Middletown Township, New Jersey
|Middletown Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Middletown|
|Motto: The Biggest Small Town in New Jersey|
Map of Middletown Township in Monmouth County. Inset (left): Monmouth County highlighted within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Middletown Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Formed||October 31, 1693|
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|• Type||Special Charter|
|• Mayor||Stephanie C. Murray (term ends December 31, 2014)|
|• Administrator||Anthony P. Mercantante|
|• Clerk||Heidi R. Brunt|
|• Total||58.735 sq mi (152.122 km2)|
|• Land||40.989 sq mi (106.160 km2)|
|• Water||17.746 sq mi (45.962 km2) 30.21%|
|Area rank||23rd of 566 in state
2nd of 53 in county
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2013)||66,290|
|• Rank||16th of 566 in state
1st of 53 in county
|• Density||1,622.9/sq mi (626.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||321st of 566 in state
40th of 53 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07748 - Middletown
07701 - Red Bank
07716 - Atlantic Highlands
07718 - Belford
07732 - Highlands
07733 - Highlands
07737 - Leonardo
07738 - Lincroft
07752 - Navesink
07758 - Port Monmouth
07760 - Locust
|Area code(s)||732/848 and 908|
|GNIS feature ID||0882604|
Middletown Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 66,522, making it the state's 16th largest municipality, having seen an increase of 195 residents (0.3%) from its population of 66,327 in the 2000 Census, when it was the state's 17th most populous municipality, which had in turn declined by 1,856 (-2.7%) from the 68,183 counted in the 1990 Census. Middletown is one of the oldest sites of European settlement in New Jersey.
Middletown Township was originally formed on October 31, 1693, and was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Atlantic Township (February 8, 1847, now Colts Neck Township), Raritan Township (February 25, 1848, now Hazlet Township), Atlantic Highlands (February 28, 1887), Highlands (March 22, 1900) and Keansburg (March 22, 1917).
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and geology
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Emergency services
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Small communities of the Lenape Navesink tribe were common throughout the area when the first known European landing in what would become Middletown Township occurred in 1609. Sea captain and explorer Henry Hudson, in search of the mythical Northwest Passage in the service of the Dutch West India Company, anchored along the shores of Sandy Hook Bay in 1609, describing the area "a very good land to fall in with and a pleasant land to see." While a patroonship was granted by the company in 1651 the land wasn't officially settled. Today's Shoal Harbor Museum and Old Spy House includes portions of a house constructed by Thomas Whitlock, one of the area's first European settlers, who arrived after the English conquest of New Netherland in 1665 as part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Long-standing tradition had Penelope Stout, one of the first settlers, hiding in a tree from hostile Native Americans.
Shortly after the Dutch surrender of the New Netherland to the English in 1664 a large tract of land known as the Navesink Patent or Monmouth Tract was granted to Quaker settlers from Long Island, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, which soon thereafter became the townships of Middletown and Shrewsbury.
During the American Revolutionary War, Middletown and much of the rest of Eastern Monmouth County was held by the British. After the Battle of Monmouth, the British retreat from Freehold Township, New Jersey carried them down King's Highway in Middletown to their embarkation points at Sandy Hook in the bay, heading back to New York City.
Upon the completion of a railroad junction in 1875, the town grew more rapidly, eventually changing from a group of small and loosely connected fishing and agricultural villages into a fast-growing suburb at the turn of the 20th century. If Middletown ever had a recognizable town center or town square, it was lost in that rapid growth soon after World War II.
In May 1958, several Nike Ajax missiles exploded at Battery NY-53 in Chapel Hill, killing ten Army and civilian personnel. The accident was one of the worst missile-related disasters of the Cold War.
The Waterfront site of Naval Weapons Station Earle is located in Leonardo on Sandy Hook Bay, and is used to load ammunition onto ships on a finger pier that stretches for 2.9 miles (4.7 km), making it the world's second-longest such pier.
The "Evil Clown of Middletown" is a towering sign along Route 35 painted to resemble a circus clown, that currently advertises a liquor store. The sign is a remnant of an old supermarket that used to be at that location called "Food Circus". The clown and recent successful attempts from residents to save it from demolition have been featured in the pages of Weird NJ magazine, on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, and in the Kevin Smith-directed film Clerks II.
The Indian Trails 15K road race is held each year in April to benefit the Monmouth Conservation Foundation and includes a 5K walk/run event for fun. The race, run on a combination on paved and dirt roads, includes many relatively steep hills and has been described as "the most challenging race in the state".
