Charlton [2]
1460 Sir Thomas Charlton [2]
1491 Sir Thomas Lovell [3]

Table of Knights of the Shire 1509-1660

Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved First Member Second Member
17 October 1509 1509/10 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 Sir Thomas Lovell (I) unknown
28 November 1511 1511/12 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 unknown unknown
23 November 1514 1514/15 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 unknown unknown
unknown 1523 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 Sir Thomas More (I) a unknown
9 August 1529 1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 Robert Wroth b Richard Hawkes c
27 April 1536 1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 unknown unknown
1 March 1539 1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 Sir Ralph Sadler Robert Cheeseman
23 November 1541 1541/42 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 Robert Cheeseman John Hughes d
1 December 1544 1544/45 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 Sir William Paget Thomas Wroth
2 August 1547 1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 Sir Thomas Wroth John Newdigate
5 January 1553 1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 Sir Robert Bowes Sir Thomas Wroth
14 August 1553 1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 Sir Edward Hastings John Newdigate
17 February 1554 1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 Sir Edward Hastings John Newdigate
3 October 1554 1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 Sir Edward Hastings Sir Roger Cholmley
3 September 1555 1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 Sir Edward Hastings Sir Roger Cholmley
6 December 1557 1557/58 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 Sir Roger Cholmley John Newdigate
5 December 1558 29 December 1558 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 Sir Roger Cholmley Sir Thomas Wroth
10 November 1562 1562/63 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 Sir William Cordell Sir Thomas Wroth
unknown 1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 Francis Newdigate John Newdigate
28 March 1572 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 Robert Wroth (I) Sir Owen Hopton
12 October 1584 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 Robert Wroth (I) Sir Owen Hopton
15 September 1586 1586 15 October 1586 23 March 1587 Robert Wroth (I) William Fleetwood (III)
18 September 1588 19 December 1588 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 Robert Wroth (I) William Fleetwood (III)
4 January 1593 1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 Robert Wroth (I) Francis Bacon
23 August 1597 15 September 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 Sir Robert Wroth (I) Sir John Peyton (I)
11 September 1601 8 October 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 Sir John Fortescue (I) Sir Robert Wroth (I)
31 January 1604 1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 Sir William Fleetwood Sir Robert Wroth
unknown 1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 Sir Julius Caesar Sir Thomas Lake
13 November 1620 1620/21 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 Sir Francis Darcy Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt
20 December 1623 1623/24 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt Sir John Suckling
2 April 1625 1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 Sir John Francklyn Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt
20 December 1625 1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt Sir Edward Spencer
31 January 1628 1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 Sir Francis Darcy Sir Henry Spiller
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
20 February 1640 1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 Sir John Francklyn Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt
24 September 1640 1640 3 November 1640 16 March 1660 e Sir John Francklyn f Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt g
18 May 1648 Sir Edward Spencer h

Notes:-

  • a Speaker of the House of Commons.
  • b Wroth ceased to be an MP after 11 May 1535. It is unknown if there was a by-election.
  • c Hawkes ceased to be MP by May/June 1532. It is unknown if there was a by-election.
  • d Hughes ceased to be an MP after January/April 1543. It is unknown if there was a by-election.
  • e In theory the Long Parliament existed throughout the 1640-1660 term, as it could not be lawfully dissolved without its own consent which was not given until 1660. In practice all or part of the membership of the House of Commons were not permitted to sit for lengthy periods. Other bodies considered to be Parliaments existed within parts of the term of the Long Parliament.
  • f Francklyn died and a by-election was held.
  • g In December 1648, Gilbert was excluded from Parliament in Pride's Purge and the seat was left vacant.
  • h Spencer is not recorded as having sat after Pride's Purge in December 1648.

