Middlesex Fells Reservation

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Coordinates: 42°26′56″N 71°6′53″W / 42.44889°N 71.11472°W / 42.44889; -71.11472
Middlesex Fells Reservation
Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston
Middlesex-fells-between-south-an-middle-reservoirs.jpg
Middlesex Fells,
between South and Middle Reservoirs
Nickname: The Fells
Country United States
State Massachusetts
Region Middlesex County
Municipality Malden, Medford, Melrose,
Stoneham, Winchester
Location 4 Woodland Road,
Stoneham (headquarters)
 - elevation 187 ft (57 m) [1]
 - coordinates 42°26′56″N 71°6′53″W / 42.44889°N 71.11472°W / 42.44889; -71.11472
Area 2,283 acres (924 ha) [2]
Founded 1894
Management Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Location in Massachusetts
Website: Middlesex Fells Reservation

Middlesex Fells Reservation, often referred to simply as the Fells, is a Massachusetts state park located in Malden, Medford, Melrose, Stoneham, and Winchester. The park is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), and is part of the Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston.[3]

Description[edit]

The Middlesex Fells Reservation is a 2,575-acre (10.42 km2) park principally used for walking, dog walking, hiking, running, mountain biking, rock climbing and skiing.

Features of the park include Fells Reservoir (water supply for the town of Winchester) and Spot Pond (used as a back-up reservoir by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority), two observation towers featuring scenic views of Boston and the surrounding area, and many vernal pools.

In the summer months, Boating In Boston offers sailing lessons and boat rentals on Spot Pond, including kayaks, canoes, pedal boats and row boats.

Today the park surrounds two currently inactive reservoirs, Spot Pond and the Fells Reservoir, and the three (North, Middle, and South) active reservoirs supplying the town of Winchester. Spot Pond and the Fells Reservoir are part of the Wachusett water system, one of six primary water systems that feed metropolitan Boston's waterworks.

Trailheads are accessible from Interstate 93 at exits 33 and 34, and 35 Southbound.

History[edit]

The area around Middlesex Fells was first explored by John Winthrop, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, in 1632. The reservation's land was once favored for timber, granite quarrying, and ice cultivation. The former mill village of "Haywardville" was located within the reservation. Many mills, including one that manufactured some of the first vulcanized rubber products, were located here. Remnants of some of the early mill works are still visible in the Spot Pond Archeological District, located in the Virginia Woods section of the reservation.

The reservation was created in 1891 by the donation of "Virginia Wood" by Charles Eliot to The Trustees of Reservations. In 1893 the state took the property over and began managing it as a state park.

Boston Regional Medical Center was located within the Reservation along Woodland Road in Stoneham, until it closed in February 1999 for financial reasons.[4]

Recreational opportunities[edit]

A cliff in the Fells.
Kids climbing the rock near the Panther Cave.
  • Boating (non-motorized)
  • Canoeing
  • Fishing
  • Hiking
  • Trail running
  • Horseback riding trails
  • Dogsledding
  • Mountain biking (all fire roads and designated single-track trails only)
  • Picnicking
  • Rock climbing
  • Boating (motorized)
  • Scenic viewing area
  • Skiing (cross-country)
  • Tot lot
  • Walking trails

Historic status[edit]

In addition to being a state park, portions of the park and structures within it are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The entire area surrounding Spot Pond to the east of I-93 is within the Middlesex Fells Reservoirs Historic District, and the roadways in the park and on its borders are listed as the Middlesex Fells Reservation Parkways. The park's visitor center on Woodland Road in Stoneham is in the historic John Bottume House, which is not far from the 1906 Metropolitan District Commission Pumping House. Historically important archaeological sites in the park are listed as part of the Spot Pond Archeological District. Roadways connecting the park to other elements of the Metropolitan Park System are also listed; these include the Fells Connector Parkways, which connect the park to the Mystic River Reservation in Winchester, and the Lynn Fells Parkway, connecting the park to the Breakheart Reservation in Saugus.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Middlesex Fells Reservation". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "2012 Acreage Listing". Department of Conservation and Recreation. April 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Middlesex Fells Reservation". MassParks. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ Ellen Lutch Trager (22 February 1999), "BRMC's Closure Harbinger of Things to Come", Boston Business Journal (American City Business Journals, Inc.) 

External links[edit]