Geography and geology
Middletown Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 58.735 square miles (152.122 km2), of which, 40.989 square miles (106.160 km2) of it was land and 17.746 square miles (45.962 km2) of it (30.21%) of it was water.(40.407306, −74.071121). According to the
Belford (2010 Census population of 1,768), Fairview (3,806), Leonardo (2,757), Lincroft (6,135), Navesink (2,020), North Middletown (3,295) and Port Monmouth (3,818) are all census-designated places and unincorporated areas located within Middletown Township.
Other unincorporated areas that are part of the township are Locust, New Monmouth and Sandy Hook. The Sandy Hook peninsula is not connected to the rest of the township by land. However, one could sail along Raritan Bay from the mainland to Sandy Hook and remain within Middletown Township.
|Climate data for Middletown Township, NJ|
|Average high °F (°C)||38
|Average low °F (°C)||27
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.50
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,522 people, 23,962 households, and 18,235 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,622.9 per square mile (626.6/km2). There were 24,959 housing units at an average density of 608.9 per square mile (235.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.89% (62,456) White, 1.31% (869) Black or African American, 0.10% (67) Native American, 2.60% (1,730) Asian, 0.01% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.81% (537) from other races, and 1.29% (855) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.37% (3,569) of the population.
There were 23,962 households, of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the township, 24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $96,190 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,818) and the median family income was $110,944 (+/- $3,794). Males had a median income of $78,739 (+/- $3,585) versus $52,752 (+/- $2,573) for females. The per capita income for the township was $42,792 (+/- $1,706). About 1.7% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 66,327 people, 23,236 households, and 18,100 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,613.0 people per square mile (622.8/km²). There were 23,841 housing units at an average density of 579.8 per square mile (223.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.71% White, 1.21% African American, 0.07% Native American, 2.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.41% of the population.
There were 23,236 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the township the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $75,566, and the median income for a family was $86,124. Males had a median income of $60,755 versus $36,229 for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,196. About 1.9% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 105 or over.
The Township Committee operates under a special charter approved on June 23, 1971, by the New Jersey Legislature. Middletown Township is governed by a five-member Township Committee, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor, each for a one-year term. The Township Committee establishes municipal policies and programs and appropriates funds.
As of 2014[update], members of the Middletown Township Committee are Mayor Stephanie C. Murray (R, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Kevin M. Settembrino (R, term on committee ends 2016; term as deputy mayor ends 2014), Anthony P. Fiore (R, 2014), Stephen G. Massell (R, 2015) and Gerard P. Scharfenberger (R, 2016).
Federal, state, and county representation
Middletown Township is split between the 4th and 6th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 13th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Middletown Township had been split between the 6th Congressional District and the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. The split that took effect in 2013 placed 30,866 residents living in the township's southeast in the 4th District, while 35,656 residents in the northern and eastern portions of the township were placed in the 6th District.
New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 13th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph M. Kyrillos (R, Middletown Township) and in the General Assembly by Amy Handlin (R, Middletown Township) and Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014), Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014), Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016), John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015) and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 46,628 registered voters in Middletown Township, of which 10,222 (21.9%) were registered as Democrats, 11,674 (25.0%) were registered as Republicans and 24,701 (53.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 31 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.9% of the vote here (20,997 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.8% (15,058 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (404 votes), among the 36,887 ballots cast by the township's 48,174 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.6%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 60.2% of the vote here (21,317 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.6% (13,651 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (301 votes), among the 35,403 ballots cast by the township's 46,022 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.3% of the vote here (16,351 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.8% (6,265 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (1,382 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (188 votes), among the 24,298 ballots cast by the township's 47,422 registered voters, yielding a 51.2% turnout.
Middletown has some of the largest emergency service departments in the area. The police and fire departments celebrated a joint 75th Anniversary in 2003.
The Middletown Township Police Department is one of the largest police forces in Monmouth County, with approximately 105 sworn officers. The Middletown Township Police Department was formed on May 15, 1928 with the hiring of its first full-time police officer, Earl N. Hoyer. His appointment read Patrolman / Chief of Police, at an annual salary of $125.00.
The Rude Awakening Program educates the youth and their parents about alcohol abuse and its position as a gateway drug to further and harsher drugs and substance abuse. The program is specifically designed to educate the student in the life altering ramifications of drinking and driving. The program is mainly backed by the police department and has later encompassed EMS and fire into the program for vehicle extrication demonstrations.
The Middletown Township Fire Department (referred to as MTFD, Monmouth County agency prefix 31 and 71) consists of 11 fire companies plus additional specialized units spread throughout the town and is composed of 500 volunteers. It is commonly stated that the Middletown Township Fire Department is "The World's Largest All Volunteer Fire Department".
