Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu

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Mihai-Răzvan Ungureanu
Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu.jpg
Prime Minister of Romania
In office
9 February 2012 – 7 May 2012
President Traian Băsescu
Deputy Béla Markó
Preceded by Cătălin Predoiu (Acting)
Succeeded by Victor Ponta
Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service
In office
5 December 2007 – 9 February 2012
Preceded by Silviu Predoiu (Acting)
Succeeded by Teodor Melescanu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
28 December 2004 – 12 March 2007
Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Preceded by Mircea Geoană
Succeeded by Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (Acting)
Senator
Incumbent
Assumed office
29 December 2012
Personal details
Born (1968-09-22) 22 September 1968 (age 45)
Iași, Romania
Political party Democratic Liberal Party (2014-present)
Other political
affiliations
National Liberal Party
(Before 2007)
Independent
(2007–2012)
Civic Force Party
(2012–2014)
Alma mater University of Iaşi
St Cross College, Oxford

Mihai-Răzvan Ungureanu (Romanian pronunciation: [miˈhaj rəzˈvan unɡuˈre̯anu]; born September 22, 1968) is a Romanian historian, politician and former Prime Minister of Romania. He was the foreign minister of Romania from December 28, 2004 to March 12, 2007, and he was appointed as Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service later in 2007. Following the resignation of the Emil Boc government he was appointed Prime Minister serving through April 2012 when his cabinet was dismissed following a parliamentary vote of no-confidence.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu is married and has one son. He is fluent in three foreign languages (English, French and German) and he also reads Hungarian.[2]

Education[edit]

Ungureanu studied Maths and Physics at the Costache Negruzzi high-school in Iași, where he graduated valedictorian in 1987. Ungureanu later studied History and Philosophy at the University of Iași where he graduated in 1992. From 1985 to 1989, Ungureanu was an alternate member of the Union of Communist Youth Central Committee, while between 1990 and 1992 he was a member of the university senate as a student representative. In 1993, Ungureanu obtained a master's degree at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, an affiliated programme of St Cross College at the University of Oxford. In March 2004 he received a Ph.D. degree from the University of Iași after submitting a thesis on the "Conversion and integration in the Romanian society in the early-modern era".[3]

Professional career[edit]

Ungureanu was a Professor at the University of Iași when he was recruited to the diplomatic service in 1998. He subsequently served as State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1998–2000), and was a Vienna-based representative of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe (2000–2004).

A member of the National Liberal Party, part of the Justice and Truth Alliance, Ungureanu became foreign minister after the candidate supported by the alliance, Traian Băsescu, won the presidential election.[citation needed] On February 2, 2007, Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu requested Ungureanu's resignation because Ungureanu had failed to inform the government about the detention of two Romanian workers by coalition forces in Iraq.[4] On February 4, Ungureanu confirmed his resignation,[5][6] Popescu-Tăriceanu said that Ungureanu would continue to act as foreign minister until the swearing in of a successor.[7] On March 12th, President Traian Băsescu signed a decree removing Ungureanu from his position.[8]

Foreign Intelligence Service tenure[edit]

On November 27, 2007, Băsescu nominated Ungureanu to head the Foreign Intelligence Service (SIE), the directorship of which had been vacant since Claudiu Săftoiu's March 19 resignation, related to the same scandal in Iraq. A joint session of Parliament confirmed Ungureanu in his new position on December 5, with 295 of 318 MPs present voting in favour.[9]

Prime Minister[edit]

On February 6, 2012, Ungureanu was given a mandate by President Traian Băsescu to form a new government, which the Romanian parliament approved on February 9, 2012. Ungureanu vowed to continue reforms and promote Romania's economic and political stability amid the country's political crisis.[10] As Prime Minister, Ungureanu had become the Democratic Liberal Party's probable candidate for the presidency when Băsescu's term expired in 2014, senior party members said, a move echoing Russia's President Boris Yeltsin's choice and promotion of Vladimir Putin.[11] After two and a half months, Ungureanu's cabinet failed to pass a no-confidence vote introduced by the Social Liberal Union. Opposition leader Victor Ponta on 7 May 2012 replaced him as prime minister.[12]

After Prime Ministership[edit]

The political activity of Ungureanu after the premiersphip was intensive. In July 2012, he founded the non-governmental organization of Center-Right Civic Initiative (ICCD), together with PDL leaders Cristian Preda and Monica Macovei. He spoke about a political and electoral forces, without PNL. The alliance was founded in late August 2012 and include Democratic Liberal Party, National Peasant Christian-Democratic Party, New Republic Party and Center-Right Civic Initiative. On 31 August, Ungureanu joined Civic Force Party.

Civic Force leadership[edit]

Ungureanu was elected the Head of the party during The Civic Force party congress in September 2012. Civic Force Party (PFC) became the "electoral vehicle" of ICCD and replaced the ONG in Right Romania Alliance (ARD) membership. After the election, Ungureanu started a European tournee for the accession of PFC to European People's Party (EPP). On 11 September, he met with the Italian deputy and member of the The People of Freedom (PdL), Claudio Scajola, the Mayor of Rome and Giovanni Battista Re, secretary of Holy See. They welcomed the formation of "an alliance of right in the opposition of left attacks".

Ungureanu reorganized the party, founding new branches of the PFC around the country. He has held disscusions with the former Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, the President of EPP, Wilfried Martens, the Secretary-General of PdL, Angelino Alfano, the Secretary-General of Union for a Popular Movement, Jean-François Copé, and the leader of EPP europarliamentary group, Joseph Daul on the accession of Civic Force at EPP. According to him, the accession folder of the party was accepted and FC started the accession process.

Ungureanu won a seat in the Senate (Romania) on ARD's party list in the 2012 elections.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mircea Geoană
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2004–2007
Succeeded by
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Acting
Preceded by
Cătălin Predoiu
Acting
Prime Minister of Romania
2012
Succeeded by
Victor Ponta
Preceded by
László Borbély
Minister of Environment and Forests
Acting

2012
Succeeded by
Attila Korodi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Adrian Iuraşcu
President of Civic Force
2012-present
Incumbent
Government offices
Preceded by
Silviu Predoiu
Acting
Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Silviu Predoiu
Acting