|— City —|
|Motto: "Bright past, brighter future"|
|• Total||26.43 sq mi (68.45 km2)|
|• Land||26.19 sq mi (67.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)|
|Elevation||656 ft (200 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||48,962|
|• Density||1,859.3/sq mi (717.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1061519|
Middletown is a city located in Butler and Warren counties in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Formerly in Lemon, Turtlecreek, and Franklin townships, Middletown was incorporated by the Ohio General Assembly on February 11, 1833, and became a city in 1886.
The city was the home of AK Steel Holding Corporation (formerly Armco), a major steel works founded in 1900 until offices were moved to West Chester Township, Ohio in 2007, but AK Steel's factory still resides in Middletown. Middletown contains a small municipal airport known as Hook Field, (airport code MWO), but is no longer served by commercial airlines, only general aviation. A regional campus of Miami University is located in Middletown. In 1957, Middletown was designated as an All-America City.
The city's name is believed to have been given by its founder, Stephen Vail, but questions remain unanswered as to why. One local historian stated that the city received its name because Mr. Vail had come from Middletown, New Jersey. Another writer believed that the city was named Middletown because it was the midway point of navigation on the Great Miami River, which was then considered a navigable stream. Another theory is credited to the city being roughly half way between Dayton and Cincinnati. Vail centered the city in Fractional Section 28 of Town 2, Range 4 North. One of the first settlers in Middletown was Daniel Doty who migrated there from New Jersey in the late 18th century.
Middletown is located at 39°30′N 84°23′W (39.5060, -84.3759).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.43 square miles (68.45 km2), of which, 26.19 square miles (67.83 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2) is water.
Middletown adjoins the Great Miami River. Middletown also borders the cities of Franklin, Monroe, Trenton, and Liberty and Madison Townships.
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 48,694 people, 20,238 households, and 12,505 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,859.3 inhabitants per square mile (717.9 /km2). There were 23,296 housing units at an average density of 889.5 per square mile (343.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.3% White, 11.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.
There were 20,238 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,605 people, 21,469 households, and 13,933 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,011.4 people per square mile (776.5/km2). There were 23,144 housing units at an average density of 902.1 per square mile (348.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.98% White, 10.59% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 21,469 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,215, and the median income for a family was $43,867. Males had a median income of $35,705 versus $23,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,773. About 9.2% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents 
- Todd Bell – Pro Bowl safety in the National Football League (NFL) during the 1980s.
- Gay Brewer – professional golfer on the PGA Tour who won the 1967 Masters Tournament
- Casey Calvert – guitarist for Hawthorne Heights
- James E. Campbell – politician; 38th Governor of Ohio
- Butch Carter – former player and head coach in the National Basketball Association, brother of Cris Carter
- Cris Carter – former NFL Pro-Bowl and All-Decade player and NFL analyst
- Dan Daub – 19th century Major League Baseball pitcher
- Brooklyn Decker – fashion model
- Bill Hanzlik – retired professional basketball player and coach
- J. Eugene Harding – businessman and member of the United States House of Representatives
- Kayla Harrison – first American to win an Olympic gold medal in judo
- Thomas Howard – former Major League Baseball player
- Darrell Hunter – professional American football athlete (cornerback)
- Howard Jones – Renowned college football player and coach, and member of the College Football Hall of Fame's inaugural class of inductees in 1951
- July for Kings – rock band
- Patrick L. Kessler – U.S. Army soldier and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II
- Frank Lickliter – professional golfer
- John London – longtime news reporter, WLW Television
- Jerry Lucas – National Basketball Association champion; Basketball Hall of Famer, Olympic gold medalist, and one of the NBA's 50 greatest players
- Donald E. “Buz” Lukens – politician; former member of the United States House of Representatives
- McGuire Sisters (Christine, Dorothy, and Phyllis) – vocal trio of American popular music
- Julia Pace Mitchell – actress (The Young and the Restless, Notorious)
- Scott Nein – politician of the Republican Party, who served as a member of the Ohio Senate for two terms
- Clarence Page – Pulitzer Prize winning journalist, syndicated columnist and member of the editorial board for the Chicago Tribune
- Susan Perkins –Miss Ohio and Miss America 1978
- Chrystee Pharris – television and film actress
- Gordon Ray Roberts – youngest living Medal of Honor recipient and the only Medal of Honor recipient still serving on active duty, has also been awarded the Silver Star, Bronze Star Medal, Presidential Unit Citation, and numerous other awards for valor and achievement
- Charlie Root – Major League Baseball pitcher who holds the record for career wins for the Chicago Cubs, he also threw the pitch that Babe Ruth allegedly predicted he would hit into the seats in the 1932 World Series at Wrigley Field in Chicago
- Ed Schrock – politician; former member of the United States House of Representatives
- Shepherd Sisters (Martha, Gayle, Judy, and Mary Lou) – vocal quartet
- Paul J. Sorg – businessman and member of the United States House of Representatives
- Ferdinand Van Derveer – lawyer, sheriff, judge and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War
- William Verity, Jr. – US administrator and steel industrialist, served as the Secretary of Commerce between 1987 and 1989 under President Ronald Reagan
- John M. Watson, Sr. – trombonist with Red Saunders and Count Basie Orchestras and other notable musical acts, educator, actor in 13 movies (Bones Roosevelt in The Fugitive, Uncle Pete in Soul Food) and several theater roles including the Broadway production of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
- Virtue Hampton Whitted – jazz singer and bassist
- Mitchell Davis – YouTube enthusiast
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS(OMB Bulletin No. 10-02). December 1, 2009. p. 28.
- "Fear, caution, patriotism watchwords in Middletown".
- Todd Bell at Pro-Football-Reference.com
- 50 Greatest NBA Players at NBA.com
Further reading 
- Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
- Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
- Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
- A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohio: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882.
- Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002-2003. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 2003.
- City of Middletown
- Middletown Chamber of Commerce
- Middletown Historical Society
- Middletown Journal
- Middletown City Schools
- Middletown Library
- Middletown News
- Middletown Lyric Theatre
- Middletown travel guide from Wikivoyage
- "In Depth: America's Fastest-Dying Towns: 10. Middletown, Ohio"