The companies, in order of creation, are as follows:
- Navesink Hook and Ladder Fire Company No. 1 on May 1, 1886
- Brevent Park & Leonardo Fire Company on October 16, 1903
- Belford Chemical Engine Company No. 1 on August 14, 1916
- Community Fire Company of Leonardo on September 9, 1922
- East Keansburg Fire Company No. 1 in 1922
- Port Monmouth Fire Company No. 1 in November 1922
- Belford Independent Fire Company in 1923
- Middletown Fire Company No. 1 in April 1924
- River Plaza Hose Company No. 1 on December 8, 1927
For a time these companies acted separately until August 28, 1928, when all the individual companies were brought together to form the current fire department. Since then, two more companies have been formed:
- Lincroft Fire Company in May 1932
- Old Village Fire Company on September 7, 1955
Later, the individual companies took on station numbers with regard to their creation date. Navesink becoming Station #1 and Old Village becoming Station #11.
There are other special units besides the main fire companies. The MTFD has its own Fire Police Unit, Air Unit, and Special Services Unit (SSU).
- MTFD Fire Police controls fire scenes and ensures that civilians are kept away
- The Air Unit provides service for firefighter SCBA equipment and also has a mobile air compressor truck to refill air bottles at the scene of a fire. This truck responds outside of Middletown to neighboring towns as requested.
- MTFD Special Services Emergency Response Team provides Level A Hazardous Material Emergency Response, Technical and Mass Decontamination, Structural Collapse Rescue, Emergency Shoring, High & Low Angle Rope Rescue, Confined Space Rescue, Trench Rescue and Various other Technical Rescue Capabilities to Township of Middletown as well as neighboring towns as requested or under contract by certain towns.
- The Brevent Park and Leonardo Fire Company is the owner of a Marine Fire Boat that can be requested throughout the Bayshore community for scenes on the water involving Fire and Water Rescue
The Middletown Township Fire Academy was established in 1974 to provide basic firefighter training to the township's volunteers. A tract of land was donated off of Normandy Road for the cause and the volunteer firefighters built its beginnings themselves. Classes began in trailers until a suitable classroom building was constructed. A small wooden multi-floor building sitting on buried telephone poles was the earliest training structure. Later a proper "smokehouse" made of cinder block served firefighters until 2007 when it was closed. The classroom building and smokehouse are featured in the academy's logo.
A four-story corrugated steel "ladder tower" building was constructed as the academy's high rise prop. There are internal and external stairways with a standpipe and sprinkler system throughout, only fed with water by an engine during training. It also features trapdoors creating an internal column for rope rescue training. For a period of time there was a SCBA maze located in a lower room of the building until it was converted into a live burn room after the smokehouse was closed. Vehicle extrication as well as car and fuel fires are fought on the "burn pad" which is an open concrete area next to the smokehouse. Donated vehicles are brought in from various sources. Typically they are used first for extrication by a first aid or fire company and then later get burned for car fire training by another. Fuels fires are contained in drums or tanks that have been cut open.
A confined space prop was located next to the main parking lot which was a large pipe with access ways buried under dirt. Trench rescue simulations were also held near this prop. One of the more recent additions to the academy is the flashover chamber. A peaked roof prop sits in the middle of the academy which utilizes replaceable 4x8 plywood sheets for firefighters to practice cutting roofs. There was at one time a flat roof prop as well.
The Fire Academy's motto is "Training the Best, for the Worst". Firefighter I (aka "basic") classes are held in the spring and fall. Topics and graduation requirements surpass that of Monmouth County Fire Academy. Other courses from firefighting to Incident Command and more are offered by the academy. Other agencies also sponsor courses that use the facilities.
Aside from the Middletown Township fire companies and first aid squads, outside departments such as those from Jersey City, Bayonne, Fort Monmouth, and others have come to Middletown Township for training at the academy. The classrooms are also used by the Board of Education and for police training. The township's shooting range is located on the same property adjacent to the fire academy.
There are five squads that make up Middletown Township Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and provide Basic Life Support (BLS) ambulances to the township. They are:
- Middletown First Aid and Rescue Squad
- Fairview First Aid Squad
- Port Monmouth First Aid Squad
- Leonardo First Aid and Rescue Squad
- Lincroft First Aid and Rescue Squad
They are all volunteer as well. All except Port Monmouth have EMS rescue trucks with equipment to handle vehicle extrications and rope rescue. These squads also have boats and dive teams to perform rescue and recovery operations involving water which have been called out of town to assist with large area searches. Port Monmouth provides a bariatric unit, a converted ambulance, for severely overweight patients. It has been requested outside of Middletown Township as a back-up for MONOC's unit.
Advanced Life Support (ALS) or paramedics for the township and surrounding towns are provided by MONOC. The two primary paramedic units for Middletown Township are Medic 206 located at MTFD Station 8 (Middletown Fire Company No. 1) covering a majority of the town and Medic 201 located at South Aberdeen First Aid Squad in Aberdeen covering the Northwestern end of town. Other medic units from farther distances are dispatched when these are not available.