Table of Members of the Commonwealth Parliaments 1653-1659

The County had three nominated members in the Barebones Parliament, four representatives in the First and Second and the usual two in the Third of the Protectorate Parliaments

Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st Member 2nd Member 3rd Member 4th Member
4 July 1653 12 December 1653 Sir William Roberts Augustine Wingfield Arthur Squib
1 June 1654 1654 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 Sir James Harrington, Bt Sir William Roberts Josiah Berners Edmund Harvey
10 July 1656 1656 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 Sir John Barkstead Sir William Roberts Chaloner Chute William Kiffen
9 December 1658 1658/59 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 Francis Gerard Chaloner Chute

Knights of the shire 1660-1885[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1660 Sir Lancelot Lake Non Partisan Sir William Waller Non Partisan
1661 Sir Thomas Allen Non Partisan
1679 Sir Robert Peyton Non Partisan Sir William Roberts, Bt Non Partisan
1681 Robert Atkyns Non Partisan
1681 Nicholas Raynton Non Partisan
1685 Sir Charles Gerard, Bt Non Partisan Ralph Hawtrey Non Partisan
1695 Edward Russell Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Non Partisan
1696 Sir John Bucknall Non Partisan
1698 Warwick Lake Non Partisan
1701 Hugh Smithson Tory
1701 John Austen Whig
1702 Hugh Smithson Tory
1705 Scorie Barker Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Non Partisan
1709 John Austen Whig
1710 Hon. James Bertie Tory Hugh Smithson Tory
1722 Sir John Austen, Bt. Whig
1727 Sir Francis Child Tory
1734 William Pulteney Whig
1740 Sir Hugh Smithson, Bt
(later Sir Hugh Percy, Bt) a
Tory
1742 Sir Roger Newdigate, Bt Tory
1747 Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt Whig Whig
1750 George Cooke Tory
1768 John Wilkes Radical
1768 John Glynn Whig
1769 Henry Luttrell Tory
1774 John Wilkes Radical
1779 Thomas Wood Whig
1780 George Byng Whig
1784 William Mainwaring Tory
1790 George Byng Whig
1802 Sir Francis Burdett, Bt Whig
1804 George Boulton Mainwaring Tory
1805 Sir Francis Burdett, Bt Whig
1806 George Boulton Mainwaring Tory
1806 William Mellish Tory
1820 Samuel Charles Whitbread Whig
1830 Joseph Hume Radical
1832 Liberal Liberal
1837 Thomas Wood Conservative
1847 Lord Robert Grosvenor Liberal
1847 Ralph Bernal Osborne Liberal
1857 Robert Culling Hanbury Liberal
1857 Hon. George Byng
(later Viscount Enfield) b
Liberal
1867 Henry Labouchère Liberal
1868 Lord George Hamilton Conservative
1874 Octavius Coope Conservative
1885 constituency divided

Notes:-

  • a Smithson, not the same man as the former member of the same name, changed his surname to Percy before the 1741 general election.
  • b Byng received the courtesy title of Viscount Enfield in 1860.

Elections[edit]

General notes[edit]

In multi-member elections the bloc voting system was used. Voters could cast a vote for one or two candidates, as they chose. The leading candidates with the largest number of votes were elected.

In by-elections, to fill a single seat, the first past the post system applied.

After 1832, when registration of voters was introduced, a turnout figure is given for contested elections. In two-member elections, when the exact number of participating voters is unknown, this is calculated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes this will be an underestimate of turnout.

Where a party had more than one candidate in one or both of a pair of successive elections change is calculated for each individual candidate, otherwise change is based on the party vote.

Candidates for whom no party has been identified are classified as Non Partisan. The candidate might have been associated with a party or faction in Parliament or consider himself to belong to a particular political tradition. Political parties before the nineteenth century were not as cohesive or organised as they later became. Contemporary commentators (even the reputed leaders of parties or factions) in the eighteenth century did not necessarily agree who the party supporters were. The traditional parties, which had arisen in the late seventeenth century, became increasingly irrelevant to politics in the eighteenth century (particularly after 1760), although for some contests in some constituencies party labels were still used. It was only towards the end of the century that party labels began to acquire some meaning again, although this process was by no means complete for several more generations.

Sources: The results for elections 1660-1790 were taken from the History of Parliament Trust publications. The results are based on Stooks Smith from 1790 until the UK general election, 1832 and Craig from 1832. Where Stooks Smith gives additional information after 1832 this is indicated in a note.

