Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is a geographic area of Manhattan, New York City. It is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, and the United Nations Headquarters. It contains world-famous commercial zones such as Rockefeller Center, Broadway, and Times Square.
- 1 Location
- 2 History
- 3 Cityscape
- 4 Different definitions of Midtown Manhattan
- 5 Neighborhoods
- 6 Economy
- 7 Diplomatic missions
- 8 Government and infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Geographically, Midtown is commonly defined as the area south of 59th Street, east of the Hudson River, west of the East River, and though its southern border is less clear, most consider it to be somewhere between 14th Street and 30th Street. Overall, Manhattan can be divided into three geographic regions: "Uptown", Midtown, and "Downtown".
As New York's largest central business district, Midtown Manhattan is the busiest single commercial district in the United States, and among the most intensely used pieces of real estate in the world. The majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, lie within Midtown. The area hosts commuters and residents working in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments; many tourists, visiting residents, and students populate the district. Some areas, such as Times Square and Fifth Avenue, have large clusters of retail stores. Sixth Avenue in Midtown holds the headquarters of three of the four major television networks. It is a growing center of finance, second in importance within the United States only to Downtown Manhattan's Financial District. Times Square is the center of Broadway theatre.
Different definitions of Midtown Manhattan
The border of Midtown Manhattan is nebulous and further confused by the fact that the term "Midtown Manhattan" can be used to refer either to a district or a group of neighborhoods and districts in Manhattan. The area between 14th and 86th Streets includes roughly the center of Manhattan; however, the term Midtown Manhattan can also apply to the area between 31st Street and 59th Streets, although there are still office buildings south of 31st Street, many of them, such as the MetLife Tower, quite early relative to those in Midtown proper (commonly referred to simply as "Midtown"). The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile. There is also "Midtown South," which can refer to the part of Midtown between 23rd Street and around 42nd Street (although its northern boundary is defined differently depending on the source). Midtown South has considerably lower rents. In 1982, the City of New York identified the "Manhattan Core" as the area that includes some of the City’s most populous neighborhoods, major institutions, parks and transit hubs, and the City’s primary Central Business District (CBD), defined as Manhattan below 60th Street. The "Manhattan Core" includes some areas slightly further north of 86th Street in Manhattan, as well as the area below 14th Street; however, this definition is problematic because it ignores the fact that Manhattan has not one but two zones in which people do business within this area separated by a wide swath of low-density residential development: there is Midtown (which is in Midtown Manhattan), and the Financial District, (also known simply as "Downtown" because of its location in Downtown Manhattan). In other sources these districts are referred to as separate central business districts.
Midtown encompasses many neighborhoods including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, and Gramercy on the East Side. It is sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts. A simplistic and by no means comprehensive list of the neighborhoods in the Midtown area is as follows:
- Between 59th Street to the north and 42nd Street to the south, from west to east:
- Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to Eighth Avenue, including
- Times Square and the Theater District from West 42nd Street to around West 53rd Street (according to some until Central Park at Central Park South/59th Street), and from Eighth Avenue to Sixth Avenue
- The Diamond District on West 47th Street between Sixth Avenue and Fifth Avenue
- Midtown East from around Sixth Avenue to the East River, including (going from west to east, and north to south):
- Between 42nd Street north and around 34th Street, from west to east, and north to south:
- Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to Eighth Avenue
- The Garment District from West 42nd Street and West 34th Street and Ninth Avenue to Fifth Avenue
- Herald Square around the intersection of Broadway, Sixth Avenue, and West 34th Street
- Murray Hill from East 42nd Street to East 34th Street and Fifth Avenue to Second Avenue
- Between 34th Street and 23rd Street, from west to east:
- Chelsea between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue
- Koreatown from 36th Street to 31st Street and Fifth and Sixth Avenues, centered on "Korea Way" on 32nd Street between Fifth Avenue and Broadway
- Rose Hill or Curry Hill between Madison Avenue and First Avenue
- Kips Bay from Third Avenue to the East River
- Between 23rd Street and 14th Street, going west to east and north to south:
- Chelsea between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue
- The Meatpacking District in the southwesternmost corner of Midtown, to the south of West 15th Street
- Madison Square and the Flatiron District, the area surround the intersection of Broadway, Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street.
- Union Square, to the northeast of the intersection of Broadway, East 14th Street and Park Avenue South
- Gramercy from East 23rd Street to East 14th Street and Lexington Avenue to First Avenue
- Peter Cooper Village from East 23rd Street to East 20th Street and 1st Avenue to Avenue C (parallel the East River)
- Stuyvesant Town from East 20th Street to East 14th Street and First Avenue to Avenue C
Midtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th Street to 23rd Street and the Tenderloin, from 23rd Street to 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.