The Middletown Township Public School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade and consists of seventeen public schools. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are twelve elementary schools — Bayview Elementary School (K-5; 407 students), Fairview Elementary School (K-5; 328), Harmony Elementary School (PreK-5; 479), Leonardo Elementary School (K-5; 252), Lincroft Elementary School (K-5; 509), Middletown Village Elementary School (K-5; 462), Navesink Elementary School (K-5; 285), New Monmouth Elementary School (PreK-5; 486), Nut Swamp Elementary School (K-5; 549), Ocean Avenue Elementary School (K-5; 295), Port Monmouth Elementary School (K-5; 263) and River Plaza Elementary School (K-5; 313) — three grade 6-8 middle schools — Bayshore Middle School (698), Thompson Middle School (952) and Thorne Middle School (757) — and two high schools for grades 9-12, Middletown High School North (1,605) and Middletown High School South (1,443). Four elementary schools feed into each of the three middle schools.
Middletown also hosts two public magnet schools, High Technology High School, on the property of Brookdale Community College, located in the Lincroft section of town, and the Marine Academy of Science and Technology located on Sandy Hook, which are part of the Monmouth County Vocational School District.
Middletown Township is home to two private high schools. Christian Brothers Academy is an all-boys College preparatory school with a focus on Christian education run by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, located in Lincroft. Mater Dei High School is a four-year Catholic coeducational high school located in the New Monmouth section and operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.
There are also three private grammar schools, Saint Mary in New Monmouth and Saint Leo the Great School in Lincroft (both of which are part of the [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton]),] as well as Oak Hill Academy in Lincroft.
Roads and highways
As of 2010[update], the township had a total of 350.16 miles (563.53 km) of roadways, of which 302.18 miles (486.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.44 miles (50.60 km) by Monmouth County and 11.95 miles (19.23 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.59 miles (7.39 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The Garden State Parkway passes through the township, connecting Tinton Falls in the south to Holmdel Township in the north. The township includes Parkway interchange 109 which is signed for County Route 520 to Red Bank / Lincroft and interchange 114 for Holmdel / Middletown. There are three toll gates on the Parkway located in Middletown, two of them are at Exit 109 (northbound entry, southbound exit), and two at Exit 114 (northbound entry, with the southbound toll exit in Holmdel). Routes 35 and 36 pass through Middletown.
CR 516 travels through the northern part of the township and its eastern end is at Route 36 near Leonardo. County Route 520 passes through the southern portion of Middletown. Route 520 leads to Sea Bright to the east and eventually turns into CR 612 to the west, which connects to the New Jersey Turnpike at Exit 8A in Monroe Township.
New Jersey Transit's provides rail service at the Middletown station which runs between New York City's Pennsylvania Station and Bay Head on the North Jersey Coast Line. New Jersey Transit is a major commuter rail system, with track-sharing agreements with Amtrak, Metro-North Railroad, Norfolk Southern, CSX Transportation, and Conrail Shared Assets.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Middletown Township include:
- Mary Kay Adams (born 1962), actress on Babylon 5.
- Joseph Azzolina (1926–2010), served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1966-1972, 1986–1988 and from 1992–2006.
- Sebastian Bach (born 1968), heavy metal singer.
- Jon Bon Jovi (born 1962), musician.
- Pete Capella (born 1977), voice actor, comedian.
- Connie Chung (born 1946), TV journalist.
- Donald De Lue (1897-1988), sculptor.
- Billy Devaney (born 1955), General Manager of the St. Louis Rams.
- Darren Fenster (born 1978), manager in the Boston Red Sox minor league system.
- Siobhan Fallon Hogan (born 1961), former Saturday Night Live cast member.
- Amy Handlin (born 1956), represents the 13th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Judith Rich Harris (born 1938), psychologist and author of The Nurture Assumption.
- Debbie Harry (born 1945), singer-songwriter and actress, lead singer of the band Blondie.
- Jerry Holbert, editorial cartoonist.
- Bill Kunkel (1936-1985), former Major League Baseball pitcher and umpire.
- Jeff Kunkel (born 1962), former major-league shortstop.
- Brian Lynch (born 1973), writer and director of films including Big Helium Dog.
- Melanie McGuire (born 1972, née Slate), convicted of murder.
- Knowshon Moreno (born 1987), current Miami Dolphins running back and 1st round draft choice of the Denver Broncos.
- Christian Peter (born 1972), former NFL defensive tackle.
- Jason Peter (born 1974), former NFL football player.
- Maury Povich (born 1939), talk show personality.