Results 1660-1885[edit]

Parliament of England[edit]

General Election 5 April 1660: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lancelot Lake Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Waller Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Gilbert Gerard, Bt Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Roberts Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir James Harington, Bt Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan John Page Defeated N/A N/A
  • Note (1660) vote totals unavailable
General Election 4 April 1661: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Lancelot Lake Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Thomas Allen Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir John Robinson, Bt Defeated N/A N/A
  • Note (1661) vote totals unavailable
General Election 21 February 1679: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Robert Peyton Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Roberts, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1679): Roberts was not the same man as the 1660 candidate of the same name.
General Election 3 September 1679: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir William Roberts, Bt 720 45.37 N/A
Non Partisan Sir Robert Peyton 670 42.22 N/A
Non Partisan Sir Francis Gerard, Bt 194 12.22 N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Smyth, Bt 3 0.19 N/A
  • Note (1679): Smyth is referred to as Smith in House of Commons 1660-1690, but Smyth seems to be correct from Leigh Rayment's list of baronets.
  • Expulsion from the House of Peyton [1]
By-Election 13 January 1681: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Robert Atkyns 680 55.78 +55.78
Non Partisan Hugh Middleton 379 31.09 +31.09
Non Partisan Charles Umfrevile 160 13.13 +13.13
Majority 301 24.69 N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 3 March 1681: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir William Roberts, Bt 1,054 35.73 +35.73
Non Partisan Nicholas Raynton 874 29.63 +29.63
Non Partisan Hugh Middleton 607 20.58 -10.51
Non Partisan Sir Charles Gerard, Bt 415 14.07 +14.07
General Election 18 March 1685: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Charles Gerard, Bt Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Roger Hawtrey Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Hugh Middleton, Bt Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Nicholas Raynton Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Thomas Johnson Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Smyth, Bt Defeated N/A N/A
  • Note (1685) vote totals unavailable. Smyth is referred to as Smith in House of Commons 1660-1690, but Smyth seems to be correct from Leigh Rayment's list of baronets.
General Election 11 January 1689: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Charles Gerard, Bt Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Roger Hawtrey Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Robert Peyton Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan Thomas Johnson Defeated N/A N/A
  • Note (1689) vote totals unavailable
General Election 1690: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Charles Gerard, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Roger Hawtrey Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 14 November 1695: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Edward Russell Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 8 January 1696: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir John Bucknall Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 4 August 1698: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Warwick Lake Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 16 January 1701: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Warwick Lake Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hugh Smithson Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 3 December 1701: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Warwick Lake Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig John Austen Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 30 July 1702: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Warwick Lake Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hugh Smithson Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 28 May 1705: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Scorie Barker Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A

Parliament of Great Britain[edit]

