Middleton, Idaho

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Middleton, Idaho
City
Motto: "Balancing Tradition and Progress"[1]
Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho
Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°42′23″N 116°37′13″W / 43.70639°N 116.62028°W / 43.70639; -116.62028Coordinates: 43°42′23″N 116°37′13″W / 43.70639°N 116.62028°W / 43.70639; -116.62028
Country United States
State Idaho
County Canyon
Incorporated 1910
Government
 • Mayor Darin Taylor
Area[2]
 • Total 5.71 sq mi (14.79 km2)
 • Land 5.66 sq mi (14.66 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 2,398 ft (731 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 5,524
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 5,801
 • Density 976.0/sq mi (376.8/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 83644
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-52660
GNIS feature ID 0373932
Website City of Middleton, Idaho Website

Middleton is a city in Canyon County, Idaho, United States. The population was 5,524 at the 2010 census, up from 2,978 in 2000.[5][6] It is part of the Boise CityNampa, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Middleton was named for its location between the old fort Boise and Keeney's Ferry; it being the mid point between the two. It served as a rest stop for those heading for Keeney's Ferry. [7] It had a stage station in the early days of the Oregon Trail, a post office in 1866 and a water powered gist mill in 1871. The Ward Massacre occurred near the site in 1854.[8]

Middleton is the oldest settlement in Canyon County, with the land being parceled out in 1863 by William N. Montgomery. The Boise River flooded in 1872 and cut a new channel, isolating the town on an island; as a result, the town moved to a new location in the years after 1880. The town incorporated as a city in 1910,[9] although the certificate was not issued until 1971. The present mayor is Darin Taylor.[10]

On February 1, 2007, 78% of Middleton High School burned down, caused by the overheating of a fan above the weight room. The 42-year old building was built when fire codes required sprinklers to be installed, but there was no provision for their functionality. To save money during the construction of the school in the 1960s, the sprinklers were installed but were never connected to a water source.

Geography[edit]

Middleton is located at 43°42′23″N 116°37′13″W / 43.70639°N 116.62028°W / 43.70639; -116.62028 (43.706353, -116.620228),[11] at an elevation of 2,398 feet (730.9 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.71 square miles (14.79 km2), of which, 5.66 square miles (14.66 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 125
1890 190
1900 147 −22.6%
1910 450 206.1%
1920 585 30.0%
1930 372 −36.4%
1940 477 28.2%
1950 496 4.0%
1960 541 9.1%
1970 739 36.6%
1980 1,901 157.2%
1990 1,851 −2.6%
2000 2,978 60.9%
2010 5,524 85.5%
Est. 2012 5,801 [12] 5.0%
source:[5][6][13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,524 people, 1,843 households, and 1,392 families residing in the city. The population density was 976.0 inhabitants per square mile (376.8/km2). There were 2,037 housing units at an average density of 359.9 per square mile (139.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.0% of the population.

There were 1,843 households of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.5% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.45.

The median age in the city was 30.5 years. 35.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 19.1% were from 45 to 64; and 8.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 2,978 people, 1,017 households, and 755 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,696.8 people per square mile (653.3/km²). There were 1,066 housing units at an average density of 607.4 per square mile (233.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.67% White, 0.30% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 3.53% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.21% of the population.

There were 1,017 households out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,665, and the median income for a family was $34,734. Males had a median income of $27,298 versus $20,792 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,447. About 7.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by State Highway 44. It connects to Interstate 84 at exit 25, three miles (5 km) to the west; the city of Star is six miles (10 km) to the east on SH-44.

Notable people[edit]

Notable people from Middleton include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Middleton, Idaho". City of Middleton, Idaho. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  5. ^ a b "Quickfacts: Middleton, Idaho". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  6. ^ a b Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - Middleton, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-14
  7. ^ "Profile for Middleton, Idaho, ID". ePodunk. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  8. ^ *Fisher, Vardis; Federal Writers' Project (1938). Idaho Encyclopedia. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, Ltd. p. 398. OCLC 962624. 
  9. ^ "Middleton, Idaho". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  10. ^ middleton.id.gov - Mayor - Vicki Thurber - accessed 2011-12-14
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "State and County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  13. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 96.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]