- Geraldo Rivera (born 1943), television journalist.
- Richard Scudder (1913-2012), newspaper pioneer and co-founder of the MediaNews Group.
- Kevin Smith (born 1970), filmmaker (Clerks, Chasing Amy, Jersey Girl, etc.), wrote and filmed Clerks at a Quick Stop in the Leonardo section of Middletown.
- Penelope Stout, shipwrecked on Sandy Hook in 1640s and was a founder of Middletown.
- E.W. Swackhamer (1927–1994), television director.
- Symphony X, band whose members (except Russell Allen) are from New Jersey.
- Bob Tucker (born 1945), former tight end in the NFL for the New York Giants and Minnesota Vikings.
- James van Riemsdyk (born 1989), drafted second overall in the 2007 NHL Entry Draft, he has played for the Philadelphia Flyers and Toronto Maple Leafs.
- Billy Van Zandt (born 1957), actor/playwright.
- Steven Van Zandt (born 1950), solo rocker, guitarist for Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band and actor on The Sopranos.
- Max Weinberg (born 1951), Late Night with Conan O'Brien band leader and drummer of Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band.
- Bill Weber (born 1957), NBC sports broadcaster.
- Tom Wilkens (born 1975), Olympic swimming medalist.
- Brian Williams (born 1959), NBC News anchorman.
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- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Middletown, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Middletown township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Middletown township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 12, 2012.
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- Zip Codes, Middletown Township. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Middletown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 29, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Red Bank, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 29, 2012.
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- Look Up a ZIP Code for Holmdel, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Leonardo, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Lincroft, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Navesink, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Port Monmouth, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Locust, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Middletown, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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- "Welcome to the Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying Ground On Penelope Lane in Middletown, New Jersey", Atlantic Highlands Herald, Spring 2003
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Middletown & Shrewsbury, 1665 (a.k.a. Navesink or Monmouth Patent) – In April 1665, twelve men, principally from Long Island, obtained a triangular tract from Governor Nicolls extending from Sandy Hook to the mouth of the Raritan River, up the river approximately twenty-five miles, then southwest to Barnegat Bay. The area was first known as Navesink, then Middletown and Shrewsbury County, and finally in 1683 as Monmouth County. Founders were mostly Baptists and Quakers. Purchasers at Middletown and Shrewsbury subscribed £3 or £4, which entitled them to 120 acres with additional increments for wives and children, and 60 acres for each servant. As many as eighty families arrived from Long Island, Rhode Island and Massachusetts during the first years. Quaker meetings were established by 1670. Settlers understood their patent to have endowed them with a right of government.
- Jordan, Bob. "Middletown's communities These are the 12 major communities that make up Middletown, Monmouth County's third largest and most populated.", Asbury Park Press, November 15, 2001. Accessed June 29, 2012. "It was originally part of the Minisink Indian Trail and was later the route followed by British troops after their defeat at the Battle of Monmouth."
- "Fifty years later, residents remember M’town explosion" Alyssa Passeggio. The Courier May 29, 2008. May 31, 2008.
- Becker, Bill. "EXPERTS SEEKING CLUES TO BLAST; Comb Nike Area in Wake of Explosion That Killed 10 -- Meyner Gets Assurances", The New York Times, May 24, 1958. Accessed June 29, 2012. "An Army board of inquiry and ordnance experts combed the Nike launching base near Middletown, N. J., yesterday for clues to the cause of the eight-missile explosion that took ten lives Thursday."
- Getting Here, Naval Weapons Station Earle. Accessed June 29, 2012. "NWS Earle’s Waterfront site, which boasts the second longest finger pier in the world, is located on Sandy Hook Bay adjacent to the town of Leonardo. The entrance to the Waterfront is off New Jersey State Highway 36. The 2.9 mile finger pier complex, the only one of its type in the United States, is outfitted with excellent rail and truck accommodations."
- Opinion. "Ungreening of the GOP in Congress", Asbury Park Press, July 17, 2011. Accessed June 29, 2012. "According to the current issue of Weird N.J. magazine, the Circus Foodtown Co., which owns the property on which the Evil Clown stands, is marketing a line of T-shirts featuring a depiction of what the magazine refers to as 'his evilness.'"
- Staff. "Smart runners cashing in on knowledge of tangents", Daily Record (Morristown), March 26, 2006. Accessed June 29, 2012. "One of my favorites is the Indian Trails 15K in Middletown on Sunday, April 2nd. With its extreme hills, it has to be the most challenging race in the state, and also the most fun if you are a good downhill runner."
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Belford CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 29, 2012.
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- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lincroft CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Navesink CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for North Middletown CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 29, 2012.
