Midland County, Michigan

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Midland County, Michigan
Midland County (Michigan) Courthouse.jpg
Midland County Courthouse
Seal of Midland County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Midland County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1831, reorganized 1855[1]
Seat Midland
Largest city Midland
Area
 • Total 528 sq mi (1,368 km2)
 • Land 56 sq mi (145 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 83,629
 • Density 162/sq mi (63/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.midland.mi.us

Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 83,629.[2] The county seat is Midland.[3] The county's name is due to its closeness to the geographical Lower Peninsula's geographical center. It was set off in 1831. Organization did not take place until 1850, and that 1850 organization "was never implemented:" It was not until 1855 that the county was effectively organized.[1]

Midland County comprises the Midland, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Saginaw-Midland-Bay City, MI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 516 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Scheduled airline service is available from MBS International Airport[5] in Freeland, Michigan and Bishop International Airport in Flint, Michigan.[6] Midland also has a general aviation airport, Jack Barstow Municipal Airport.[7]

Public transportation[edit]

There is no regularly scheduled public transportation (bus service). Residents can call in advance to schedule pickup for transport within the county by two government sponsored agencies ("Dial-A-Ride" within the city of Midland and "County Connection" for those outside the city of Midland but still within Midland County) for a nominal fee.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 65
1860 787 1,110.8%
1870 3,285 317.4%
1880 6,893 109.8%
1890 10,657 54.6%
1900 14,439 35.5%
1910 14,005 −3.0%
1920 17,237 23.1%
1930 19,150 11.1%
1940 27,094 41.5%
1950 35,662 31.6%
1960 51,450 44.3%
1970 63,769 23.9%
1980 73,578 15.4%
1990 75,651 2.8%
2000 82,874 9.5%
2010 83,629 0.9%
Est. 2013 83,919 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 82,874 people, 31,769 households, and 22,683 families residing in the county. The population density was 159 people per square mile (61/km²). There were 33,796 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile (25/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.50% White, 1.05% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.6% were of German, 11.5% English, 10.2% United States or American, 8.9% Irish and 6.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.7% spoke only English, while 1.6% spoke Spanish at home.

There were 31,769 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,674, and the median income for a family was $55,483. Males had a median income of $45,656 versus $27,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,383. About 5.70% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.50% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginaw is the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church.[14]

Politics[edit]

Midland County predominantly supports the Republican Party, in contrast to the neighboring counties of Isabella, Saginaw, and Bay, who mainly support the Democratic Party.

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican candidate John McCain received 22,263 votes (50.83% of the county's share) to Democrat Barack Obama's 20,701 (47.26%), even as Obama carried the state by a double-digit margin.[15]

In 2004, Republican president George W. Bush received 24,369 (56.31%) votes to Democrat John Kerry's 18,355 (42.41%).[16]

In 2000, Bush received 21,887 votes (56.28%) to Democrat Al Gore's 15,959 (41.04%).[17]

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. Due to funding cuts, the Midland County Sheriff does not have a patrol division. Former patrol officers now serve in the Citizens Assistance Responders (CAR) division and will respond to requests for assistance.[18]

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of January 2013)

Board of Commissioners[edit]

7 members, elected from districts (7 Republicans)

District Commissioner Party Positions
1 Nicolas Finley Republican
2 Mark Bone Republican Chair of the Board
3 James Leigeb Republican Chair of Law Enforcement and Judiciary Committee
4 Richard Keenan Republican Chair of Human Service Committee
5 James Geisler Republican Chair of Finance Committee
6 James Bradley Republican Chair of Executive Committee
7 Dan McGillivray Republican

Communities[edit]

Midland County, MI Township boundary map

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Midland County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ MBS International Airport
  6. ^ Flint Bishop International Airport
  7. ^ Jack Barstow Municipal Airport
  8. ^ Dial-A-Ride homepage
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ Saginaw County Diocese home page
  15. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&fips=26111&off=0&elect=0&f=0
  16. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2004&fips=26111&off=0&elect=0&f=0
  17. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2000&off=0&elect=0&fips=26111&f=0
  18. ^ "Midland County Sheriff's Office" Midland County website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°38′N 84°23′W / 43.64°N 84.39°W / 43.64; -84.39