Miguel Alemán Dam

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Miguel Alemán Dam
Location Oaxaca, Mexico
Coordinates 18°13′59″N 96°24′45″W / 18.23306°N 96.41250°W / 18.23306; -96.41250Coordinates: 18°13′59″N 96°24′45″W / 18.23306°N 96.41250°W / 18.23306; -96.41250
Opening date 1954
Dam and spillways
Impounds Tonto River
Reservoir
Creates Miguel Alemán Lake
Total capacity 13,380 mm3 (with Cerro de Oro Dam)
Surface area 47,800 hectares

The Miguel Alemán Dam is on the Tonto River in the Papaloapan Region of Oaxaca state in southern Mexico, just upstream from the town of Temascal or Nuevo Soyaltepec, forming the Miguel Alemán Lake with an area of 47,800 hectares. The dam operates in conjunction with the Cerro de Oro Dam, located on the Santo Domingo River to control floods in the Papaloapan basin in Veracruz state. Together with the 22,000 hectare reservoir of the Cerro de Oro, which is joined by a channel to the Miguel Alemán Lake, the combined capacity is 13,380 mm3.[1] The lake formed by the dam is scenic, providing income from fishing and tourism. The northwestern shore and islands have been declared a nature reserve.[2] The dam includes the Temascal hydroelectric plant.

Purpose[edit]

The Santo Domingo and the Tonto rivers join to the south of the city of San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec to form the Papaloapan river, which meanders northeastward to the Gulf of Mexico. The basin of this river in the coastal plain was subject to frequent flooding, with the damage sometimes compounded by cyclones. A particularly severe flood in September 1944 covered 470,000 hectares, with great loss of life and property. The Miguel Aleman dam reduced the problem, although floods continued and the Cerro de Oro Dam on the Santo Domingo was required to fully control the floods.[3]

Construction and capacity[edit]

The dam was initiated by the government of President Miguel Alemán Valdés in 1947 and construction started in 1949. The dam created a 2,300,000-acre (9,300 km2) reservoir, provided a large portion of the region's growing electricity demand and provided an assured irrigation supply for thousands of new fruit, dairy, and vegetable farms.[4] However, the project required relocation of thousands of poor Mazatec, Chinantec and Mixe families.[4]

Map of the Papaloapan River drainage basin before construction of the Cerro de Oro Dam, showing the Miguel Alemán Lake (center)

The dam has a capacity of 8 million m3 (2,113,400,000 US gallons), from which 6.77 million m3 (1,788,500,000 US gallons) is available for power generation. The dam has a length of 830 meters (2,720 feet). The Temascal hydroelectric plant located east of the dam generates about 725 million kilowatts a year.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "78. PRESA MIGUEL ALEMÁN – CERRO DE ORO". Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  2. ^ Patrick Maher (2000). Mexico handbook. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 225. ISBN 1-900949-53-9. 
  3. ^ Gerardo Cruickshank (1972). "Some Problems of the Papaloapan River Basin". Proceedings of University Seminar on Pollution and Water Resources (Columbia University). Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  4. ^ a b "The Mature Revolution". Moon Travel Guides. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  5. ^ "Miguel Aleman Dam". Secretary of Tourism of the State of Oaxaca. Retrieved 2010-06-30.