Middlesex Fells Reservation

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Coordinates: 42°26′51″N 71°06′21″W / 42.44750°N 71.10583°W / 42.44750; -71.10583
Middlesex Fells Reservation
Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston
SpotPondBrookFootBridge.jpg
Bridge crossing 18th-century dam on Spot Pond Brook
Nickname: The Fells
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Cities/towns Malden, Medford, Melrose,
Stoneham, Winchester
Elevation 187 ft (57 m) [1]
Coordinates 42°26′51″N 71°06′21″W / 42.44750°N 71.10583°W / 42.44750; -71.10583 [1]
Area 2,283 acres (924 ha) [2]
Established 1894
Management Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
 - Park Headquarters Botume House, 4 Woodland Road, Stoneham
Location in Massachusetts
Website: Middlesex Fells Reservation

Middlesex Fells Reservation, often referred to simply as the Fells, is a Massachusetts state park located in Malden, Medford, Melrose, Stoneham, and Winchester. The park is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), and is part of the Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston.[3]

Description[edit]

The Middlesex Fells Reservation is a 2,575-acre (10.42 km2) park principally used for walking, dog walking, hiking, running, mountain biking, rock climbing and skiing.

Features of the park include Fells Reservoir (water supply for the town of Winchester) and Spot Pond (used as a back-up reservoir by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority), two observation towers featuring scenic views of Boston and the surrounding area, and many vernal pools.

Today the park surrounds two currently inactive reservoirs, Spot Pond and the Fells Reservoir, and the three (North, Middle, and South) active reservoirs supplying the town of Winchester. Spot Pond and the Fells Reservoir are part of the Wachusett water system, one of six primary water systems that feed metropolitan Boston's waterworks.

History[edit]

The area around Middlesex Fells is known to have been explored by John Winthrop, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, in 1632.[3] The reservation's lands have been used for the production of timber, granite, and ice. Abundant water power meant that many mills, including one that manufactured some of the first vulcanized rubber products, were located here. Remnants of early mill works are visible in the Spot Pond Archeological District, located in the Virginia Woods section, the site of the former mill village of Haywardville.

The reservation was initiated in 1891 with the donation of Virginia Wood to The Trustees of Reservations "by Mrs. Fannie Tudor as a memorial to her daughter, Virginia, who had died in a horse riding accident in the forest. The property was later donated to the Metropolitan District Commission in 1923."[4] In 1893, the state took the property over and began managing it as a state park.

Boston Regional Medical Center was located within the Reservation along Woodland Road in Stoneham, until it closed in February 1999.[5]

Activities and amenities[edit]

The reservation has over 100 miles of trails for hiking, mountain biking, cross-country skiing, and horseback riding. Trailheads are accessible from Interstate 93 at exits 33 and 34, and 35 Southbound. Fishing is offered on Dark Hollow Pond. Other facilities include picnicking areas, an observation tower, and a tot lot. Rock climbing is another popular activity in the Fells.[3] A concessionaire offers sailing lessons and rentals of kayaks, canoes, pedal boats and row boats on Spot Pond during summer.[6]

Historic status[edit]

In addition to being a state park, portions of the park and structures within it are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The entire area surrounding Spot Pond to the east of I-93 is within the Middlesex Fells Reservoirs Historic District, and the roadways in the park and on its borders are listed as the Middlesex Fells Reservation Parkways. The park's visitor center on Woodland Road in Stoneham is in the historic John Bottume House, which is not far from the 1906 Metropolitan District Commission Pumping House. Historically important archaeological sites in the park are listed as part of the Spot Pond Archeological District. Roadways connecting the park to other elements of the Metropolitan Park System are also listed; these include the Fells Connector Parkways, which connect the park to the Mystic River Reservation in Winchester, and the Lynn Fells Parkway, connecting the park to the Breakheart Reservation in Saugus.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Middlesex Fells Reservation". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "2012 Acreage Listing". Department of Conservation and Recreation. April 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Middlesex Fells Reservation". MassParks. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Middlesex Fells Planning Unit Resource Management Plan". Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. p. 26. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ Ellen Lutch Trager (22 February 1999), BRMC's Closure Harbinger of Things to Come, Boston Business Journal (American City Business Journals, Inc.) 
  6. ^ "Spot Pond". Boating in Boston. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 

External links[edit]