General Election 1708: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Scorie Barker Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir John Wolstenholme, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Wolstenholme
By-Election 3 March 1709: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Austen (again) Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig gain from Non Partisan Swing N/A
General Election 12 October 1710: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. James Bertie Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hugh Smithson Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1713: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. James Bertie Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hugh Smithson Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 27 January 1715: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. James Bertie 1,604 27.60 N/A
Tory Hugh Smithson 1,553 26.72 N/A
Whig Sir John Austen (again) 1,330 22.80 N/A
Whig Henry Barker 1,325 22.80 N/A
General Election 30 March 1722: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. James Bertie 1,800 39.43 +11.83
Whig Sir John Austen (again) 967 21.18 -1.62
Whig Henry Barker 908 18.89 -3.91
Tory Sir George Cooke 662 14.50 +14.50
Tory William Withers 228 5.00 +5.00
General Election 6 September 1727: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. James Bertie 1,410 29.21 -10.22
Tory Sir Francis Child 1,305 27.03 +27.03
Whig Henry Barker 1,074 22.25 +3.36
Whig Lord Paget 1,039 21.52 +21.52
General Election 25 April 1734: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Sir Francis Child Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig William Pulteney Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Child
By-Election 15 March 1740: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Sir Hugh Smithson, Bt 382 72.21 N/A
Whig Henry Barker 147 27.79 N/A
Majority 235 44.42 N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
  • Smithson (not the same person as the former MP of the same name) subsequently changed his surname to Percy
General Election 14 May 1741: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Pulteney Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Sir Hugh Percy, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 5 August 1742: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Sir Roger Newdigate, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
General Election 2 July 1747: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Hugh Percy, Bt 1,797 36.33 N/A
Whig Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt 1,457 29.45 N/A
Tory George Cooke 899 18.17 N/A
Tory Sir Roger Newdigate, Bt 794 16.05 N/A
By-Election 8 March 1750: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Cooke 1,617 57.38 +39.21
Whig Fraser Honywood 1,201 42.62 +42.62
Majority 416 14.76 N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
General Election 2 May 1754: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Cooke Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 7 April 1761: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Cooke Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 27 November 1766: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Cooke Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
General Election 28 March 1768: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical John Wilkes 1,297 44.33 N/A
Tory George Cooke 827 28.26 N/A
Whig Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt 802 27.41 N/A
  • Note (1768): Stooks Smith attributes 1,292 votes to Wilkes. Stooks Smith does not give candidates party labels in Middlesex until after this election.
  • Death of Cooke
By-Election 14 December 1768: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Glynn 1,548 54.89 +54.89
Tory Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, Bt 1,272 45.11 +17.70
Majority 276 9.79 N/A
Whig gain from Tory Swing N/A
  • Note (1768): Poll 6 days (Source: Stooks Smith)
  • Expulsion from the House of Wilkes, declared incapable of being elected 3 February 1769
By-Election 16 February 1769: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical John Wilkes Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical hold Swing N/A
  • Expulsion from the House of Wilkes, election declared void
By-Election 16 March 1769: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical John Wilkes Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical hold Swing N/A
  • Expulsion from the House of Wilkes, election declared void 17 March 1769
By-Election 13 April 1769: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical John Wilkes 1,143 79.16 N/A
Tory Hon. Henry Lawes Luttrell 296 20.50 N/A
Whig William Whitaker 5 0.35 N/A
Majority 847 58.66 N/A
Radical hold Swing N/A
  • Expulsion from the House of Wilkes 14 April 1769, election declared void and Luttrell seated as the MP 15 April 1769
General Election 20 October 1774: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Glynn Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical John Wilkes Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Glynn
By-Election 28 October 1779: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Wood Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 14 September 1780: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical John Wilkes Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 22 April 1784: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Mainwaring 2,118 36.72 N/A
Radical John Wilkes 1,858 32.21 N/A
Whig George Byng 1,792 31.07 N/A
General Election 28 June 1790: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory William Mainwaring Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1790): The George Byng who contested Middlesex elections from this year is a different person from the one who stood previously
General Election 3 June 1796: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory William Mainwaring Unopposed N/A N/A

Parliament of the United Kingdom[edit]

