Midland Hotel, Manchester
|The Midland Hotel|
West façade of the Midland
|Architectural style||Eclectic Edwardian Baroque|
|Opening||5 September 1903|
|Cost||£1 million in 1900
(£101 million in 2011)
|Client||Midland Railway Company|
|Structural system||Steel frame, red brick, brown terracotta, polished granite & Burmantoft terracotta|
|Design and construction|
The Midland is a grand hotel in Manchester, England. Opened in September 1903, it was built by the Midland Railway to serve Manchester Central railway station, its northern terminus for its rail services to London St. Pancras. The hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw in a highly-individualistic Edwardian Baroque style. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Once known as the Crowne Plaza Manchester - The Midland it was bought by the Paramount Hotel Group (now Barcelo UK) in 2004. It was upgraded in a £12 million renovation and was transferred QHotels (formerly Quintessential Hotels), Paramount's sister company. The hotel has 312 en-suite bedrooms and 14 suites, a health club and three restaurants - The French Restaurant, Mr. Cooper's House & Garden and The Wyvern Restaurant.
Built at the junction of Peter Street and Lower Mosley Street opposite Manchester Central railway station, terminus for Midland Railway express trains to London, St Pancras, the hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw and constructed between 1898 and 1903 for the Midland Railway Company at a cost of more than £1 million. In 1908 The Railway News reported that the hotel had over 70,000 guests in its first year and described it as a "Twentieth century palace". The hotel had a 1,000-seat purpose-built theatre where opera, drama and early Annie Horniman performances were staged, and a roof terrace where a string quartet performed.
Its distinctive style comes from a structure of red brick and brown terracotta clad in several varieties of polished granite and Burmantofts terracotta to withstand the polluted environment of Manchester. The building shares some similarity with other highly-decorative Edwardian Baroque buildings in Manchester such as London Road Fire Station and Lancaster House. The building has been designated by English Heritage as a GradeII* listed building.
The Midland Hotel was allegedly coveted by Adolf Hitler, who maintained a keen interest in architecture, as a possible Nazi headquarters in Britain.  American Intelligence speculated that the area of Manchester around the Town Hall was spared from bombing so as not to damage or destroy the Midland Hotel.
The Midland was where Charles Stewart Rolls met Frederick Henry Royce leading to the formation of Rolls-Royce Limited in 1904. Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother dined in the hotel's Trafford Restaurant in November 1959 after attending a Royal Variety Performance at the Palace Theatre. The Beatles were famously refused access to the French Restaurant for being "inappropriately dressed".
The French, once described by the The Good Food Guide as 'Manchester's finest dining room', was one of Britain’s first Michelin-starred restaurants - awarded in 1974, with the publication of the first guide. The French re-opened in March 2013 under the guidance of Michelin star chef Simon Rogan who stated his desire is to re-establish the French to its former opulence. The French was rated as the 12th best restaurant nationally in its first year of opening and was also awarded the best New Entry award by the Good Food Guide. The French was awarded three Rosettes - the maximum permitted in the first year of opening.
Mr. Cooper's House & Garden
The hotel was used by American cotton traders on business in Cottonopolis who sold raw cotton to Lancashire mill owners and referred to themselves as the Old Colony Club. One of the hotel's restaurants was named The Colony as a result. The Colony was closed for refurbishment in 2013 and re-opened in September 2013 as Mr. Cooper's House & Garden in tribute to Thomas Cooper, whose house and famous gardens sat on the site back in 1819. The family were coach-makers by trade and their garden on the site of The Midland was famous for its strawberries, gooseberries, apples and flowers. On special days of the year, The Coopers would welcome the public in to stroll the gardens and picnic there. Mr Cooper's is aimed at a more general audience than the French.
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- "Mr Cooper's House and Garden". Retrieved 2013-09-24.
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