Midtbyen (lit. English, "Town Centre"), also known as Aarhus Center or City, is the inner part of Aarhus City and has postal code 8000. It is a part of Århus C, together with Vesterbro and Frederiksbjerg and has a population of 55.000.
Midtbyen is characterized by narrow, winding, cobbled streets and a busy street life with many small squares, cafés and shops. Parts of the old town center have been saved from destructive modern development and can be experienced in Latinerkvarteret, but old individual houses are scattered all around Midtbyen. A large part of the area is carfree and has been increasingly pedestrianised. The square of Store Torv (lit.: large square) in front of the cathedral, forms a natural centre of the large pedestrian zone.
The stream of Aarhus Å flows through Midtbyen and adds to the areas' distinct charm. The waterway was covered by roads for many decades, but has recently been opened up again.
See also: Aarhus History
Midtbyen comprise the oldest part of the city of Aarhus and was where the town itself originated more than a thousand years ago. Midtbyen dates back to at least late 700 AD, at the beginning of the Viking Age and was originally and previously confined by fortifications and walls. Nowadays the defensive walls are long gone, but survive in placenames such as Nørreport (English: Northeastern Gate) and a number of streets named after their location relative to the old town center, such as Søndergade, Nørregade and Vestergade meaning south-eastern street, north-eastern street and westward street respectively. A similar naming structure can be observed in many older Danish towns and cities. The canal of the Aarhus River runs through Midtbyen, along the street of Åboulevarden and was important to the development of the early settlements, that sprawled around it.
This part of town has heavy traffic during rush hours which, because of the old small roads, can be a problem. Midtbyen is surrounded by Nørre Allé (Northern Avenue), Vester Allé (Western Avenue) and Sønder Allé (Southern Avenue) serving as ring roads, following the previous city walls of medieval times. This helps leading much of the inner city traffic around the most narrow and difficult streets in the neighbourhood. Many roads in Midtbyen are closed to traffic, instead serving as pedestrian zones with a lively street life and shopping opportunities. Most city buses go through Midtbyen, while regional and Inter-city buses terminate at the Aarhus Bus Terminal close to the Central Station. Most bus lines pass through the street of Park Allé (Park Avenue) next to the City Hall, which serves as a major bus hub.
- Århus Domkirke, the tallest and longest cathedral in Denmark.
- Church of Our Lady, a large church .
- Århus City Hall (City Hall of Århus).
- ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, the main Århus arts museum.
- Aarhus Kunstbygning, an arts museum.
- Aarhus Theatre, the official theater of the city.
- Kvindemuseet, The Women's Museum
- The Viking Museum
- Strøget (Main shopping street)
- Aarhus Central Station
- Åboulevarden (Canal street)