General Election 13 July 1802: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng 3,848 38.52 N/A
Whig Sir Francis Burdett, Bt 3,207 32.10 N/A
Tory William Mainwaring 2,936 29.39 N/A
  • Note (1802): Poll 15 days (Source: Stooks Smith)
  • Election of Burdett declared void 9 July 1804
By-Election 23 July 1804: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Boulton Mainwaring 2,828 50.04 N/A
Whig Sir Francis Burdett, Bt 2,823 49.96 N/A
Majority 5 0.09 N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
  • Note (1804): Poll 15 days (Source: Stooks Smith)
  • Election of Mainwearing challenged by a petition of Burdett. Mainwaring unseated and Sir Francis Burdett, Bt seated on 5 March 1805. (Source: The Times (of London), edition of 6 March 1805)
  • Election of Burdett challenged by a petition of Mainwearing. Burdett unseated and George Boulton Mainwaring seated with effect from 10 February 1806. (Source: The Times (of London), edition of 10 February 1806)
General Election 10 November 1806: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Mellish 3,213 47.86 -2.18
Whig George Byng 2,304 34.32 +34.32
Whig Sir Francis Burdett, Bt 1,197 17.83 -32.13
  • Note (1806): Poll 15 days (Source: Stooks Smith)
General Election 18 May 1807: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Mellish 2,706 42.78 -5.08
Whig George Byng 2,368 37.43 +3.11
Tory Sir Christopher Baynes, Bt 1,252 19.79 +19.79
General Election 12 October 1812: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory William Mellish Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 26 June 1818: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory William Mellish Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 17 March 1820: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng 4,004 37.55 N/A
Whig Samuel Charles Whitbread 3,585 33.62 N/A
Tory William Mellish 3,073 28.82 N/A
  • Note (1820): Poll 12 days (Source: Stooks Smith)
General Election 1826: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Samuel Charles Whitbread Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 5 August 1830: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical Joseph Hume Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1831: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Radical Joseph Hume Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1832: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Hume 3,238 36.93 N/A
Liberal George Byng 3,033 34.59 N/A
Conservative Sir Charles Forbes, Bt 1,494 17.04 N/A
Liberal Sir J.S. Lillie 1,004 11.45 N/A
Turnout 6,939 73.96 N/A
  • Note (1832): 5,132 voted. Hume was classified as a Radical candidate. (Source: Stooks Smith).
General Election 1835: Middlesex (3 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Byng 3,505 37.66 +3.07
Liberal Joseph Hume 3,096 33.26 -3.67
Conservative Thomas Wood 2,707 29.08 +12.04
Turnout 8.005 75.53 +1.57
  • Note 1 (1835): 6,046 voted. Hume was classified as a Radical candidate. (Source: Stooks Smith).
  • Note 2 (1835): The Thomas Wood who contested Middlesex elections from this year is a different person from the one who was elected in 1779
General Election 31 July 1837: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Byng 4,796 26.60 -11.06
Conservative Thomas Wood 4,582 25.41 -3.67
Liberal Joseph Hume 4,380 24.29 -8.97
Conservative Henry Pownall 4,273 23.70 +23.70
Turnout 12,817 72.25 -3.28
  • Note (1837): 9,260 voted. Hume was classified as a Radical candidate. (Source: Stooks Smith).
General Election 1841: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative Thomas Wood Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Byng
By-Election 3 February 1847: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lord Robert Grosvenor Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 4 August 1847: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lord Robert Grosvenor 4,944 39.31 N/A
Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne 4,175 33.20 N/A
Conservative Thomas Wood 3,458 27.49 N/A
Turnout 13,781 45.63 N/A
General Election 1852: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lord Robert Grosvenor 5,241 37.73 -1.58
Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne 4,390 31.61 -1.59
Conservative Marquess of Blandford 4,258 30.66 +3.17
Turnout 14,610 47.53 +1.90
General Election 29 April 1857: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Culling Hanbury 5,426 39.66 +39.66
Liberal Lord Robert Grosvenor 5,327 38.94 +1.21
Conservative Viscount Chelsea 2,928 21.40 -9.26
Turnout 14,977 45.67 -1.86
By-Election 3 September 1857: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. George Henry Charles Byng Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1859: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Culling Hanbury 3,678 43.56 N/A
Liberal Hon. George Henry Charles Byng 3,618 42.85 N/A
Conservative J. Haig 1,147 13.59 N/A
Turnout 14,847 28.43 N/A
General Election 1865: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Viscount Enfield Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Robert Culling Hanbury Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Hanbury
By-Election 15 April 1867: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henry du Pre Labouchere Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 21 November 1868: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord George Francis Hamilton 7,850 37.86 N/A
Liberal Viscount Enfield 6,487 31.29 N/A
Liberal Henry du Pre Labouchere 6,397 30.85 N/A
Turnout 25,196 41.15 N/A
General Election 14 February 1874: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord George Francis Hamilton 10,343 33.34 -4.52
Conservative Octavius Edward Coope 9,867 31.80 +31.80
Liberal Viscount Enfield 5,623 18.12 -13.17
Liberal Frederick Lehmann 5,192 16.74 +16.74
Turnout 25,071 61.87 +20.72
By-Election 12 April 1878: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Lord George Francis Hamilton Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1880: Middlesex (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Lord George Francis Hamilton 12,904 37.83 N/A
Conservative Octavius Edward Coope 12,328 36.14 N/A
Liberal Herbert John Gladstone 8,876 26.02 N/A
Turnout 30,717 55.52 N/A
By-Election 3 July 1885: Middlesex
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Lord George Francis Hamilton Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
  • Constituency divided in the 1885 redistribution

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-090-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Charlton, Sir Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  3. ^ Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504. 
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The House of Commons 1509-1558, by S.T. Bindoff (Secker & Warburg 1982)
  • The House of Commons 1558-1603, by P.W. Hasler (HMSO 1981)
  • The House of Commons 1660-1690, by Basil Duke Henning (Secker & Warburg 1983)
  • The House of Commons 1715-1754, by Romney Sedgwick (HMSO 1970)
  • The House of Commons 1754-1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
  • The House of Commons 1790-1820, by R.G. Thorne (Secker & Warburg 1986)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • List of members nominated for Parliament of 1653 at British History Online [3]