Middlesex County, Connecticut

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Middlesex County, Connecticut
Middletown, CT - Raymond E Baldwin Courthouse 01.jpg
Raymond E Baldwin Courthouse
Map of Connecticut highlighting Middlesex County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1785
Seat none (since 1960)
Middletown (before 1960)
Largest city Middletown
Area
 • Total 439 sq mi (1,137 km2)
 • Land 369 sq mi (956 km2)
 • Water 70 sq mi (181 km2), 15.9%
Population
 • (2010) 165,676
 • Density 449/sq mi (173/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Middlesex County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 165,676.[1] The county was created in May 1785 from portions of Hartford County and New London County.

Middlesex County is included in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties, there is now no county government, and no county seat. In Connecticut, towns are responsible for all local government activities, including fire and rescue, snow removal, and schools. In a few cases, neighboring towns will share certain resources, e.g. water, gas, etc. Middlesex County is merely a group of towns on a map, and no longer has any particular authority.

Government[edit]

Middletown was the county seat of Middlesex County from its creation in 1785 until the elimination of county government in 1960. There is no government in Middlesex County other than the Middlesex County Judicial District. All county functions other than courts and county sheriff's departments were discontinued in 1960, and again in 2000 when the county sheriff's departments were reorganized as the State of Connecticut Judicial Marshal, due to political corruption in the county sheriff's departments. Joseph E. Bibisi was the last person ever to serve as high sheriff of Middlesex County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 439 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 369 square miles (960 km2) is land and 70 square miles (180 km2) (15.9%) is water.[2] It is the smallest county in Connecticut by land area and second-smallest by total area.

The terrain trends from mostly level along the Connecticut River and Atlantic coast to gently rolling uplands away from them. The highest elevation is close to a triangulation station in Meshomasic State Forest, located at 916 feet (279 m) above sea level; the lowest point is sea level.

Middlesex County is also the home of Wadsworth Falls.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 18,828
1800 19,874 5.6%
1810 20,723 4.3%
1820 22,405 8.1%
1830 24,844 10.9%
1840 24,879 0.1%
1850 27,216 9.4%
1860 30,859 13.4%
1870 36,099 17.0%
1880 35,589 −1.4%
1890 39,524 11.1%
1900 41,760 5.7%
1910 45,637 9.3%
1920 47,550 4.2%
1930 51,388 8.1%
1940 55,999 9.0%
1950 67,332 20.2%
1960 88,865 32.0%
1970 114,816 29.2%
1980 129,017 12.4%
1990 143,196 11.0%
2000 155,071 8.3%
2010 165,676 6.8%
Est. 2013 165,562 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
1790-1960[4] 1900-1990[5]
1990-2000[6] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 155,071 people, 61,341 households, and 40,607 families residing in the county. The population density was 420 people per square mile (162/km²). There were 67,285 housing units at an average density of 182 per square mile (70/km²). According to the Census of 2010, the racial makeup of the county was 89.22% White, 4.64% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. 4.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.4% were of Italian, 14.3% Irish, 11.1% English, 8.9% Polish and 8.2% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.1% spoke English, 2.6% Spanish, 1.9% Italian, 1.2% French and 1.0% Polish as their first language.

There were 61,341 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $59,175, and the median income for a family was $71,319. Males had a median income of $48,341 versus $35,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,251. About 2.30% of families and 4.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.00% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[8][9]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Fenwick Borough $110,127 $114,375 $250,000+ 43 26
2 Essex Town $57,365 $87,480 $105,982 6,683 2,916
3 Killingworth Town $45,404 $99,500 $108,232 6,525 2,474
4 Old Saybrook Town $43,400 $79,985 $99,595 10,242 4,247
5 Cromwell Town $41,926 $82,012 $99,362 14,005 5,752
6 Chester Town $40,783 $80,185 $89,760 3,994 1,714
7 Durham Town $39,579 $105,417 $110,583 7,388 2,610
8 Portland Town $39,100 $86,661 $96,016 9,508 3,822
9 Westbrook Town $38,158 $61,069 $72,969 6,938 2,948
10 Haddam Town $37,324 $86,179 $100,343 8,346 3,218
11 East Haddam Town $37,156 $82,695 $86,023 9,126 3,593
12 Clinton Town $37,117 $74,174 $82,839 13,260 5,303
13 Middlefield Town $36,747 $80,392 $94,432 4,425 1,742
14 Deep River Town $35,564 $65,250 $81,641 4,629 1,940
15 East Hampton Town $34,555 $88,281 $95,854 12,959 5,060
16 Middletown City $31,348 $57,655 $78,006 47,648 19,863

Race[edit]

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races."[10]

Rank Town Population White Black Asian American
Indian
Other Hispanic
1 Middletown City 47,510 79.2% 15.7% 4.9% 0.6% 3.2% 8.1%
2 Cromwell Town 13,951 93.2% 3.9% 3.3% 0.3% 0.5% 4.2%
3 Clinton Town 13,291 95.8% 0.5% 2.1% 0.2% 1.8% 3.5%
4 East Hampton Town 12,926 95.4% 1.6% 1.7% 0.3% 1.9% 3.8%
5 Old Saybrook Town 10,307 97.8% 0.7% 1.8% 0.6% 0.0% 0.4%
6 Portland Town 9,470 96.2% 2.2% 1.0% 0.2% 1.9% 4.4%
7 East Haddam Town 9,069 99.3% 1.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.7% 0.9%
8 Haddam Town 8,267 98.5% 1.5% 0.5% 1.5% 0.2% 2.6%
9 Durham Town 7,342 94.7% 0.5% 3.1% 0.2% 3.2% 5.3%
10 Westbrook Town 6,891 95.4% 0.5% 4.0% 1.2% 0.0% 4.5%
11 Essex Town 6,697 98.8% 0.6% 1.4% 0.1% 0.1% 0.6%
12 Killingworth Town 6,499 96.7% 0.0% 7.5% 1.4% 0.7% 3.0%
13 Deep River Town 4,652 88.7% 2.0% 0.3% 0.8% 7.5% 8.6%
14 Middlefield Town 4,418 94.3% 1.7% 4.2% 0.0% 0.7% 1.5%
15 Chester Town 3,984 98.3% 0.4% 1.7% 0.7% 0.0% 2.6%
16 Fenwick Borough 51 100.0% 5.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%

Communities[edit]

Map of Middlesex County, Connecticut showing cities, boroughs, towns, and CDPs

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages are named localities within towns, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  9. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  10. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°26′N 72°31′W / 41.44°N 72.52°W / 41.44; -72.52