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- Per "Thinking", 1995: "During the Revolutionary War, the British held Sandy Hook, a seven-mile finger of land in Raritan Bay that is part of Middletown even though it is not connected to the municipality."
- Staff. "Fossil Frenzy", Asbury Park Press, August 20, 2003. Accessed June 29, 2012. "Ankle deep in the waters of Poricy Brook - which runs through the Oak Hill Road park - fossil hunters sifted through the dirt hoping to find an ancient oyster shell called a Pycnodonte, or a prized Belemnite - a reddish brown, cone shaped fossil from an ancient squid."
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- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 7, 2012. Population for Middletown township is listed as 5,059 for 1880 and 6,595 for 1890, which included population for Atlantic Highlands town of 945 in 1890. Middletown township's population for 1990 was calculated via subtraction.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed June 29, 2012.
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- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Middletown township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 12, 2012.
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- Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- About the County Clerk, M. Claire French, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 2, 2012.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 2, 2012.
- 2009 Governor: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 2, 2012.
- Van Develde, Elaine. "Police and fire celebrate 75th anniversary", Independent, June 18, 2003. Accessed August 7, 2012. "Middletown’s police and fire departments both celebrated 75 years on the beat Saturday. While the beat was as expansive then as it is now, neither department was anywhere near their present size.Three-quarters of a century later, the township’s fire department is boasted as the largest all-volunteer department in the world. The police department is one of the largest in the state."
- Police Department, Middletown Township. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Finck, Adam. Police Department History, Middletown Township. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Middletown Township - Police Department Rude Awakening Program
- Home page, Middletown Township Fire Department. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Fire Department , Middletown Township. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Davison, Andrew. "Mayor: Volunteers earn Mid’twn top cities ranking Twp. one of only four N.J. towns to make Money magazine list", Middletown Independent, July 22, 2010. Accessed March 12, 2012. "Scharfenberger said the Middletown Township Fire Department (MTFD), which is composed entirely of volunteers, caught Money magazine’s attention. “They were really impressed with the fire department, not only the largeness of it but the effectiveness of it.” Scharfenberger said the MTFD is considered the largest all-volunteer fire department in the world. "
- Home page, Navesink Hook and Ladder Fire Company. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- Davison, Andrew. "Navesink Hook & Ladder celebrates 125 years; Legacy of volunteers connects generations", Independent, June 30, 2011. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- History, Belford Engine Company. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- A Brief History - 1922–present, Community Fire Company. Accessed June 29, 2012.
- Township of Middletown Emergency Medical Services
- Data for the Middletown Township Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- Bayview Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Fairview Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Harmony Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Leonardo Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Lincroft Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Middletown Village Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Navesink Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- New Monmouth Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Nut Swamp Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Ocean Avenue Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Port Monmouth Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- River Plaza Elementary School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Bayshore Middle School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Thompson Middle School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Thorne Middle School, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Middletown High School North, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Middletown High School South, Middletown Township Public School District. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Middletown Township Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- School Overview, High Technology High School. Accessed November 20, 2011.
- School Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- School Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed March 12, 2012.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed October 2, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 2, 2014.
- Middletown station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 2, 2014.
- North Jersey Coast Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 2, 2014.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed November 22, 2011.
- Profile of Mary Kay Adams, accessed December 30, 2006.
- Passalacqua, Connie. "India is First Stop on Adams' Road To Fame", Times-Union, January 26, 1985. Accessed November 20, 2011. "In reality, Miss Adams is from a middle-class background and was raised in Middletown, N.J."
- Sullivan, Joseph F. "POLITICS; Parties Maneuver to Replace 2 Representatives", The New York Times, April 3, 1988. Accessed March 12, 2012. "Before Mr. Howard suffered a fatal heart attack on March 24 - he died the next day - his likely Republican opponent was former Assemblyman Joseph Azzolina of Middletown."
- Considine, Bob. "Springing Bach to life", Asbury Park Press, May 19, 2006. Accessed July 30, 2007. "The 38-year-old Middletown resident is as excitable as ever, discussing the past, present and future with his typical hyperactivity."
- Derakhshani, Tirdad. "Sideshow: CineFest hands out awards", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 16, 2011. Accessed June 29, 2012. "Jon Bon Jovi's house in Middletown Township, N.J., was burgled April 3, with $100K in jewelry running down the road. The perp also burgled three neighbors."
- Light, Alan. "MUSIC; Bon Jovi Learns the Value of Staying on Message", The New York Times, October 13, 2002. Accessed June 29, 2012. "But sipping coffee by the pool at his home in Middletown, N.J. -- a sprawling estate he shares with his wife, Dorothea (his one-time high school sweetheart), and three children, complete with a recording studio and a fully operational pub -- Mr. Bon Jovi revealed no bitterness."
