Midland Railway 3835 Class

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Midland Railway 3835 Class
“Class 4 Goods”
Walton with Leicester - Peterborough East train geograph-2791492-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
No. 43965 at work on the ex-Midland Melton Mowbray - Peterborough line
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer Henry Fowler
Builder
Serial number
  • AW: 416–465 (MR 3937–3986)
  • AW: 468–472 (S&DJR 57–61)
Build date 1911, 1917–1922
Total produced 197
Configuration 0-6-0
UIC classification C h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 63 in (1,600 mm)
Wheelbase Loco: 8 ft 0 in + 8 ft 6 in
Locomotive weight 48 tons 15 cwt (109,200 lb or 49.5 t)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler G7S
Boiler pressure 175 lbf/in2 (1.21 MPa) superheated
Superheater type Schmidt
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 20 in × 26 in (508 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Valve type Piston valves
Tractive effort 24,555 lbf (109.23 kN)
Career
Operator(s) MR, SDJR, LMS, BR
Class MR: 3835
Power class MR: 4
LMS: 4F
Number in class MR: 192
SDJR: 5
Retired 1954–1965
Disposition One preserved, remainder scrapped
Engine 43918 running through Water Orton with a freight train, date unknown

The Midland Railway (MR) 3835 Class is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive designed for freight work. The first two were introduced in 1911 by Henry Fowler. After the grouping in 1923 they continued to be built up to 1941 by the LMS as the LMS Fowler 4F.

History[edit]

A total of 197 engines were built. 192 of them were sequentially numbered 3835–4026 for the Midland Railway. After nationalisation in 1948 British Railways added 40000 to their numbers so they became 43835–44026. Five engines were constructed by Armstrong Whitworth for the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway in 1922, numbered 57–61. They were absorbed into LMS stock in 1930, becoming 4557–4561.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 19 November 1926, locomotive No. 3980 was one of two hauling a freight train. One of the private owner wagons disintegrated, derailing the train at Parkgate and Rawmarsh, Yorkshire. A signal post was partly brought down, obstructing an adjacent line. The carriages of an express passenger train had their sides ripped open by the signal post. Eleven people were killed.[1]
  • On 6 March 1930, locomotive No. 4009 was hauling a ballast train that was in collision with a passenger train at Langwathby station, Cumberland. The passenger train had departed from Culgaith against signals. Two people were killed and four were seriously injured.[2]

Withdrawal[edit]

The 197 engines in this class were withdrawn between 1954 and 1965 as follows:

Table of withdrawals[3]
Year Quantity in
service at
start of year
Quantity
withdrawn
Locomotive numbers
1954 197 1 43862
1955 196 5 43835/67/94, 43909, 44006
1956 191 8 43874/75/95, 43936/43/56/74, 44024
1957 183 19 43837/38/47/51/52/57/89/91/98,
43901/12/16/27/41/59/80/92/93,
44017
1958 164 4 43879/92, 43978, 44021
1959 160 36 43836/41/42/58/60/64/66/73/77/78/81/86/90/96,
43904/07/10/19/26/30/34/39/46/60/61/65/66/70/84/90/97/98,
44000/05/14/18
1960 124 8 43839/40/43/68/97, 43973/89, 44019
1961 116 15 43846/63/72/83/84,
43900/05/11/20/21/22/44/48/62,
44002
1962 101 22 43844/48/49/59/69/76/99,
43902/14/32/33/38/85/96,
44001/04/08/11/16/20, 44557/61
1963 79 23 43845/53/55/61/70/82,
43915/35/37/42/45/55/69/77/87/95,
44010/12/13/15/22/26, 44559
1964 56 34 43850/54/56/71/80/85/88,
43903/08/17/23/25/28/29/31/40/47/49/51/54/57/58/63/71/72/76/79/86/88,
44007/09/23/25, 44558
1965 22 22 43865/87/93,
43906/13/18/24/50/52/53/64/67/68/75/81/82/83/91/94/99,
44003, 44560

Preservation[edit]

One Midland-built 4Fs, (4)3924 is preserved on the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway, the first locomotive to leave Woodham Brothers scrapyard in Barry, South Wales.[4] Three LMS-built 4Fs have also been preserved.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Earnshaw 1993, pp. 14-15.
  2. ^ Hall 1990, p. 95.
  3. ^ Baxter 1982, pp. 180–183.
  4. ^ "The Barry Scrapyard story, part 2". The Great Western Archive - part1. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1982). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 3A: Midland Railway and its constituent companies. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1984). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. 
  • Casserley, H.C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1974) [1966]. Locomotives at the Grouping 3: London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0554-0. 
  • Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-52-4. 

External links[edit]