Midnight Cowboy (novel)
For the 1969 film adaptation of this novel, see Midnight Cowboy.
Midnight Cowboy is a 1965 novel by James Leo Herlihy (1927–1993) that chronicles the naïve Texan Joe Buck's odyssey from Texas to New York City, where he plans on realizing his dream of becoming a male prostitute servicing rich ladies. Joe proves a failure as a hustler and winds up on the streets serving a mainly gay clientele, but he does make a human connection with Rico "Ratso" Rizzo, his roommate and would-be pimp.
The novel was made into the successful 1969 movie Midnight Cowboy starring Dustin Hoffman as Ratso and Jon Voight as Joe. The film, by director John Schlesinger, not only was a hit at the box office, but it won three Academy Awards: Academy Award for Best Picture, Academy Award for Best Director and Academy Award for Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay). Both Hoffman and Voight received nominations as Academy Award for Best Actor, but lost out to John Wayne in a more traditional cowboy movie, True Grit.
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