- Celano, Clare Marie. "Freehold Borough to serve as filmmaker’s backdrop", News Transcript, April 17, 2002. Accessed November 30, 2007. "Members of the cast include Peter Capella, who plays Steve Wilson. A Middletown resident, Capella has been featured in commercials and television pilots."
- From working-class to wealthy, distinct neighborhoods make Middletown, Asbury Park Press, October 14, 2004.
- Stattel, Erin O. " From monumental to medallions, exhibit showcases De Lue's work; Leonardo sculptor known for powerful human figures", The Hub, August 6, 2009. Accessed August 29, 2013. "De Lue, best known for his sculpture 'Rocket Thrower,' showcased at the 1964 New York World's Fair, was originally from Boston but took up residence in the Leonardo section of Middletown after seeking more space for his sculpting passion."
- Garafolo, Mike. "Monmouth County's Billy Devaney now making waves as GM of the St. Louis Rams", The Star-Ledger, April 21, 2009. Accessed July 20, 2011. "'He's very happy right now. And I can tell he is, too,' said Mike Corley, Devaney's best friend from before their days together at Mater Dei High School in New Monmouth.... It was a fitting career path for a self-proclaimed "draftnik" (before there were draftniks) who used to take the bus from Leonardo -- a section of Middletown -- to Port Authority in Manhattan to pick up a copy of Street & Smith's draft guide."
- Darren Fenster - Assistant Coach, Rutgers Scarlet Knights. Accessed May 29, 2013. "A native of Middletown, N.J., Fenster is also a part of four appearances in the NCAA Tournament, including three as a player."
- Chesek, Tom. "'09 Basie Awards bring out best of high school shows", Asbury Park Press, May 23, 2009. Accessed January 22, 2011. ""Performing as master of ceremonies for this year's event was Count Basie Theatre board member Siobhan Fallon-Hogan, a Middletown resident...".
- Assembly Member Amy H. Handlin, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 10, 2007.
- Gladwell, Malcolm. "Do Parents Matter?", the New Yorker, August 17, 1998. Accessed July 3, 2007. "But her article was accepted, and in the space below her name, where authors typically put 'Princeton University' or 'Yale University' or 'Oxford University,' Harris proudly put 'Middletown, New Jersey.'"
- Ward, John -- "I... WILL... DRIVE PAST YOUR HOUSE...", Red Bank Green, June 1, 2006. Accessed February 12, 2008. "It seems the frontwoman for Blondie has a house on The Green. Records on file in Freehold show that Harry paid $1 million for a 2.1-acre property on Shadow Lake in the River Plaza section of Middletown in April, 2003. The seller was the Edwin J. Dobson III Trust." River Plaza is serviced by the Red Bank Post Office.
- Jerry Holbert Editorial Cartoons, United Feature Syndicate. Accessed August 2, 2007. "Born in Middletown, N.J., in 1958, Holbert aspired to cartooning as a young child".
- Staff. "Kunkel undergoes tests", Times-News (Hendersonville, North Carolina), February 18, 1983. Accessed August 14, 2012. "LEONARDO, N.J. — Bill Kunkel, an American League umpire who has had one cancerous tumor removed, said Thursday that he will enter New York University Hospital for tests on a malignant tumor that was detected last week."
- Alfano, Peter. "PLAYERS; ENDURING TRIPLE A AND A PAINFUL LOSS", The New York Times, June 11, 1985. Accessed March 12, 2012. "He joked about the bonus that Jeff would sign, comparing it to his own miserly wages as a ballplayer. He enjoyed answering the telephone at the family's home in Leonardo, N.J., where scouts would call regularly."
- O'Sullivan, Eleanor. "Crude dudes in Red Bank", Asbury Park Press, January 6, 2002. Accessed August 2, 2007. "In addition to Vulgar from Johnson, Atlantic Highlands, the comedy Big Helium Dog, from Middletown's Brian Lynch, also will be shown."
- About Melanie. MelanieMcGuire.com. Accessed July 22, 2007.
- Strickland, Carter. "Dogs offensive line good, but not great", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 25, 2007. Accessed October 17, 2007. "Moreno, a 5-foot-11, 207-pound native of Belford, N.J., tied senior Thomas Brown with a team-leading 74 rushing yards during the Bulldogs' 26-23 overtime win."
- Christian Peter profile, database Football. Accessed August 1, 2007.
- Ginley, Bill. "When the Cheers Aren't Enough", The New York Times, February 12, 2006. Accessed August 1, 2007. "Peter, who grew up in the Locust section of Middletown and played at Middletown South before moving on to the University of Nebraska and then to the Carolina Panthers, saw his life crumble."
