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Midtbyen is a borough and comprises much of the city centre of Trondheim, Norway. Midtbyen proper is located north and east of the river Nidelva, south of the Trondheim Canal and east of Ila, thus being north of Øya and Elgeseter, east of Bakklandet and south of Brattøra. The Midtbyen borough also comprises the areas of Ila, Byåsen, Trolla and Stavne.
The area is primarily a commercial area with office buildings and stores, though there is also some dense housing. The westernmost part of Midtbyen is dominated by housing, while commercial interests dominate the eastern section. In the middle of Midtbyen is the square Trondheim Torg that features a statue of the city's founder, Olav Tryggvason.
Midtbyen dates back to viking age when it started as a marketplace. It was formerly called Kaupangen (Marketplace) by Olav Tryggvason and later Nidaros (Norse: Niðaróss). The original marketplace of Trondheim grew up around the mouth of the Nid River. In the 11th century Nidaros was turned into the Archiepiscopate of Nidaros and for a period, until 1217, capital of Norway. Midtbyen and the immediate surrounding area remained the only settled area of Trondheim until the late 19th century when the city started expanding outside the Midtbyen limits. The name Midtbyen dates back to after the merging of Trondheim with the surrounding municipalities in the 1960s.
As the centre of the city, Midtbyen serves as the most important transportation hub in Trondheim. Public transport has its main hub at Munkegata Terminal at Trondheim Torg while the Trondheim Tramway terminates at St. Olavs gate. Just over the canal on Brattøra is Trondheim Central Station providing both local and express train services. In the summer there is also a ferry to Munkholmen from Ravnkloa.
The southern part of Midtbyen is dominated by places of worship, including the Nidarosdomen while the southwestern sections of Midtbyen, Kalvskinnet, hosts the engineering and computer faculty of Sør-Trøndelag University College and the institute of archeology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. The central area of Midtbyen is dominated by financial institutions, including the corporate headquarters of Sparebanken Midt-Norge, BNbank and Fokus Bank.
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