Midland Hotel, Manchester

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The Midland Hotel
The Midland
Midland Hotel west, Manchester.jpg
West façade of the Midland
General information
Status Grade II*
Type Hotel
Architectural style Eclectic Edwardian Baroque[1]
Location Manchester
Country England
Coordinates 53°28′38″N 2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245Coordinates: 53°28′38″N 2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245
Construction started 1898
Opening 5 September 1903
Cost £1 million in 1900
(£101 million in 2011)[2]
Client Midland Railway Company
Technical details
Structural system Steel frame, red brick, brown terracotta, polished granite & Burmantoft terracotta
Design and construction
Architect Charles Trubshaw

The Midland is a grand hotel in Manchester, England. Opened in September 1903, it was built by the Midland Railway to serve Manchester Central railway station, its northern terminus for its rail services to London St. Pancras. It faces onto St Peter's Square. The hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw in a highly-individualistic Edwardian Baroque style. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

Built at the junction of Peter Street and Lower Mosley Street opposite Manchester Central railway station, terminus for Midland Railway express trains to London St Pancras, the hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw and constructed between 1898 and 1903 for the Midland Railway Company at a cost of more than £1 million. In 1908 The Railway News reported that the hotel had over 70,000 guests in its first year and described it as a "Twentieth century palace".[3] The hotel had a 1,000-seat purpose-built theatre where opera, drama and early Annie Horniman performances were staged, and a roof terrace where a string quartet performed.[4]

The Midland Hotel was allegedly coveted by Adolf Hitler, who maintained a keen interest in architecture, as a possible Nazi headquarters in Britain.[5] American intelligence speculated that the area of Manchester around the Town Hall was spared from bombing so as not to damage or destroy the Midland Hotel.[6]

The Midland was where Charles Stewart Rolls met Frederick Henry Royce leading to the formation of Rolls-Royce Limited in 1904.[7] Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother dined in the hotel's Trafford Restaurant in November 1959 after attending a Royal Variety Performance at the Palace Theatre. The Beatles were famously refused access to the French Restaurant for being "inappropriately dressed".[8][9]

Architecture[edit]

The Midland has a steel structure clad in red brick, brown terracotta and several varieties of polished granite and Burmantofts terracotta to withstand the polluted environment of Manchester. The building shares some similarity with other highly-decorative Edwardian Baroque buildings in Manchester such as London Road Fire Station and Lancaster House. The building has been designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage.[1] The building was voted Greater Manchester's second-favourite building by readers of the Manchester Evening News in 2012.[10]

Hotel[edit]

The Midland Hotel, Manchester from the junction of Oxford Street and Mosley Street.

The hotel is close to Manchester Central exhibition and conference centre on the site of the former station, the Bridgewater Hall and Manchester Central Library.

Once known as the Crowne Plaza Manchester - The Midland it was bought by the Paramount Hotel Group (now Barcelo UK) in 2004.[11] It was upgraded in a £12 million renovation and was transferred QHotels (formerly Quintessential Hotels), Paramount's sister company. The hotel has 312 en-suite bedrooms and 14 suites, a health club and two restaurants - The French and Mr. Cooper's House & Garden.

Restaurants[edit]

The French, once described by The Good Food Guide as "Manchester's finest dining room",[12] was one of Britain’s first Michelin-starred restaurants - awarded in 1974 in the first guide.[13] It re-opened in March 2013 and chef Simon Rogan who stated his desire is to re-establish it to its former opulence[14] and was rated the 12th best restaurant nationally in its first year of opening and awarded the best New Entry award by the Good Food Guide.[15][16] The French was awarded three Rosettes - the maximum permitted in the first year of opening.[17]

The Colony was named after the cotton traders who sold raw cotton to mill owners and referred to themselves as the Old Colony Club. It closed for refurbishment in 2013 and re-opened in the September as Mr. Cooper's House & Garden in tribute to Thomas Cooper, whose house and gardens occupied the hotel site in 1819. The family were coach-makers and their garden was famous for its strawberries, gooseberries, apples and flowers.[18]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Midland Hotel, Manchester (1271154)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Bank of England - Inflation Calculator". Bank of England. 
  3. ^ "Railway News". Volume 90. 1908. pp. 436–437. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ Heßler,Martina & Zimmermann, Clemens (2008). Creative Urban Milieus: Historical Perspectives on Culture, Economy, and the City. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-3-593-38547-1. 
  5. ^ "Ed Miliband invokes British wartime spirit". BBC News. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  6. ^ "VE Day 60 Years: Manchester - A City In World War Two". culture24.org.uk. 6 June 2005. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  7. ^ "Centenary party for status symbol". BBC News. 4 May 2004. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  8. ^ http://www.qhotels.co.uk/hotels/the-midland-manchester.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/32056/united_kingdom/the_midland_hotel_in_manchester.html
  10. ^ "M.E.N readers vote Manchester town hall region's favourite building". Manchester Evening News. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "Historic Midland hotel to be sold". Manchester Evening News. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  12. ^ "Simon Rogan to open at the French at the Midland Hotel". Good Food Guide. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  13. ^ "Rooftop turnips with Simon Rogan, latest custodian of the French at the Midland Hotel". The Guardian. September 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.the-french.co.uk/story/
  15. ^ "Editors Awards 2014". Good Food Guide. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  16. ^ "NW Good Food Guide Entries 2014: It's Rogan's Year". Manchester Confidential. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  17. ^ "More Awards For The French At The Midland". Manchester Confidential. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  18. ^ "Mr Cooper's House and Garden". Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
Bibliography
  • French, Owen (1978). The Midland Hotel, Manchester: "a twentieth century palace" : a history, 1903–1978. 
  • Parkinson-Bailey, John (2000). Manchester: An Architectural History. Manchester University Press. 
  • Hartwell, Clare (2001). Manchester: Pevsner Architectural Guide. Penguin. 

External links[edit]