|Comune di Miggiano|
|• Total||7 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||107 m (351 ft)|
|Population (November 2008)|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Vincenzo di Saragozza, Santa Marina (Marino), Madonna del Carmine, Santa Barbara|
|Saint day||22 January|
Miggiano is an Italian town of 3,702 inhabitants of the province of Lecce in Puglia . Located in the lower Salento, a few km from the Adriatic coast, 50 km from the chieftown and 22 km from Santa Maria di Leuca. Since 2003 has the title of City. The town of Miggiano, located in the central part of the Capo di Leuca at the foot of the Serre Salento, has a flat shape and is between 101 and 115 metres above sea level . The territory, both in terms of geological morphology, the surface is composed of limestone Melissano formed in the Cretaceous . The nature of karst terrain favours the creation of long underground rivers that feed the aquifers . The town, whose area covers about 7.64 km ², bordered to the north Montesano Salentino, in the east Tricase south with Mirror, on the west by Ruffano.
The weather station of reference is that of Santa Maria di Leuca . According to climate averages 1971 - the two thousandth, the temperature average of the coldest month, February, is +10.0 °C, while the hottest month, August, is +25.3 °C average is count zero frost days per year and 20 days with maximum temperature greater than or equal to +30 °C. The extremes of temperature recorded in the same thirty years are -2.8 °C of the January 1979 and +39.6 °C of July 1988 . The rainfall annual average stood at 563 mm, medium distributed in 61 rainy days, with minimum in summer and peak in autumn - winter . Below is the table with the climatic averages and maximum and minimum values recorded in absolute trantennio 1971st - 2000 and published in the Atlas of Climate Italy's Air Force Meteorological Service on the same three decades.
If your paper mentions for the first time the village of Miggiano in 1182, settlements and archaeological finds on the ground are anticipating the origins of the country in the period Messapian or Roman, or even to ' Bronze Age, which dates back to the standing stones and caves carved into the rock. The first settlement itself but is due to ' Middle Ages when people took refuge in the area from the coast and from there escaped following the barbarian invasions and Saracen . Later, in 1156, these people joined the people of the city of Large destroyed by William the Bad . In 1190, in Norman, the fief of Miggiano was donated by the Count of Lecce Tancred on Filiberto Monteroni. There followed a succession of several noble families: the spirit, and Gallon Vernaleone. Heavily looted and destroyed in 1480 by the Turks, and four years later by the Venetians, the house underwent a drastic decline in population. In 1486 he was subject to the Church of Castro which he held the check until 1818 when it was deleted from the Diocese of Castro . He then went to the Bishop of Otranto until in 1866 it was forfeited to the Royal Property. The origins of the name The name may derive from the Latin meaning miscellaneus with mixing (of people), other assumptions lead back to the origin of etymology medianus word meaning "that lies somewhere in between." Most likely origin praedial from the Latin name of person Maedius. Over the centuries the name has thus evolved from Mesiano in Misiano, then mixed and Miggiano of Paduli in 1600 and finally Miggiano. Despite belonging to the Diocese of Castro before, and that of Otranto, after the ecclesiastical jurisdiction always belonged to the Diocese of Ugento.
The origins of the name
The name may derive from the Latin meaning miscellaneus with mixing (of people), other assumptions lead back to the origin of etymology medianus word meaning "that lies somewhere in between." Most likely origin praedial from the Latin name of person Maedius. Over the centuries the name has thus evolved from Mesiano in Misiano, then mixed and Miggiano of Paduli in 1600 and finally Miggiano.
Monuments and places of interest
The Cathedral Church is dedicated to St. Vincent Martyr, the patron of the country and the Diocese of Ugento . Its construction dates back to the sixteenth century and has undergone many changes and additions over the centuries. In particular, the work on the nineteenth century acted in total reconstruction of the prospectus that shows architectural extremely essential. Consisting of three parts, of which the two sides are lightly covered, has three gateways surmounted by a niche with Baroque statues, almost certainly coming from the original facade. The interior consists of three naves with transept, in which open deep side chapels with its late Baroque altars. The area is home to a fine chancel choir and an altar adorned with a painting of St. Vincent, painted during the early seventeenth century from Nardò district Donato Antonio D'Orlando.
Crypt of Santa Marina
The Crypt of Santa Marina is situated in the homonymous chapel near the cemetery. This is a crypt Basilian dating to the tenth or eleventh century and consists of three rooms: a room entrance, a central trapezoidal and the apse. Each environment presents the typical steps which act as seats and in the apse are the remains of an altar and a column. Of particular importance are the Byzantine frescoes depicting St. Nicholas, St. Catherine of Alexandria, the ' Archangel Gabriel, Santa Marina and Holy Anonymous, executed over a period of time between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries . Particular importance is given by the representation of the Dormition of the Virgin, the Virgin's body lay surrounded by the Apostles . Above the figure of Christ holding the soul of Mother, rendered symbolically with a small figure wrapped in white bands. Around two bishops and a figure with a halo attend the scene.
Other religious architecture
Chiesa del Carmine - seventeenth century
The palace is one of the most important historic houses in the country. Built in the seventeenth century and the eighteenth century, it retains much of the original structure because of numerous rearrangements alternated over the centuries until the first half of the twentieth century . The building, place a long time one of the entrances to the village, the home was the factor responsible for managing the revenues of ecclesiastical estates. The strategic locations allowed to supervise the farmers, returning from the fields, and to record and store the harvest. In the eighteenth century became the residence of the family Vernaleone, as administrators of justice in the area.
The building lies within the limits of a great forest that once bordered the town. The first building of the structure seems to date the arrival of the Augustinians in the country, between the sixteenth and seventeenth century, which elected it to his home. Here, the men apparently worked the hemp and flax in large stone vats for the production of paper. With the passage of property to the families of Episcopo Poggiardo, the building assumed its present appearance. The facade consists of two floors with an elegant portal surmounted by a protome lion, and a large balcony resting on brackets work with fitoformi reasons (i.e. connected to the plant world). Some wreaths, carved in local stone, decorate the windows of the main floor. In the centre you can see the family crest. All around the building lies a lush garden with paths and pergolas.
Other architectures civil
Underground oil mills
The dialect spoken in Miggiano is the dialect of Salento in southern variant. The Salento dialect shows load influences attributable to the rulers and the people settled in those territories that have followed over the centuries: Messapi, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Lombards, Normans, Albanian, French, Spanish.
- Population from ISTAT