Other important sights in Midtown:
- Empire State Building
- Museum of Modern Art
- St. Patrick's Cathedral
- Grand Central Terminal
- New York Public Library
- Chrysler Building
- Time Warner Center
- One Bryant Park
- United Nations Headquarters
- Carnegie Hall
- Madison Square Garden
- Manhattan Center
- James Farley Post Office
- Pennsylvania Station
- Plaza Hotel
- The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
- Bryant Park
- Trump Tower
- Times Square
- Flagship stores of retailers such as:
- Prominent gentlemen's clubs in Midtown:
- The Brook
- The Century Association
- The Columbia University Club of New York
- The Cornell Club of New York
- The Harvard Club of New York
- The New York Yacht Club
- The Penn Club of New York
- The Princeton Club of New York
- The Racquet and Tennis Club
- The Joseph Lubin House of Syracuse University
- The Union League Club of New York
- The University Club of New York
- The Yale Club of New York City
Important streets and thoroughfares in Midtown:
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Midtown Manhattan, along with Lower Manhattan, is one of the world's leading financial centers.
Midtown Manhattan has the headquarters of major companies, including 4Kids Entertainment, Barnes & Noble, Bloomberg L.P., Ernst & Young, Calvin Klein, Cantor Fitzgerald, CBS Corporation, Citigroup, Colgate-Palmolive, Cushman & Wakefield, DC Comics, Deloitte, Duane Reade, Estée Lauder Companies, Foot Locker, Frederator Studios, JPMorgan Chase, Hess Corporation, Kroll Inc., L-3 Communications, Marsh & McLennan Companies, Marvel Entertainment, McGraw-Hill, MetLife, MidOcean Partners, Morgan Stanley, NBC Universal, The New York Times Company, NexCen Brands, Pfizer, Polo Ralph Lauren, Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue), The Sharper Image, Simon & Schuster, Six Flags, TBWA Worldwide, Thomson Reuters, Time Warner, Time Warner Cable, Univision Communications, and Viacom. The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan.
Foreign subsidiary operations
Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building previously was a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002. Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood. El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown. The Air France USA regional headquarters are in 125 West 55th Street in Midtown Manhattan. Hachette Book Group USA has its headquarters in 237 Park Avenue. In 1994 Alitalia considered moving its USA headquarters from Midtown to Lower Manhattan, but decided to keep the offices where they were at the last minute. Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan.
Former economic operations
American companies formerly headquartered in Midtown Manhattan include American Airlines, American Comics Group, American Overseas Airlines, Central Park Media, Eastern Airlines, GoodTimes Entertainment, LJN, NewKidCo, Pan American World Airways, Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group), Trans Caribbean Airways, and Trans World Airlines.
Several countries, including Argentina, The Bahamas, People's Republic of China, Costa Rica, Germany, Republic of Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, United Kingdom, Ukraine, have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is in Midtown Manhattan.
Government and infrastructure
Traffic congestion is common, especially for crosstown traffic. In 2011, a new system of traffic light control, known as "Midtown in Motion" was announced, with the aim of reducing traffic congestion. Approximately 750,000 vehicles enter Midtown Manhattan on a fall business day. According to the 2011 Traffic Data Report for New York State, 777,527 vehicles a day went through select toll facilities into Manhattan.
The United States Postal Service operates the James A. Farley Post Office, New York City's main post office, in Midtown Manhattan. The post office stopped 24 hour service beginning on May 9, 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic.
New York City Department of Education public schools in Midtown Manhattan include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School and Norman Thomas High School. Private schools include The Beekman School, Rebecca School, and a number of private language and music centers (e.g. Berlitz, American Language Communication Center, New York Language Center, Swan Music School, and the New York Youth Symphony).
In addition to its well-known Main Branch research library—now known as the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building—the New York Public Library operates the Science, Industry and Business Library at 34th and Madison, the Mid-Manhattan Library at 455 Fifth Avenue (at 40th Street), the Grand Central Library on East 46th Street, and the 58th Street Branch Library at 127 East 58th Street, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue.
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- Media related to Midtown Manhattan at Wikimedia Commons
- Manhattan/Midtown travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Grand tour of Manhattan, 360° aerial panorama
- Manhattan at night, 360° aerial panorama
- Day view of Manhattan, 360° aerial panorama