- 2007 Spring Invitational on May 16 at Hollywood Golf Course, accessed May 9, 2007. "Player registration and business sponsorship opportunities are underway for one of Monmouth County's most prominent golf tournaments -- the CPC Spring Invitational hosted by Honorary Chairman Maury Povich of Middletown."
- Hevesi, Dennis. "Richard B. Scudder, Co-Founder of MediaNews Group, Dies at 99", The New York Times, July 15, 2012. Accessed August 12, 2012. "Richard B. Scudder, a founder and former chairman of MediaNews Group, one of the nation’s largest newspaper chains, and an innovator in recycling newsprint, died on July 11 at his home in Navesink, N.J. He was 99."
- Wasserstein, Ben. "The Man with 50,000 Friends: How Kevin Smith accidentally invented the future of movie marketing., New York (magazine), July 24, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Smith’s is the great Horatio Alger story of nineties independent film. A New School and film-school dropout, he wrote the screenplay for Clerks while working at a Quick Stop in Leonardo, New Jersey. He shot in the store at night with $27,000 he raised in part by selling his comic-book collection."
- Dowgin, Maura. "Town gets support for Stout house purchase", Independent, April 16, 2003. Accessed June 29, 2012. "The house once belonged to Penelope Stout, whom many people consider to be the founder of Middletown and a pioneer woman, said Bill Scott, current owner of the house. "
- Roberts, Jerry. Encyclopedia of Television Film Directors, Volume 1, p. 578. Scarecrow Press, 2009. ISBN 0810861380. Accessed June 29, 2012. "E. W. (Egbert Warmdrink) SWCKHAMER b. 1927, Middletown, New Jersey; d. December 5, 1994, Berlin, Germany"
- Harvin, Al. "An Offseason Game; New Jersey Sports", The New York Times, January 12, 1973. Accessed November 16, 2008. "Some of the other Jersey residents on the team, according to Davis, are Bob Tucker, the New York Giants' tight end from Lincroft; Phil Villapiano, Oakland Raider linebacker from Ocean Township, and Ron Johnson, Giant running back, now a resident of Fort Lee."
- Staff. "Flyers trade James van Riemsdyk to Toronto for defenseman Luke Schenn", The Star-Ledger, June 23, 2012. Accessed August 18, 2012. "Van Riemsdyk, 23, is a native of Middletown and a product of Christian Brothers Academy, in Lincroft. He was the second pick overall in the 2007 draft and scored 47 goals and 52 assists for 99 points in three seasons for the Flyers."
- Strauss, Robert. "IN PERSON; These Two People Are a Riot", The New York Times, April 14, 2002. Accessed March 12, 2012. "ABSTRACT - Article on Hollywood actors and television writers Billy Van Zandt, native of Middletown, and Jane Milmore, who grew up in nearby Keansburg; duo has been returning to Jersey Shore each spring for two decades for spring comedy productions."
- DeMasters, Karen. "POP MUSIC; Rocking the Foundations Of American Life", The New York Times, November 7, 1999. Accessed June 13, 2011."Mr. Van Zandt, who grew up in Middletown and now lives in Manhattan, was born into a Catholic family but grew up as a Baptist. He says he now accepts a mixture of many religions."
- DeMasters, Karen. "MUSIC; For Springsteen, Bar Mitzvahs and Conan, This Drummer Sets the Beat", The New York Times, January 28, 2001. Accessed March 12, 2012. "'I actually played at bar mitzvahs after the band broke up and was glad to do it,' Mr. Weinberg said in a recent interview in his home in a tony section of Middletown Township."
- Bill Weber biography, NASCAR. Accessed December 5, 2012. "I grew up in Middletown, NJ, graduated from Butler University in Indianapolis."
- Litsky, Frank. "SWIMMING: NATIONAL SPRING CHAMPIONSHIP; Wilkens Didn't Expect This Much Success", The New York Times, March 31, 1999. Accessed June 13, 2011. "When Tom Wilkens was growing up in Middletown, N.J., and swimming for Christian Brothers Academy in nearby Lincroft, he never thought he would be ranked No. 1 in the world in a race that was not even his specialty."
- Strauss, Robert. "IN PERSON; The Life Of Brian, Annotated", The New York Times, October 27, 2002. Accessed June 13, 2011. "Mr. Williams grew up in Mom-apple-pie-and-TV-trays style in Middletown, Monmouth County, a town of true middle class."
- Official website
- Middletown Township Public School District
- Middletown Township Public School District's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Middletown Township Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Atlantic Herald - NJ's 1st Official Electronic Newspaper
- Middletown Township Public Library
- The Courier: Official newspaper of the township
- Life in Middletown
- Former Middletown Nike Missile Site
Sandy Hook Bay
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