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|Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland|
September 27, 1988 – August 2, 1989
|Preceded by||Zbigniew Messner|
|Succeeded by||Czesław Kiszczak|
|7th First Secretary of the Central Committee of the PUWP|
July 29, 1989 – January 29, 1990
|Preceded by||Wojciech Jaruzelski|
|Succeeded by||office abolished|
December 1, 1926|
|Died||November 8, 2008
|Political party||Polish United Workers' Party|
Mieczysław Rakowski ([mʲeˈt͡ʂɨswaf raˈkɔfskʲi] ( ); December 1, 1926 – November 8, 2008) was a Polish communist politician, historian and journalist. He served as an officer in the Polish People's Army from 1945 to 1949. He began his political career in 1946 as a member of the Polish Workers' Party, and from 1948 to 1990 he was a member of the communist Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR), serving on its Central Committee from 1975 to 1990.
He received a doctorate in history from Warsaw's Institute for Social Sciences in 1956. Rakowski served as the second-to-last communist Prime Minister of Poland from September 1988 to August 1989 (Czesław Kiszczak then served less than a month as the last communist, before the accession of Tadeusz Mazowiecki). He was the last First Secretary of the PZPR from July 1989 to January 1990. However, he was not, unlike his predecessors, the de facto leader of the country; the PZPR had given up its monopoly of power in early 1989.
Rakowski was also known as one of the founders and, from 1958 to 1982, first deputy and then chief editor of the weekly newspaper Polityka, one of the most influential newspapers at the time (Polityka continues to exist and is regarded by many as the most prestigious weekly in Poland). Today some people still remember him as a journalist and editor rather than a politician.
Rakowski was involved in the Communist government during suppression of the Solidarity movement. He also played part of the Polish transformation from state socialism to market capitalism, as his Communist-led government was forced to reform and he was one of the key players in the Polish Round Table Agreements.
Prior to becoming Prime Minister, he had been divorced from the violinist Wanda Wiłkomirska, with whom he had two sons.
- Martin, Douglas (November 11, 2008). "Mieczyslaw Rakowski, Poland’s Last Communist Premier, Dies at 81". The New York Times.
|Prime Minister of Poland
|Party political offices|
|General Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party